struvite production Articles

  • Struvite Formation & Struvite Wastewater Treatment

    The three chemical components for Struvite formation are magnesium, ammonia and phosphorus, also known as MAP for short. Struvite’s chemical formula is NH4MgPO4·6H2O. WWTP managers have used a number of different products and techniques for Struvite removal, and to prevent Struvite formation. Most text books on Struvite control talk about the use of ferric chloride (FeCl3) to control ...

  • Struvite Formation, Prediction and Locations.

    Struvite formation occurs when magnesium, ammonium and phosphate hexahydrate whose elemental composition of magnesium ammonia and phosphate forms in water combine in the exact chemical formulation as expressed by equation Mg2+ + NH4+ + HPO42- + 2H2O MgNH4PO4•6H2O + H+.This is the chemical term and formulation for struvite.This article goes over how Struvite is formed, the parameters for ...

  • Struvite belt press removal case study

    A wastewater treatment plant near Flagstaff, AZ was experiencing problems with keeping their belt aligned on the belt press. The belt press was in operation 4 days per week for 6 hours per day. The flow rate was 150 gallons per minute (gpm). Upon close inspection of the belt press system, the maintenance staff observed scale deposits on the rollers, pan and filtrate lines. Samples were taken for ...

  • Removing Struvite from wastewater systems

    Named after Henrich Christian Gottfried Von Struve, who discovered the magnesium ammonium phosphate crystals in medieval sewer systems in Hamburg in 1845, struvite is a major problem for waste water treatment plants. The hard, crystalline deposit forms scale on lines and belts, in centrifuges and pumps.  It also clogs system pipes and other equipment including anaerobic ...

  • How do you remove struvite?

    The photographs above demonstrates what can happen if you don’t control or remove struvite.  This is a 14” diameter line used to transfer sludge from an anaerobic digester to a sludge holding pond. Every year this agency would mechanically clean this transfer line.  However, every year plant operation notice that it took longer to transfer equivalent amounts of liquid from ...


    By Jenfitch, LLC

  • Struvite Remover centrifuge cleaning case study

    This is a study conducted using Struvite Remover on the outer shell of a centrifuge. In this study, they want to use Struvite Remover on the deposits and keep the buildup soft and easy to remove. Using Struvite Remover in a Hudson sprayer daily, they were able to keep the centrifuge clean.The study conducted was a total of 10 days with great changes noticed in the process, ...

  • How to Remove Struvite from Wastewater Treatment Plant

    There is an alternative method for removing struvite that is much easier to administer and control than mechanical grinding and spraying. Struvite Remover is a liquid solution, environmentally safe product that has proven itself to remove struvite effectively, efficiently and cost friendly. Struvite Remover is very effective with struvite removal and struvite wastewater treatment. Struvite ...

  • Enhancement of struvite pellets crystallization in a full-scale plant using an industrial grade magnesium product

    A full-scale struvite crystallization system was operated for the treatment of the centrate obtained from the sludge anaerobic digester in a municipal wastewater treatment plant. Additionally, the feasibility of an industrial grade Mg(OH)2 as a cheap magnesium and alkali source was also investigated. The struvite crystallization plant was operated for two different periods: period I, in which ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Recycled fertilizer from Struvite and Ashes - Case Study

    Fertilizers based on sewage sludge ash, bone meal ash and struvite The goal of ICL Fertilizers is to replace the use of limited phosphate rock from mines with phosphate from ashes of sewage sludge, meat and bone meal, wood and ...


    By Nutrient Platform

  • Struvite screw presses removal trial case study

    Based on the lab supervisor’s recommendation, the plant ordered two 55 gallon drums of JS 9325 for a plant trial on the screw press. They set up a spray system to meter JS 9325 on the outer surface of the screw press. During the first five (5) days of the struvite removal trial, plant operations noticed that the openings on the screens were getting cleaner. They reduced the cleaning cycle from ...

  • Struvite and Vivianite Screw Presses and Heat Exchanger Removal case study

    A regional wastewater treatment plant in Sonoma County was experiencing problems with struvite on their screw presses and vivianite on their heat exchangers. The design plant flow rate is 7.9 mg/day. They were using 7 mg/L to 10 mg/L (dry basis) of ferric chloride to control hydrogen sulfide and improve solids removal in the primary clarifier. The plant maintenance staff was forced to shut down ...

  • Recovering phosphorus as struvite from the digested swine wastewater with bittern as a magnesium source

    Recovering nitrogen and phosphorus through struvite (MgNH4PO4·6H2O) crystallization from swine wastewater has gained increasing interest. However, swine wastewater contains complex compositions, which may hinder the formation of struvite crystal and affect the purity of the precipitates by forming other insoluble minerals. In this work, experiments were carried out to evaluate struvite ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Three years of operation of North America's first nutrient recovery facility

    The first full-scale nutrient recovery installation in North America became operational in May 2009 at the Clean Water Service's Durham Advanced Wastewater Treatment Plant in Tigard, Oregon. Recovering ammonia and phosphorus from the dewatering side stream as struvite has a positive impact on plant operations. Significantly reducing the phosphorus recycle lowers the phosphorus loading on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Struvite Removal & Vivianite Removal Case Study- Heat Exchanger and Screw Press

    A regional wastewater treatment plant in Sonoma County was experiencing problems with struvite on their screw presses and vivianite on their heat exchangers.The plant maintenance staff was forced to shut down the dewatering process every three (3) weeks to clean because of struvite deposits on the screen of the screw press. They also noticed that they were having a difficult time maintaining ...

  • Phosphate recovery at Schiphol - Case Study

    Sustainable Airport Cities Schiphol's water cycle is comparable to that of a small city. The location therefore provides a good context for a pilot project with the sustainable recovery and reuse of phosphate. Removal of phosphate from wastewater from the airport and the aircraft will ...


    By Nutrient Platform

  • City of Orlando Wastewater Treatment Plant Belt Filter Press Struvite Scale Control & Enhanced Flocculation case study

    Five month evaluation of Hydropath technology’s ability to treat magnesium ammonium phosphate hexahydrate (Struvite, NH₄MgPO₄•6H₂O) scale and to enhance flocculation resulting in reduced polymer usage Location: City of Orlando Wastewater Treatment Plant. Address: 5100 LB McLeod Rd., Orlando, FL 32811 Application: Struvite accumulation in ...


    By HydroFLOW USA

  • Prediction of Strutive Formation Potential in EBPR Digested Sludges

    ABSTRACTLow operating costs and less sludge generation associated with EBPR (Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal) have led existing wastewater treatment plants to retrofit their phosphorus removal systems and have encouraged new plants to incorporate EBPR into their design. However, in plants that use anaerobic digestion, the introduction of EBPR may result in the formation of scales of the ...

  • Recovery of nutrients from digested sludge as struvite with a combination process of acid hydrolysis and Donnan dialysis

    In this study, the effects of the combination of acid hydrolysis and Donnan dialysis on the high-quality struvite production from digested sewage sludge were examined. The Box–Behnken design was applied in the hydrolysis using oxalic acid for the optimization of the conditions that affect the nutrients and metal release from digested sludge. An optimal condition was obtained at oxalic acid 0.5 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ammonia nitrogen removal from acetylene purification wastewater from a PVC plant by struvite precipitation

    Acetylene purification wastewater (APW) usually contains high concentrations of ammonia nitrogen (NH4-N), which is generated during the production of acetylene in a polyvinylchloride manufacturing plant. In this study, a struvite precipitation method was selected to remove NH4-N from the APW. Laboratory-scale batch experiments were performed to investigate the effects of the initial APW ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Energy and phosphorus recovery from black water

    Source-separated black water (BW) (toilet water) containing 38% of the organic material and 68% of the phosphorus in the total household waste (water) stream including kitchen waste, is a potential source for energy and phosphorus recovery. The energy recovered, in the form of electricity and heat, is more than sufficient for anaerobic treatment, nitrogen removal and phosphorus recovery. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

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