sulfur dioxide trace level Articles

  • Two Detector Solution to Analyzing Sulfur

    Sulfur compounds are reactive, corrosive to pipes, and destructive to catalysts in petroleum refineries. Sulfur emission are strictly regulated globally. When released into the atmosphere sulfur dioxide converts to sulfuric acid resulting in adverse effects on human health and the environment. Sulfur detection is found useful in many other industries; therefore, detection of sulfur compounds in ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • Remote sensing of particular pollution from space: Have we reached the promised land?

    The recent literature on satellite remote sensing of air quality is reviewed. 2009 is the 50th anniversary of the first satellite atmospheric observations. For the first 40 of those years, atmospheric composition measurements, meteorology, and atmospheric structure and dynamics dominated the missions launched. Since 1995, 42 instruments relevant to air quality measurements have been put into ...

  • Phosphate Fertilizer Plants Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Least-Cost Approaches to Reducing Acid Emissions

    ' The costs of meeting sulfur emission targets can be high. It is essential, therefore, that countries adopt policies which (a) minimize the net economic and social costs of reducing emissions to the agreed target levels, and (b) maximize the overlap between measures designed to reduce acidifying emissions and those addressing other forms of air pollution. This note discusses alternative ...


    By The World Bank

  • Lead and Zinc Smelting Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Enhanced Bioremediation

    Introduction Enhanced bioremediation is a process in which indigenous or inoculated micro-organisms (e.g., fungi, bacteria, and other microbes) degrade (metabolize) organic contaminants found in soil and/or ground water, converting them to innocuous end products. Nutrients, oxygen, or other amendments may be used to enhance bioremediation and contaminant desorption from subsurface materials. ...

  • Control VOC`s in Refinery Wastewater

    Oil and water do not mix, like many of life’s one-liners this statement is basically true but not the whole story. Many hydrocarbon liquids, particularly aromatics, have significant solubilities in water: Benzene 1800 PPMVToluene 470Ethyl Benzene 150Xylenes 150 Petroleum refineries do not like salts in their feedstock since these corrode and foul process equipment. The first refining step is ...

  • Nature’s Own - Biofiltration process offers promise of (near) energy-free pollution abatement

    A filter could be described as any substance through which liquid is passed to remove suspended impurities. Although a “biofilter” is actually not a filter, “biofiltration” is on the threshold of finding a market as a compliance solution for air pollution regulations after a number of false starts. Biofilters have long been used as a means for reducing objectionable odors in Germany, the ...


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