subsurface water flow path Articles

  • Subsurface transport of Phosphorus in Riparian floodplains: Influence of preferential flow paths

    Received for publication April 29, 2008. For phosphorus (P) transport from upland areas to surface water systems, the primary transport mechanism is typically considered to be surface runoff with subsurface transport assumed negligible. However, certain local conditions can lead to an environment where subsurface transport may be significant. The objective of this research was to determine the ...

  • Unique applications of MMR to track preferential groundwater flow paths in dams, mines, environmental sites, and leach fields

    Groundwater systems have been notoriously di!cult to map with high degrees of accuracy. As a result, not only have traditional geophysical methods proven inaccurate for groundwater characterization work, but they are often costly in terms of time, money, and environmental trauma. "is paper describes a unique application of magnetometric resistivity or MMR (Edwards and Nabighian, 1991) for ...

  • Low-Flow (Minimal Drawdown) Ground-Water Sampling Procedures

    Untitled Document Background The Regional Superfund Ground Water Forum is a group of ground-water ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Homeland Security for Drinking Water Supplies

    As it has done with other jurisdictions, Congress has recently passed legislation aimed at protecting our nation's drinking water resources. Historically, water supply protection has been a high priority, including reservoir protection, continuous monitoring, and secure and redundant facilities to ensure an uninterrupted supply of drinking water. The Clean Water Act (1972), requires pollution ...


    By AECOM

  • White paper on Willowstick technology used for mapping and modeling groundwater systems

    1.0 Introduction Willowstick Technology (the “Technology”) delineates and characterizes subsurface aqueous systems in complex hydrogeologic settings. It has consistently proven valuable in: 1) the diagnosis of seepage through earthen dams and levees; 2) characterizing groundwater infiltration into surface and subsurface mines; 3) tracking pollution plumes influenced by ...


    By Willowstick Technologies LLC

  • Natural attenuation potential of selected hydrokarst systems in the Carpathian Mountains (Romania)

    We examined the potential for natural attenuation of ten hydrokarst systems (HKS) in three mountain units in the Carpathian Mountains. We sampled in places where water enters below ground and where water emerges back to the surface in springs and is used as drinking water by the local communities. Water samples were used to assess the degree of chemical and microbiological pollution. Although ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Principal Component Analyses of Groundwater Chemistry Data During Enhanced Bioremediation

    Abstract  A bioremediation project has been monitored for two years at a former sour gas plant site that had ethanolamine, glycol and their degradation products in the subsurface. The active enhanced bioremediation program consisted of dewatering and bioventing. An extensive groundwater monitoring program mapped the distribution of chemical species. Principal component analysis was used to ...


  • Jackson storm cells pilot case study

    Performance History and Discussion The City of Jackson (COJ) and Jackson Water Partnership (JWP) selected In-Pipe Technology (IPT) in March 2010 to team with them and implement a beta test project. The principal purpose being to evaluate the microbial technology and benefits of the IPT professional services program for the Savanna WWTP Storm Cells. In-Pipe Professional services ...

  • Case Study: Granite Rock

    The world is changing. Consider the environment: In just a couple of decades, our knowledge of the world around us and how we affect it has caused significant shifts in the way we act. The best example of this lies with our corporate culture, as companies have to consider their impact on the world as well as their overall profitability. Industries that rely on the earth are in a precarious ...


    By Willowstick Technologies LLC

  • Natural Attenuation in Soils

    Introduction Surface and subsurface soils have different characteristics in natural attenuation. Mobile contaminants in subsurface soils diffuse into soil vapor and aqueous phase and thus are relatively easily subject to natural subsurface processes that can attenuate these contaminants. Most high-molecular-weight (persistent) organic and many inorganic contaminants will be immobilized in the ...

  • Case study: URS - Identifying remediation locations saved hundreds of thousands

    One of the biggest threats to public health today is unsafe water. A billion people across the world don’t have access to clean drinking water, in part because many subsurface aquifers have been poisoned. Perhaps the most famous example of this was the Love Canal crisis of 1978. The Niagara Falls neighborhood experienced high rates of cancer, birth defects and other sicknesses due to ...


    By Willowstick Technologies LLC

  • Edible Oil Barriers for Treatment of Perchlorate Contaminated Groundwater

    An EOS® biobarrier was designed and implemented to remediate perchlorate contaminated groundwater. The report describes the site characterization, design steps, implementation, monitoring results and lessons learned from this effective remedial approach. EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThis final technical report documents the demonstration of emulsified edible oils for remediation of perchlorate in ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Case study: Chevron - Intel gained from Aquatrack avoids a multi-million dollar problem

    Introduction Chevron didn’t become one of the world’s largest and most respected energy companies by following others; they got there by blazing their own trail. With their corporate commitment to being a responsible and environmentally friendly company, Chevron stands apart from their competitors by being open to new ideas. Chevron developed a new technique for ...


    By Willowstick Technologies LLC

  • The In Situ Bioremediation/Groundwater Remediation Process

    In-situ groundwater bioremediation is a technology that encourages growth and reproduction of indigenous microorganisms to enhance biodegradation of organic constituents in the saturated zone. In-situ groundwater bioremediation can effectively degrade organic constituents which are dissolved in groundwater and adsorbed onto the aquifer matrix. The Adventus In Situ Bioremediation/Groundwater ...


  • Enhanced Bioremediation

    Introduction Enhanced bioremediation is a process in which indigenous or inoculated micro-organisms (e.g., fungi, bacteria, and other microbes) degrade (metabolize) organic contaminants found in soil and/or ground water, converting them to innocuous end products. Nutrients, oxygen, or other amendments may be used to enhance bioremediation and contaminant desorption from subsurface materials. ...

  • Natural Attenuation

    Introduction: Natural subsurface processes such as dilution, volatilization, biodegradation, adsorption, and chemical reactions with subsurface materials are allowed to reduce contaminant concentrations to acceptable levels. Natural attenuation is not a 'technology' per se, and there is significant debate among technical experts about its use at hazardous waste sites. Consideration of this ...

  • Home, Sweet Wastewater Building

    How can a wastewater treatment plant embedded into a neighborhood not use much landmass and be environmentally friendly and user-friendly all at the same time? One system aims to do all of the above. Why should a wastewater treatment plant always have to look like, well, a wastewater treatment plant?  A visual trip through project files of Aqueonics Inc., based in Greenville, SC, reveals photos ...


    By Aqueonics, Inc.

  • An Infrastructure Grows · Decentralized Treatment and Recycling Domestic Wastewater

    THE TERM, “decentralized waste-water management,” refers to the process of treating and discharging treated wastewater in the local vicinity where it is generated. Decentralized systems typically use the soil as the final receptor of the treated wastewater instead of discharging to surface waters, which are generally the receptors of treated wastewater from larger centralized treatment plants. ...


  • A Citizen`s Guide to Bioremediation

    What is bioremediation? Bioremediation is a treatment process that uses naturally occurring microorganisms (yeast, fungi, or bacteria) to break down, or degrade, hazardous substances into less toxic or nontoxic substances. Microorganisms, just like humans, eat and digest organic substances for nutrients and energy. In chemical terms, 'organic' compounds are those that contain carbon and hydrogen ...

  • Assessing the transport and fate of MTBE

    Untitled Document ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

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