surface water Articles

  • What classifies as water pollution and why is it an issue?

    The UN declared 2005-2015 as the International Decade for Action ‘Water for Life’. Yet each day thousands of people still die as a result of contaminated water. This does not even take into account the millions of organisms that perish every year thank to polluted water sources. Water pollution is a huge issue that is made more so by the fact that unfortunately, water is ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Chemical Engineering Magazine: Odor Issues and Solutions for Wastewater Treatment

    Today, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of industrial operations that are located within or near small towns and even large cities. When local residents constantly smell these industrial processes – particularly from wastewater treatment — unhappy neighborhoods are generally the result. In addition, many wastewater facilities can no longer produce odors without facing ...


    By OMI Industries (OMI)

  • Waste water: Skimming the surface

    A walk on the wild side gave the founder of a Calgary service company a new appreciation for clean water, indirectly laying the foundation for his own future. Years ago, while on the island of Borneo, Jason Snydmiller learned the super-major he was under contract to would promptly fine any contractor that left oil in local waters. Although it seemed harsh then, the rule was necessary, since ...


  • Surface Runoff

    Surface runoff is the water flow that occurs when soil is infiltrated to full capacity and excess water from rain, snowmelt, or other sources flows over the land. This is a major component of the hydrologic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Lake Taneycomo surface water intake

    Client: City of Branson, Mo. Completion Date: 1997  Services Provided Microtunneling Public information program Permitting agency reviews Air backwash system Potassium permanganate feed system Inverted bulk drum storage Architectural features Architectural ...


    By Burns & McDonnell

  • A review on interaction of groundwater and surface water

    Interactions between groundwater and surface water play a fundamental role in water resources management. The movement of water between groundwater and surface water should be investigated in view of both quantity and quality aspects of water resources. In this paper, an attempt is made to define the primary concepts of this interaction and to illustrate a case study undertaken in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Phosphorus control protects surface waters

    Phosphorus is the decisive factor for excessive algae and plant growth in water bodies, that’s why quality standards require reductions in the amount of phosphorus released from wastewater treatment plants into rivers and lakes. In recent years, the outlet limit values have not only been reduced on national levels. Depending on the vulnerability of ecosystems, especially low target values ...


    By Endress Hauser

  • Containment for Ground Water, Surface Water, And Leachate

    Containment measures are often performed to prevent, or significantly reduce, the migration of contaminants in soils or ground water. Containment is necessary whenever contaminated materials are to be buried or left in place at a site. In general, containment is performed when extensive subsurface contamination at a site precludes excavation and removal of wastes because of potential hazards ...

  • Data Requirements for Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    It is common for ground water to be contaminated with the water soluble substances found in overlying soils. Many of the required data elements are similar, e.g., pH, TOC, BOD, COD, oil and grease, contaminant identification and quantification, and soil and aquifer characterization. Additional water quality monitoring data elements include hardness, ammonia, total dissolved solids, and metals ...

  • Wastewater skimming the surface

    A walk on the wild side gave the founder of a Calgary service company a new appreciation for clean water, indirectly laying the foundation for his own future. Years ago, while on the island of Borneo, Jason Snydmiller learned the super-major he was under contract to would promptly fine any contractor that left oil in local waters. Although it seemed harsh then, the rule was necessary, since ...


  • Assessment of heavy metal pollution in surface water

    A total of 96 surface water samples collected from river Ganga in West Bengal during 2004-05 was analyzed for pH, EC, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Cd, Cr, Pb and Ni. The pH was found in the alkaline range (7.21-8.32), while conductance was obtained in the range of 0.225-0.615 mmhos/cm. Fe, Mn, Zn, Ni, Cr and Pb were detected in more than 92% of the samples in the range of 0.025-5.49, 0.025-2.72, 0.012-0.370, ...

  • Trihalomethane formation in ozonated and chlorinated surface water

    Abstract The relatively recent discovery of disinfection by-products has driven the main regulatory organisms to set maximum contaminant levels for certain substances in drinking water. Trihalomethanes can be deemed as the most important group of by-products in chlorinated surface waters. The present work has focused on trihalomethane formation in a full-scale water treatment plant. We studied ...


    By Springer

  • Keoladeo National Park: highlighting surface water tensions

    Keoladeo National Park in Rajasthan, India is a world-class bird sanctuary and world heritage site experiencing serious ecological stress due to drought and upstream dam construction. In response to this reoccurring scarcity of water, Indian authorities have announced a new 17 km pipeline to divert water to the wetland. Both the dam-induced water shortage and proposed pipeline solution raise the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • UV Experience for Inactivating Cryptosporidium in Surface Water Plants

    The disinfection of pathogenic microbes in drinking water has been largely successful over the last century due to the use of chlorination. However, research conducted in the 1970's revealed that by-products formed during the chlorination process are potentially carcinogenic and that there is a direct correlation between the concentration of chlorination by-products and the probability of certain ...

  • Rainfall and surface water resources of Rajasthan State, India

    The water resources in Rajasthan State are facing a crucial stage even after average/good rainfall. Temporal distributions as well as the spatial variability of rainfall within the state were investigated by applying an analysis of variance (ANOVA) test. The effect of change in catchment characteristics and anthropogenic activities on overland flow are also investigated in this paper by ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • UV Experience for Inactivating Cryptosporidium in Surface Water Plants

    Untitled Document The disinfection of pathogenic microbes in drinking water has been largely successful over the last ...


    By Calgon Carbon Corporation

  • Cleaning mold containing surfaces

    Once a determination is made that a moldy surface can be cleaned instead of removed or demolished, what cleaning agents are effective in removing or killing the mold? Many factors influence the selection of a cleaning agent. 1). The type of surface to be cleaned: Is it porous? Hard such as cement or sheetrock? Soft, such as cloth, fabric or wallpaper? Absorbent and thick such as rugs, ...

  • Photochemical fate of the vasodilator drug pentoxifylline in surface waters

    This study is the first to comprehensively investigate the photochemical fate of pentoxifylline in natural water systems. Among all attenuation processes, indirect sunlight photolysis is very likely the primary process for pentoxifylline degradation. The combination of dissolved organic matter (represented by fulvic acid), NO3− and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Feasibility assessment of surface water disinfection by ultrafiltration

    Ultrafiltration (UF) has been presented as an alternative to chemical disinfection to obtain safe drinking water, for its ability to remove microbiological contamination. Hollow-fiber UF membranes are designed as an effective barrier to microorganisms, for their high manufacturing integrity and for the ‘potting’ method adopted to seal fibers to the feeding/extraction manifold. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Surface water Sulfate dynamics in the northern Florida everglades

    Received for publication August 24, 2007. Sulfate contamination has been identified as a serious environmental issue in the Everglades ecosystem. However, it has received less attention compared to P enrichment. Sulfate enters the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge (Refuge), a remnant of the historic Everglades, in pumped stormwater discharges with a mean concentration of ...

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