surface sampling Articles

  • Determination of uranium concentration in surface soil samples of Iran

    The use of uranium-tipped antitank shells during the Iraq war (2003) caused serious concerns in Iran and the international media over possible contamination of the Iranian environment and consequent long-term health effects. After a shell explosion, uranium is discharged by fire into the air in the form of oxidised particles, which can be dispersed over a radius of several kilometres. Gamma ray ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Two Detector Solution to Analyzing Sulfur

    Sulfur compounds are reactive, corrosive to pipes, and destructive to catalysts in petroleum refineries. Sulfur emission are strictly regulated globally. When released into the atmosphere sulfur dioxide converts to sulfuric acid resulting in adverse effects on human health and the environment. Sulfur detection is found useful in many other industries; therefore, detection of sulfur compounds in ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • A multi-method comparison of Atchafalaya basin surface water organic matter samples

    Received for publication January 29, 2008. Surface water organic matter (OM) was isolated from two distinct sites within the Atchafalaya Basin using a combination of XAD-8 and XAD-4 non-ionic macroporous resins and characterized by a suite of analytical methods, including elemental analysis, 13C cross polarization magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance, attenuated total reflectance ...

  • Purpose of Air and Surface Mold Sampling or Testing during Assessment

    As part of determining whether an indoor environment is contaminated with excessive amounts of mold and requires remediation, Indoor Environmental Technologies (IET) routinely performs air and surface mold sampling or testing. While there are many types of sampling, IET uses two of them the most: Air sampling using a “spore trap” sampler. Considerable information ...

  • Surface Decontamination of Cyanide Compounds

    OBJECTIVE:  Determine the surface decontamination efficacy of DeconGel® 1101 on stainless steel, carbon steel, and concrete surfaces contaminated with potassium ferricyanide using ICP-OES (Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectroscopy) following Environmental Protection ...


    By METIS Scientific

  • Specifics on Surface area

    Surface area is an important property of solids with many industrial applications. Particle size is less influential on surface area than particle shape, texture, and porosity. Surface area calculated from particle size data should never be used independently. Isotherms are developed for materials to determine their behavior during gas adsorption under very cold temperatures. Characteristic ...


    By Particle Technology Labs

  • Sensitive nanosilver-based spectrophotometric determination of Brilliant Blue FCF in surface water samples

    An accurate method was developed for the determination of Brilliant Blue FCF, a synthetic soluble colorant, in environmental samples. The method is based on the catalytic effect of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on the oxidation of Brilliant Blue FCF by hexacyanoferrate(III) in acetate–acetic acid medium at room temperature. Linearity of around four orders in the magnitude of concentration ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enteric viruses in surface water and sediment samples from the catchment area of Peri Lagoon, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    This paper aims to quantify human adenovirus (HAdV), rotavirus species A (RVA), and hepatitis A virus (HAV) in surface water and sediments and to determine the viability of HAdV in these samples. Water and sediment samples were collected, and HAdV, RVA, and HAV were quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR); HAdV was also evaluated for infectivity by a plaque assay (PA). For the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Surface Decontamination of Selenium (Se) by DeconGel®

    OBJECTIVE:  Determine the surface decontamination efficacy of DeconGel® 1101 on stainless steel, carbon steel, and concrete surfaces contaminated with Selenium (Se) using ICP-OES (Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectroscopy) following Environmental Protection Agency ...


    By METIS Scientific

  • Surface Decontamination of Asbestos by DeconGel 1101

    Abstract Determine the surface decontamination efficacy of DeconGelTM 1101 on linoleum tile, painted drywall and concrete surfaces contaminated with Asbestos fibers (Chrysotile fibers) was performed with Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM; ASTM Standard Test Method: D6480- 05) and Polarized Light Microscopy (PLM; EPA approved method for analysis of asbestos from bulk samples). ...


    By METIS Scientific

  • Phosphorus control protects surface waters

    Phosphorus is the decisive factor for excessive algae and plant growth in water bodies, that’s why quality standards require reductions in the amount of phosphorus released from wastewater treatment plants into rivers and lakes. In recent years, the outlet limit values have not only been reduced on national levels. Depending on the vulnerability of ecosystems, especially low target values ...


    By Endress Hauser

  • InAs nanostructures on polar GaAs surfaces

    InAs nanostructures were grown by molecular beam epitaxy on GaAs (111)B and (211)B substrates at various growth temperatures between 450°C and 530°C. Their structural properties were studied by atomic force microscopy. For the (111)B grown nanostructures, the formation of self-aligned InAs quantum dashes was revealed, which in some cases took the form of nanowires. In the (211)B case, the shape ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Ambient Air Sampling Methods

    Pollutants are nothing but any substance that may present in an atmosphere in such a concentration that it may harmful to surrounding, living organism or human being. Sampling and analysis of air pollutants is known as Air quality monitoring and it is major part of environmental monitoring. There are many advanced types of ambient air Sampling methods. we will learn here only which are most ...


    By Perfect Pollucon Services

  • Sampling moisture in the soil profile

    Patterns of water replenishment and use give rise to large spatial variations in soil moisture over the depth of the soil profile. Accurate measurements of profile water content are therefore the basis of any water budget study. When monitored accurately, profile measurements show the rates of water use, amounts of deep percolation, and amounts of water stored for plant use.Experimental ...


    By Decagon Devices, Inc.

  • Inter-laboratory validation of automated SPME-GC/MS for determination of pesticides in surface and ground water samples: sensitive and green alternative to liquid–liquid extraction

    An automated solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography/mass spectometry (SPME-GC/MS) method was developed for the determination of semi-volatile pesticides from several classes with a wide range of polarities in an environmental matrix, and validated according to the rigorous standards of a large commercial laboratory reporting data requiring regulatory acceptance with the purpose of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Introducing surface sampling threshold factor for suspended sediment transport: model development using Sri Lankan tropical highland river basins

    Estimation of suspended sediment concentration (SSC) in rivers is a prerequisite to address many issues related to hydrology. Therefore, we make an attempt in this study to introduce a low-cost technique to estimate the SSC. Both surface and depth-and-width-integrated water samples were collected and measured for SSC from eight tributaries in Sri Lanka over a complete hydrological year. A ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A New Way to Locate Seeps Into Surface Waters

    How can we determine where groundwater is seeping into rivers and bays?  Knowing seep locations can help with selecting sampling locations, identifying contaminant sources, determining whether contamination is historic or on-going, and designing remediation.  Historically, methods for locating seeps have been limited.  Due to cost, sampling can only be done at a few ...


    By SelkerMetrics

  • Sample extraction kit user’s guide

    Intended Use This extraction kit is for use with the appropriate immunoassay test kit. Each Sample Extraction kit contains the materials necessary to process twelve (12) soil or wipe samples. Test Principles The reagents contained in the Sample Extraction kit have been optimized for fast, efficient removal of compounds from soil or surfaces and convenient ...


  • Surface Decontamination of Iodine (Potassium Iodide (KI)) by DeconGel®

    OBJECTIVE: Determine the surface decontamination efficacy of DeconGel® 1101 on stainless steel, carbon steel, floor tile, and concrete surfaces contaminated with potassium iodide (KI) using ICP-OES (Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectroscopy) following ...


    By METIS Scientific

  • Surface Decontamination of Organic Bases (Triethylamine) by DeconGel 1101

    Abstract Surface decontamination efficacy determination of DeconGel™ 1101 on stainless steel, aluminum, and concrete surfaces contaminated with Organic Bases (Triethylamine (TEA)) was performed with GC/MS (Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry) according to Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) SW-846 Methods: 3500C (sampling) and 8270C (analysis). Hazardous Materials ...


    By METIS Scientific

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