struvite Articles

  • Autotrophic nitrogen removal after ureolytic phosphate precipitation to remove both endogenous and exogenous nitrogen

    Anaerobic digestion yields effluents rich in ammonium and phosphate and poor in biodegradable organic carbon, thereby making them less suitable for conventional biological nitrogen and phosphorus removal. In addition, the demand for fertilizers is increasing, energy prices are rising and global phosphate reserves are declining. This requires both changes in wastewater treatment technologies and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Innovative Approaches to RO Concentrate Management: Beneficial Reuse and Concentrate Minimization

    ABSTRACTDesalination of brackish waters and reclaimed waters using reverse osmosis (RO) is often limited by the options available for concentrate disposal, particularly in inland areas. Dewatering the concentrate is alternative approach to disposal but the available thermal and membrane technologies are still cost prohibitive for most applications. Beneficial reuse of the RO concentrate ...

  • Ethanol by-product raises biogas output

    In 2007, the City of Fergus Falls, Minnesota undertook a study to evaluate adding thick corn stillage to the anaerobic digesters at its wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). The goal was to determine the potential for codigesting syrup with biosolids to increase biogas production, while avoiding operational and regulatory problems. The Fergus Falls WWTP operates three digesters in series, two ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Resource recovery from source separated domestic waste(water) streams; full scale results

    A major fraction of nutrients emitted from households are originally present in only 1% of total wastewater volume. New sanitation concepts enable the recovery and reuse of these nutrients from feces and urine. Two possible sanitation concepts are presented, with varying degree of source separation leading to various recovery products. Separate vacuum collection and transport followed by ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Recovery of Phosphorus from Sewage Sludge

    In the following, a method to recover phosphorus from sewage sludge as MAP (magnesiumammonium- phosphate, also called struvite) is to be presented. The process uses sulfuric acid to leach phosphorus out of digested sewage sludge. After solid-/liquid-separation, interfering metal ions in the liquid phase are inactivated through complexation. For the subsequent precipitation of the phosphorus, ...

  • A retrofitted activated-sludge plant with sequential nitritation and anammox obtains dischargeable effluent

    Abstract New Activated Sludge (NAS) represents a hybrid, floc-based nitrogen removal process, based on the control of solids retention times (SRT) and dissolved oxygen (DO) levels. The aim of this study was to examine the performance of a full-scale NAS plant, which treated anaerobically digested industrial wastewater. The batch-fed partial nitritation step oxidized ...


    By Colsen International b.v.

  • Full Scale Test on Chemical P Removal During a Step Feed BNR Study at John E. Egan Water Reclamation Plant

    ABSTRACTA full scale nutrient removal study was conducted at the 30-MGD John E. Egan Water Reclamation Plant with a single-stage nitrification activated sludge process and sand filtration. One quarter of the plant’s secondary treatment capacity was used in the study. Simultaneous nitrogen removal through a step feed BNR process and phosphorus (P) removal by chemical precipitation with ferric ...

  • Codigestion In Central Florida

    New digester in the Orlando region processes 130,000 tons/year of biosolids, fats, oils, grease and food waste, producing power, a Class AA granular fertilizer and phosphorous-rich struvite. What is today a region in Central Florida teeming with theme parks, resorts, golf courses and over 50 million tourists annually was once an area considered too remote and uninhabitable for ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Phosphorus and Heavy Metal Extraction from Wastewater Treatment Plant Sludges Using Microwaves for Generation of Exceptional Quality Biosolids

    ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to evaluate how much phosphorus and metals in sludge can be released into solution by microwave irradiation when applied to sludge prior to anaerobic digestion, and to determine the effectiveness of subsequent lime precipitation. For thickened sludge, the fraction of phosphorus in the soluble form increased to 23%~28% while for unthickened sludge, to ...

  • Becoming A “Water Resource Recovery Facility” Offers Financial Benefit

    While the term “Water Resource Recovery Facility” may seem like nothing more than a trendy phrase, the name change represents a distinct shift in the role that wastewater utilities can now play. Wastewater is packed full of resources — nutrients, micronutrients, metals, grit, biopolymers, biosolids, and more — and much of that can be recovered and sold, offering additional ...


    By KLa Systems, Inc.

  • Vivianite Heat Exchanger removal trial case study

    On the vivianite-laden heat exchangers, the maintenance supervisor created a recirculation circuit and diluted JS 9325 to a fifty percent (50%) solution. They recirculated the diluted solution for 48 hours while raising the temperature of the solution to 110F. Upon opening the first heat exchanger, they observed a purple solution following by a half-inch (½”) sheet of vivianite ...


    By Struvite Removal

  • Water Reuse Terminology

    All water on Earth is used and reused, over and over, in an elegant water cycle. Water reuse occurs in various ways on a daily basis. It happens when a community’s treated wastewater is discharged into rivers or other water bodies. If you live in a community downstream of another, chances are you are reusing water from an upstream town. Scientifically proven advances in water technology ...


    By WateReuse

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