struvite Articles

  • How to Remove Struvite from Wastewater Treatment Plant

    There is an alternative method for removing struvite that is much easier to administer and control than mechanical grinding and spraying. Struvite Remover is a liquid solution, environmentally safe product that has proven itself to remove struvite effectively, efficiently and cost friendly. Struvite Remover is very effective with struvite removal and struvite wastewater treatment. Struvite ...


    By Struvite Removal

  • Effect of magnesium dose on amount of pharmaceuticals in struvite recovered from urine

    Phosphorus (P) recovery was carried out through struvite precipitation from urines. Human urine, however, contains not only high nutrients for plants, such as P and nitrogen, but also pharmaceuticals and hormones. In this work, effects of magnesium (Mg) dose (in terms of Mg:P ratio) on P recovery efficiency and pharmaceutical amounts contained in struvite were investigated. Batch-scale ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of magnesium dose on amount of pharmaceuticals in struvite recovered from urine

    Phosphorus (P) recovery was carried out through struvite precipitation from urines. Human urine, however, contains not only high nutrients for plants, such as P and nitrogen, but also pharmaceuticals and hormones. In this work, effects of magnesium (Mg) dose (in terms of Mg:P ratio) on P recovery efficiency and pharmaceutical amounts contained in struvite were investigated. Batch-scale ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Recovery of nitrogen from saponification wastewater by struvite precipitation

    In general, saponification wastewater produced from the separation process of rare-earth elements contains high ammonium concentration. In this study, a series of experiments were conducted to investigate the parameters to enhance the struvite precipitation potential for ammonium removal from the wastewater having an ammonium concentration of 4,100 mg/L. Experimental results showed that ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Struvite Formation & Struvite Wastewater Treatment

    The three chemical components for Struvite formation are magnesium, ammonia and phosphorus, also known as MAP for short. Struvite’s chemical formula is NH4MgPO4·6H2O. WWTP managers have used a number of different products and techniques for Struvite removal, and to prevent Struvite formation. Most text books on Struvite control talk about the use of ferric chloride (FeCl3) to control ...


    By Struvite Removal

  • Removal of ammonium from aqueous solutions using the residue obtained from struvite pyrogenation

    This paper reports the results of laboratory studies on the removal of ammonium from aqueous solutions using struvite pyrogenation residues. A series of experiments were conducted to examine the effects of the pyrogenation temperature (90–210 °C) and time (0.5–4 h) on the ammonium release of struvite. In addition, the pyrolysate of struvite produced at different pyrogenation temperatures and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A Struvite Control and Phosphorus Removal Process for Centrate: Full-Scale Testing

    ABSTRACTThe North End Water Pollution Control Centre (NEWPCC) in Manitoba, Canada serves a population of approximately 380,000. The dry weather flow to the NEWPCC is approximately 175 ML/d (46 MGD). The plant uses anaerobic digestion and centrifuge dewatering in its solids treatment train. The centrate stream comprises approximately 20 percent of the plant’s phosphorus load. The plant suffers ...

  • Struvite belt press removal case study

    A wastewater treatment plant near Flagstaff, AZ was experiencing problems with keeping their belt aligned on the belt press. The belt press was in operation 4 days per week for 6 hours per day. The flow rate was 150 gallons per minute (gpm). Upon close inspection of the belt press system, the maintenance staff observed scale deposits on the rollers, pan and filtrate lines. Samples were taken for ...


    By Struvite Removal

  • Recovering phosphorus as struvite from the digested swine wastewater with bittern as a magnesium source

    Recovering nitrogen and phosphorus through struvite (MgNH4PO4·6H2O) crystallization from swine wastewater has gained increasing interest. However, swine wastewater contains complex compositions, which may hinder the formation of struvite crystal and affect the purity of the precipitates by forming other insoluble minerals. In this work, experiments were carried out to evaluate struvite ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Struvite and Vivianite Screw Presses and Heat Exchanger Removal case study

    A regional wastewater treatment plant in Sonoma County was experiencing problems with struvite on their screw presses and vivianite on their heat exchangers. The design plant flow rate is 7.9 mg/day. They were using 7 mg/L to 10 mg/L (dry basis) of ferric chloride to control hydrogen sulfide and improve solids removal in the primary clarifier. The plant maintenance staff was forced to shut down ...


    By Struvite Removal

  • Phosphorus removal from anaerobically digested swine wastewater through struvite precipitation

    Phosphorus removal from agricultural wastewater streams is an important aspect of managing surface water quality, due to the contribution of phosphorus to eutrophication. Removal of phosphorus through struvite precipitation allows for its recovery as a potential fertilizer, and by determining the best conditions for struvite precipitation the removal process can be optimized. The effects of pH, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • City of Orlando Wastewater Treatment Plant Belt Filter Press Struvite Scale Control & Enhanced Flocculation case study

    Five month evaluation of Hydropath technology’s ability to treat magnesium ammonium phosphate hexahydrate (Struvite, NH₄MgPO₄•6H₂O) scale and to enhance flocculation resulting in reduced polymer usage Location: City of Orlando Wastewater Treatment Plant. Address: 5100 LB McLeod Rd., Orlando, FL 32811 Application: Struvite accumulation in ...


    By HydroFLOW USA

  • Struvite Remover centrifuge cleaning case study

    This is a study conducted using Struvite Remover on the outer shell of a centrifuge. In this study, they want to use Struvite Remover on the deposits and keep the buildup soft and easy to remove. Using Struvite Remover in a Hudson sprayer daily, they were able to keep the centrifuge clean.The study conducted was a total of 10 days with great changes noticed in the process, ...


    By Struvite Removal

  • Prediction of Strutive Formation Potential in EBPR Digested Sludges

    ABSTRACTLow operating costs and less sludge generation associated with EBPR (Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal) have led existing wastewater treatment plants to retrofit their phosphorus removal systems and have encouraged new plants to incorporate EBPR into their design. However, in plants that use anaerobic digestion, the introduction of EBPR may result in the formation of scales of the ...

  • Three years of operation of North America's first nutrient recovery facility

    The first full-scale nutrient recovery installation in North America became operational in May 2009 at the Clean Water Service's Durham Advanced Wastewater Treatment Plant in Tigard, Oregon. Recovering ammonia and phosphorus from the dewatering side stream as struvite has a positive impact on plant operations. Significantly reducing the phosphorus recycle lowers the phosphorus loading on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nitrogen removal and recovery from human urine by struvite precipitation

    In this study, struvite precipitation of human urine was experimentally studied on both synthetic and actual urine samples. One of the main conclusions of the study was that removal of the ions constituting struvite from the solution was not in proportion with the stoichiometry of the solid and excess magnesium and phosphate removals varied from 2.5% to 4.8% on a molar basis. Redissolution of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Struvite crystallization versus amorphous magnesium and calcium phosphate precipitation during the treatment of a saline industrial wastewater

    Struvite crystallization (MgNH4PO4·6H2O, MAP) could be an alternative for the sustainable and economical recovery of phosphorus from concentrated wastewater streams. Struvite precipitation is recommended for those wastewaters which have high orthophosphate concentration. However the presence of a cheap magnesium source is required in order to make the process feasible. For those wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Struvite Formation, Prediction and Locations.

    Struvite formation occurs when magnesium, ammonium and phosphate hexahydrate whose elemental composition of magnesium ammonia and phosphate forms in water combine in the exact chemical formulation as expressed by equation Mg2+ + NH4+ + HPO42- + 2H2O MgNH4PO4•6H2O + H+.This is the chemical term and formulation for struvite.This article goes over how Struvite is formed, the parameters for ...


    By Struvite Removal

  • Struvite Removal & Vivianite Removal Case Study- Heat Exchanger and Screw Press

    A regional wastewater treatment plant in Sonoma County was experiencing problems with struvite on their screw presses and vivianite on their heat exchangers.The plant maintenance staff was forced to shut down the dewatering process every three (3) weeks to clean because of struvite deposits on the screen of the screw press. They also noticed that they were having a difficult time maintaining ...


    By Struvite Removal

  • Application of image processing on struvite recovery from swine wastewater by using the fluidized bed

    Fluidized granulation is one of the common methods used in wastewater treatment and resource recovery with harvesting millimeter-scale large particles. Presently, effective methods are lacking to measure the fluidized granules ranging from micro- to millimeter scales, with the consequence of ineffectively controlling and optimizing the granulation process. In this work, recovering struvite ...


    By IWA Publishing

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