subsurface geology Articles

  • Integration of Subsurface Data Management and GIS to Facilitate Model Calibration

    Abstract The development of numerical codes, as well as pre- and post-processors to support these codes, has made the discipline of groundwater modelling increasingly more automated and efficient. The value of such modelling is reliant on the site-specific data used to build and calibrate the models. The integration of EarthSoft's EQuISÒ Geology and any of several popular modelling environments ...


    By EarthSoft, Inc

  • Integrated Environmental Site Characterization and Analysis: EQuIS in the Military (PDF)

    The seamless integration of subsurface environmental geology and analytical chemistry data with the latest tools and technology for data management and analysis make site characterization and investigation more efficient than ever before. EarthSoft’s Environmental Quality Information System—EQuIS—has been chosen by many military agencies and organizations for the management of analytical ...


    By EarthSoft, Inc

  • Comparison of Eight Innovative Site Characterization Tools Used to Investigate

    Environmental assessment of contaminated sites often requires delineation of the pathways of contaminant migration. Often, the pathways are strongly affected by the subsurface geology. At Vandenberg AFB in California, an accidental release of gasoline containing MTBE occurred at a base gasoline station in 1994. Dissolution of the gasoline into groundwater has created a dissolved MTBE plume at ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Aquifers and hyporheic zones: Towards an ecological understanding of groundwater

    Ecological constraints in subsurface environments relate directly to groundwater flow, hydraulic conductivity, interstitial biogeochemistry, pore size, and hydrological linkages to adjacent aquifers and surface ecosystems. Groundwater ecology has evolved from a science describing the unique subterranean biota to its current form emphasising multidisciplinary studies that integrate hydrogeology ...


    By Springer

  • Hunters Point Case Study (In Situ Gas Thermal Remediation (GTR™))

    In Situ Thermal Remediation with Gas Thermal Remediation (GTR©) is being used to remove NAPL contaminants from a former military base. The system is extracting 378 liters (100 gallons) of liquid waste every week. LNAPLs, such as fuel and oils, and DNAPLs, such as PCBs and chlorinated solvents, are being removed from the subsurface to make way for a residential development. Three permits were ...


    By GEO Inc

  • Jet A fuel soil contamination - Eaton Corporation

    LOCATION:  Battle Creek, MichiganPROJECT DATE:  January, 1993 to PresentCLIENT:  Eaton Corporation BACKGROUND: Soils and groundwater at this aircraft refueling facility were contaminated with an undetermined amount of Jet A fuel. The geology of the area is glacial outwash sand and gravel and post-glacial alluvium. The water table is located approximately 30 feet below ground level ...


    By Terra Systems, Inc. (TSI)

  • Chlorinated Hydrocarbon Treatment Using HRC® Results in Long-Term Contaminant Reduction

    CASE SUMMARY Manufacturing Facility, New York Industrial operations at this manufacturing facility resulted in a subsurface contaminant plume containing high levels of chlorinated hydrocarbons. Within the source area, contaminant concentrations, consistent with the presence of dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL), reached 480 parts per million (ppm) ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Observation of isotopes in the water cycle—the Swiss National Network (NISOT)

    The Swiss National Network for the Observation of Isotopes in the Water Cycle (NISOT) includes eleven precipitation, seven surface water (river) and three groundwater stations, where tritium, deuterium and oxygen-18 are monthly measured in composite samples. The network provides a good overview of the characteristic isotope signatures in recharge waters in Switzerland and of the relations between ...


    By Springer

  • TCE Remediation in Saprolite and Bedrock Aquifers

    Site Summary Subsurface investigations at this operating manufacturing facility revealed TCE contamination in saprolite and bedrock aquifers. The complicated site geology created the need for a remedial strategy effective in tight soil and fractured bedrock. Accelerated bioremediation using HRC was selected for a pilot study because its use offered a remedial method that would not interrupt ...


    By REGENESIS

  • HRC® Reduces Chlorinated Hydrocarbon Contamination in a Complicated Geological Setting

    CASE SUMMARY Textile Facility, Northern France A subsurface plume of mixed chlorinated solvents developed as the result of historical operations at a textiles facility in Northern France. The plume was approximately 1,000 square meters in size. The complicated geology consisted of a gravelly silt (highly contaminated) overlying a silty sand (medium contamination) ...


    By REGENESIS

  • What`s new in drilling aids: dips

    This article looks at some of the recent developments in software designed to give the driller futher assistance in his operations and to facilitate his understanding of the subsurface geology, in a variety of drilling areas: waterwell, mineral exploration, civil engineering, etc. GeoDrilling International is always pleased to hear from companies supplying and developing drilling related software ...


    By Rocscience Inc.

  • Multi-electrode resistivity survey for groundwater exploration in the Harare greenstone belt, Zimbabwe

    A multi-electrode resistivity survey, carried out over metasedimentary strata and metavolcanics in the Harare greenstone belt in northeastern Zimbabwe as part of a groundwater resources investigation, illustrates the ability of this technique to produce high-resolution images of the subsurface, which are useful for groundwater resources assessment. The resistivity results provide a clear view of ...


    By Springer

  • Gravity Method

    Gravity survey - Brett D. Smith thesis area, Colorado School of Mines - 1984Designed and performed multiple-traverse surveys across the geologic boundary between the Eastern Klamath Mountains / Cascade Range provinces. Elevation surveying of gravity stations was performed utilizing non-GPS elevation surveying equipment. All survey "loops" were properly closed and double checked for accuracy ...


    By ECA Geophysics

  • Case study: Ford Getrag

    ISTR Overview Consultant: ICF Neighborhood: Downtown Heating Tubes: 130 Target Temp: 100 ˚C Heating Period: 49 Days Target: 6 mg/kg Destruction Rate Efficiency: > 99% ...

  • Integration & Joint Interpretation of Passive Seismic Tomography, Gravity and MT Data - Case Study

    Integration & Joint Interpretation of Passive Seismic Tomography, Gravity and MT Data The scope of this project was an integrated interpretation of the Passive Seismic Tomography, Gravity and Magnetotelluric data, acquired in the Delvina Gas field area in the context of the according geophysical surveys. Although the Delvina Gas field has a marginal production, the only ...


    By SeismoTech Ltd

  • White paper - RaMPS technology explained

    1. Introduction RaMPS, which stands for Resistivity Mono-pole Profiling and Sounding, is a unique and proprietary geophysical survey and exploratory methodology developed by Willowstick Technologies by combining traditional resistivity sounding and profiling techniques into an integrated surveying method. It is not only unique in the way the data is acquired, but unique in the way the ...


    By Willowstick Technologies LLC

  • Properties and Behavior of Fuels

    Fuel contaminants are generally nonhalogenated. Information presented for nonhalogenated VOCs and nonhalogenated SVOCs may also be appropriate for many of the fuel contaminants presented in this subsection. Contamination by fuel contaminants in the unsaturated zone exists in four phases: vapor in the pore spaces; sorbed to subsurface solids; dissolved in water; or as NAPL. The nature and extent ...

  • Gas station: Stuart, Florida

    Aerobic bioremediation with air sparging Site Description Underground storage tank (UST) leaks from a gas station contaminated shallow ground- water under the property. Following the removal of the leaking USTs and impacted soils around the tank cavity, combined air sparging and aerobic bioremediation was implemented to remediate the groundwater. Site ...


    By CL Solutions, LLC

  • Use of reclaimed water and stormwater for wetland restoration on a municipal wellfield: evaluating potential impacts to public health

    The Section 21 Wellfield is located in northwest Hillsborough County, Florida. Wetlands and lakes within the wellfield have been impacted by historic wellfield pumping-related activities and local land development activities. The Section 21 Wellfield Restoration Project is a multi-agency effort designed to assess whether surface water and/or reclaimed water are viable water sources for wetland ...

  • Use of Reclaimed Water and Stormwater for Wetland Restoration on a Municipal Wellfield: Evaluating Potential Impacts to Public Health

    The Section 21 Wellfield is located in northwest Hillsborough County, Florida. Wetlands and lakes within the wellfield have been impacted by historic wellfield pumping-related activities and local land development activities. The Section 21 Wellfield Restoration Project is a multi-agency effort designed to assess whether surface water and/or reclaimed water are viable water sources for wetland ...

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