surface contaminant detection Articles

  • Linking drugs of abuse in wastewater to contamination of surface and drinking water

    The concentrations of 17 drugs of abuse, including cocaine, several amphetamines, opioid drugs, and 2 metabolites—benzoylecgonine, a metabolite of cocaine, and 2‐ethylidene‐1,5‐dimethyl‐3,3‐diphenylpyrolidine, a metabolite of methadone—were investigated in an urban watershed that is heavily impacted by discharges of municipal wastewater. The artificial sweetener sucralose was also monitored as ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Specifics on Surface area

    Surface area is an important property of solids with many industrial applications. Particle size is less influential on surface area than particle shape, texture, and porosity. Surface area calculated from particle size data should never be used independently. Isotherms are developed for materials to determine their behavior during gas adsorption under very cold temperatures. Characteristic ...


    By Particle Technology Labs

  • Detection of semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) in surface water, soil, and groundwater in a chemical industrial park in Eastern China

    China is suffering from serious water and soil pollution, especially in the North China Plain. This work investigated semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) in surface water, groundwater and soil within a chemical industrial park in Eastern China, for which the volatile organic compound (VOC) results have been previously reported. A total of 20 samples were collected from the field, and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Microbial reporter gene assay as a diagnostic and early warning tool for the detection and characterization of toxic pollution in surface waters

    Surface water samples constantly receive a vast mixture of micropollutants mainly originating from waste water treatment plants (WWTPs). High throughput live cell arrays provide a promising method for the characterization of the effects of chemicals and the associated molecular mechanisms. In the present study this test system was evaluated for the first time for the characterization of a set ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Detection of enteric viruses in Hungarian surface waters: first steps towards environmental surveillance

    Waterborne viruses infect the human population through the consumption of contaminated drinking water and by direct contact with polluted surface water during recreational activity. Although water related viral outbreaks are a major public health concern, virus detection is not a part of the water quality monitoring scheme, mainly due to the absence of routine analysis methods. In the present ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Detection of PCB on gauze wipes

    MATRIX: Cotton gauze pad (wipe) ANALYTE: PCB RANGE OF DETECTION: Low range: 5 to 100 mg per wipe, High range: 25 to 500 mg per wipe MATERIALS: PCB RaPID AssayÒ Kit and Sample Diluent. RaPID Prepä PCB Sample Extraction Kit. Reagents: hexane (pesticide grade). Equipment: 3 inch x 3 inch cotton gauze pads ...


  • Detection of Cryptosporidium species and sources of contamination with Cryptosporidium hominis during a waterborne outbreak in north west Wales

    As part of investigations into the cause of a waterborne outbreak of Cryptosporidium hominis infection linked to a mains water supply, surface waters and wastewater treatment plants were tested for Cryptosporidium spp. Oocyst counts in base flow surface water samples ranged from nil to 29 per 10 l. Oocyst counts in effluent from a community wastewater treatment plant were up to 63 fold higher and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Detecting Mercury in Water

    Determination of Mercury (Hg) in Water by Hand-Held, Portable Cold Vapor Atomic Fluorescence SpectrometryWater is the most familiar and most abundant compound on Earth, making up 71% of its surface area.[1]It is a vital component for all known forms of life and is the aquatic habitat for thousands of species of microalgae, fish and shellfish. [2] With the presence of running water in our ...


    By Arizona Instrument LLC

  • Contamination by Organochlorine Pesticides from Rivers

    The contamination of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) from the selected rivers in Okinawa Island was investigated to estimate the current status of pollution in water, plants and surface sediments in these rivers. The Aja River, Asato River, Houtoku River, Kokuba River and Okukubi River were selected for this study. The concentration of the total pesticides were in the range of 0.94-231.8 ng/L in ...

  • Detection of parathion-methyl on gauze wipes

    MATRIX: Cotton gauze pad (wipe) ANALYTE: Parathion-methyl RANGE OF DETECTION: 0.08 mg per wipe (100 cm2) MATERIALS: EnviroGard Parathion Plate Kit (item #75000). SDI Wipe Extraction Kit. Protective gloves. WIPE PROCEDURE: Caution: Wear protective gloves for this procedure. Saturate a gauze ...


  • Gas Detection Best Practices at Work

    Most work place accidents could be prevented with proper working gas detection equipment. Gas detection is a critical component for safety programs for any environment; it should be given the highest priority and attention to detail to avoid any accidents and unnecessary work place injuries or deaths. Here are some suggestions on how to keep your work environment safe: 1.   Read the gas ...

  • Surface Decontamination of Navy Dye Marker by DeconGel 1101

    Abstract Surface decontamination efficacy determination of DeconGel™ 1101 on aluminum, stainless steel, and concrete surfaces contaminated with Navy Dye Marker was performed with LC/MS (Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry) according to Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) SW-846 Methods: 3500C (sampling) and 8321B (analysis). Hazardous Materials ...


    By METIS Scientific

  • Hazardous Landfill Excavation - VOC Control, Vertical Surface

    Products & Equipment Used: Pneumatic Foam Unit 1600/40 AC-912 Long Duration Foam Application summary: Management at the Adams Center (IN) Commercial Hazardous Waste Landfill detected contaminants in their secondary leachate containment system, indicating a leak in the liner system. They decided to excavate the immediate area in order to ...


    By Rusmar Inc.

  • Surface water Sulfate dynamics in the northern Florida everglades

    Received for publication August 24, 2007. Sulfate contamination has been identified as a serious environmental issue in the Everglades ecosystem. However, it has received less attention compared to P enrichment. Sulfate enters the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge (Refuge), a remnant of the historic Everglades, in pumped stormwater discharges with a mean concentration of ...

  • Effect of gaseous chlorine dioxide on indoor microbial contaminants

    Traditional and modern techniques for bioaerosol enumeration were used to evaluate the relative efficiency of gaseous chlorine dioxide (ClO2) in reducing the indoor microbial contamination under field and laboratory conditions. The field study was performed in a highly microbially contaminated house, which had had an undetected roof leak for an extended period of time and exhibited large areas of ...

  • Leaks and spills - LNAP and DNAPL detection and clean up

    Any tank can leak. Most leaks can be cleaned up and responsible operators need equipment that does what’s needed. With an ATEX Zone 0 certified interface meter site operators can successfully achieve LNAP and DNAPL detection when monitoring petrochemical sites, tank farms, petrol station forecourts, landfills or remediation sites. If site technicians detect ...


    By Geotech

  • Detection of alachlor and its sulfonic acid metabolite in water

    MATRIX: Groundwater, surface water and well water ANALYTES: Alachlor and its major soil metabolite, ethane sulfonic acid (ESA) LIMIT OF DETECTION: Alachlor: 5 ppt to 500 ppt (for 10 mL sample) 0.5 ppt to 50 ppt (for 100 mL sample) ESA: 30 ppt to 3 ppb (for 10 mL sample) 3 ppt to 300 ppt (for 100 mL sample) ...


  • Anti-fungal compounds: emerging environmental contaminants

    Azole fungicides are active ingredients in a range of pharmaceutical and personal care products, and are also used in agriculture. This study reviewed the sources, presence and risks of these compounds in the environment, finding evidence of toxic effects on aquatic organisms. The researchers provide directions for future research and warn caution should be exercised until more toxicity data ...

  • Surveillance of Influenza A and the pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 in sewage and surface water in the Netherlands

    The role of the water cycle in spreading human pathogenic influenza viruses is poorly studied and is not considered to be significant. However, gastrointestinal symptoms developed in a large proportion of influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus infected people during the pandemic in 2009 and fecal shedding was reported. This fecal route could potentially play a role in the entry of human pathogenic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Distribution of sterols and the sources of pollution in surface sediments of Ulungur lake, Xinjiang

    Domestic sewage discharged into lakes brings great pressure to the ecological environment. This study selected sediment from an inland lake as a research object to evaluate pollution of the environment. Eight sterols were used to evaluate the content of pollutants, while the ratios of sterols were used as the index to analyze the sources of pollution. The correlations were analyzed between ...


    By IWA Publishing

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