surface water Articles

  • Atomic Layer Etching – Changing the Art of the Possible

    The society of vacuum coaters (SVC) deserves to be better known. It was founded in 1957 during a surge in the use of vacuum coating techniques such as sputtering and evaporation. The techniques go back a very long way: that man Edison filed a patent for coating phonograph cylinders in 1892 (It will never catch on). Did you know that the shiny surface inside your crisp packet is a vacuum ...


    By Oxford Instruments plc

  • Determination of Flow Rates in part-filled Applications using the Radar Method

    Introduction The radar measurement method plays an increasingly important role in the water and wastewater field. This is particularly reflected by the "Metering outside of the medium" trend. Flow measurement using radar which enables contactless measurements thus becomes a major focal point. It features a wide range of applications and hence is useful as permanent measurement system for ...


    By NIVUS GmbH

  • Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Membrane Filtration Systems: Common Problems and How to Fix Them

    Reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF) are membrane filtration technologies that are designed to remove solute ions and molecules from a pretreated liquid stream. Well-designed RO/NF units are compact and demand relatively little maintenance, making them an attractive alternative to conventional treatment trains. Even despite the merits of today’s efficient RO/NF technologies, it pays ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Xylem helps Italian spa go with the flow

    A case study on the termal Hotel Mamma Margherita, Abano Terme (Padova) For many people, a relaxing break in a secluded Italian spa is the ideal way to recharge. However, what many may not be aware of is the importance of a solid and reliable pumping system to keep activity above the surface running seamlessly. Hotel Mamma Margherita, situated in Padua, north-east Italy, ...


    By LOWARA - a Xylem brand

  • UV Minimises Risks for Major Food Retailers

    For many years, one of the UK’s largest food manufacturers has made it their business to be the best at producing all manner of bespoke cooked and raw, ready-to-eat vegetables and carbohydrates for their customers, who include chilled food manufacturers, food-to-go operators and, of course, major supermarkets. Being the best means not only complying with food quality standards set by ...


    By atg UV Technology

  • Do you know the two most important words required to understand oil spill booming?

    Much has been written (incorrectly) about how to deploy boom in order to protect, deflect or contain oil. We have long promoted using math and science when deploying spill countermeasures not only because it works, but because it’s faster, safer, more effective and it saves time, money and impact. What we’ll focus on in this article is the where of ...


    By Elastec

  • Tire Shredding: Alternatives to Landfills

    For many reasons, whole tires pose a major problem to landfills. The most obvious is the inefficient use of space. The actual rubber of a tire takes up only a small fraction of the space a tire occupies, and the rest of the space is wasted. A less obvious but far more serious problem is that tires may trap methane gasses when buried with other garbage in landfills. When this happens, the tires ...


    By ECO Green Equipment

  • Case Report: ESM30 in lake monitoring

    Background Wuhan is the capital city of Hubei province in central China and has 166 lakes that cover 2,217 square km (856 square miles) and approximately 25% of the city.  This surface water coverage is one of the world’s highest.   The Wuhan Environmental Protection Bureau (WHEPB website: http://www.whepb.gov.cn) is responsible for monitoring the surface water ...


    By Oceanalpha Co., Ltd.

  • Waste water: Skimming the surface

    A walk on the wild side gave the founder of a Calgary service company a new appreciation for clean water, indirectly laying the foundation for his own future. Years ago, while on the island of Borneo, Jason Snydmiller learned the super-major he was under contract to would promptly fine any contractor that left oil in local waters. Although it seemed harsh then, the rule was necessary, since ...


  • Surface Runoff

    Surface runoff is the water flow that occurs when soil is infiltrated to full capacity and excess water from rain, snowmelt, or other sources flows over the land. This is a major component of the hydrologic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Lake Taneycomo surface water intake

    Client: City of Branson, Mo. Completion Date: 1997  Services Provided Microtunneling Public information program Permitting agency reviews Air backwash system Potassium permanganate feed system Inverted bulk drum storage Architectural features Architectural ...


    By Burns & McDonnell

  • A review on interaction of groundwater and surface water

    Interactions between groundwater and surface water play a fundamental role in water resources management. The movement of water between groundwater and surface water should be investigated in view of both quantity and quality aspects of water resources. In this paper, an attempt is made to define the primary concepts of this interaction and to illustrate a case study undertaken in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Phosphorus control protects surface waters

    Phosphorus is the decisive factor for excessive algae and plant growth in water bodies, that’s why quality standards require reductions in the amount of phosphorus released from wastewater treatment plants into rivers and lakes. In recent years, the outlet limit values have not only been reduced on national levels. Depending on the vulnerability of ecosystems, especially low target values ...


    By Endress Hauser

  • Data Requirements for Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    It is common for ground water to be contaminated with the water soluble substances found in overlying soils. Many of the required data elements are similar, e.g., pH, TOC, BOD, COD, oil and grease, contaminant identification and quantification, and soil and aquifer characterization. Additional water quality monitoring data elements include hardness, ammonia, total dissolved solids, and metals ...

  • Containment for Ground Water, Surface Water, And Leachate

    Containment measures are often performed to prevent, or significantly reduce, the migration of contaminants in soils or ground water. Containment is necessary whenever contaminated materials are to be buried or left in place at a site. In general, containment is performed when extensive subsurface contamination at a site precludes excavation and removal of wastes because of potential hazards ...

  • Trihalomethane formation in ozonated and chlorinated surface water

    Abstract The relatively recent discovery of disinfection by-products has driven the main regulatory organisms to set maximum contaminant levels for certain substances in drinking water. Trihalomethanes can be deemed as the most important group of by-products in chlorinated surface waters. The present work has focused on trihalomethane formation in a full-scale water treatment plant. We studied ...


    By Springer

  • UV Experience for Inactivating Cryptosporidium in Surface Water Plants

    Untitled Document The disinfection of pathogenic microbes in drinking water has been largely successful over the last ...


    By Calgon Carbon Corporation

  • UV Experience for Inactivating Cryptosporidium in Surface Water Plants

    The disinfection of pathogenic microbes in drinking water has been largely successful over the last century due to the use of chlorination. However, research conducted in the 1970's revealed that by-products formed during the chlorination process are potentially carcinogenic and that there is a direct correlation between the concentration of chlorination by-products and the probability of certain ...

  • Assessment of heavy metal pollution in surface water

    A total of 96 surface water samples collected from river Ganga in West Bengal during 2004-05 was analyzed for pH, EC, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Cd, Cr, Pb and Ni. The pH was found in the alkaline range (7.21-8.32), while conductance was obtained in the range of 0.225-0.615 mmhos/cm. Fe, Mn, Zn, Ni, Cr and Pb were detected in more than 92% of the samples in the range of 0.025-5.49, 0.025-2.72, 0.012-0.370, ...

  • Rainfall and surface water resources of Rajasthan State, India

    The water resources in Rajasthan State are facing a crucial stage even after average/good rainfall. Temporal distributions as well as the spatial variability of rainfall within the state were investigated by applying an analysis of variance (ANOVA) test. The effect of change in catchment characteristics and anthropogenic activities on overland flow are also investigated in this paper by ...


    By IWA Publishing

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you