surface water Articles

  • Membrane biofouling mitigation through applying electric potential in the CF016 cell

    Membrane filtration is an effective way to remove pollutants and microorganisms from water and wastewater. However, membrane fouling lowers efficiency over time when considering rejection values and water flux.  Fouling is typically biological or particulate; fouling rate is a function of the membrane pore size relative to the size of the foulants and also the interactions between the ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

  • Studies on Geocell Reinforced Road Pavement Structures – Rajagopal, Veeragavan, Chamdramouli, 2012

    Too often, the scarcity or distance of natural resources, makes the strengthening of highway pavements a costly or lengthy exercise. Building on previous studies by Bathurst, Han, Pokharel and others, this study published in Geosynthetics Asia, provides academic proof that NPA Geocell reinforcement increases the stiffness and elastic modulus of pavements. Validation – Field ...


    By PRS Geo-Technologies

  • A new and improved courtyard at Wynberg Girls High School in Cape Town with Geoplast Drainroof - Case Study

    Drainroof, Geoplast’s solution for roof gardens made of recycled low-density propylene, was recently chosen for alterations at Wynberg Girls High School in Cape Town. Noero Architects, a prestigious architectural firm with offices in Cape Town and Port Elizabeth, conceived and supervised the project, while Abrach Construction carried it out. De Villiers & Hulme participated as ...


    By Geoplast US Corp.

  • Contaminated soils and sludge treatment plant - Case Study

    Client: Ecosistem Group, Lamezia Terme (CZ) – Italy Challenge: to transform waste into product! The Client possesses a large plant for the treatment of products contaminated with hazardous substances and materials, recycling of recovered materials and disposal of non-recyclable waste, which is considered highly ...


    By Baioni Crushing Plants Spa

  • Waste water: Skimming the surface

    A walk on the wild side gave the founder of a Calgary service company a new appreciation for clean water, indirectly laying the foundation for his own future. Years ago, while on the island of Borneo, Jason Snydmiller learned the super-major he was under contract to would promptly fine any contractor that left oil in local waters. Although it seemed harsh then, the rule was necessary, since ...


  • Surface Runoff

    Surface runoff is the water flow that occurs when soil is infiltrated to full capacity and excess water from rain, snowmelt, or other sources flows over the land. This is a major component of the hydrologic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Phosphorus control protects surface waters

    Phosphorus is the decisive factor for excessive algae and plant growth in water bodies, that’s why quality standards require reductions in the amount of phosphorus released from wastewater treatment plants into rivers and lakes. In recent years, the outlet limit values have not only been reduced on national levels. Depending on the vulnerability of ecosystems, especially low target values ...


    By Endress Hauser

  • A review on interaction of groundwater and surface water

    Interactions between groundwater and surface water play a fundamental role in water resources management. The movement of water between groundwater and surface water should be investigated in view of both quantity and quality aspects of water resources. In this paper, an attempt is made to define the primary concepts of this interaction and to illustrate a case study undertaken in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Lake Taneycomo surface water intake

    Client: City of Branson, Mo. Completion Date: 1997  Services Provided Microtunneling Public information program Permitting agency reviews Air backwash system Potassium permanganate feed system Inverted bulk drum storage Architectural features Architectural ...


    By Burns & McDonnell

  • Data Requirements for Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    It is common for ground water to be contaminated with the water soluble substances found in overlying soils. Many of the required data elements are similar, e.g., pH, TOC, BOD, COD, oil and grease, contaminant identification and quantification, and soil and aquifer characterization. Additional water quality monitoring data elements include hardness, ammonia, total dissolved solids, and metals ...

  • Containment for Ground Water, Surface Water, And Leachate

    Containment measures are often performed to prevent, or significantly reduce, the migration of contaminants in soils or ground water. Containment is necessary whenever contaminated materials are to be buried or left in place at a site. In general, containment is performed when extensive subsurface contamination at a site precludes excavation and removal of wastes because of potential hazards ...

  • Surface Water Treatment Plant, City of Clovis, CA

    Located in the northeast quadrant of the Fresno- Clovis Metropolitan Area, Clovis is situated in the midst of the agriculturally rich San Joaquin Valley. Dedicated to promoting planned growth while retaining its unique western atmosphere, the City's population has more than doubled since 1975, reaching the current level of approximately 90,000, and encompassing over 19.9 square miles in area. The ...

  • A New Way to Locate Seeps Into Surface Waters

    How can we determine where groundwater is seeping into rivers and bays?  Knowing seep locations can help with selecting sampling locations, identifying contaminant sources, determining whether contamination is historic or on-going, and designing remediation.  Historically, methods for locating seeps have been limited.  Due to cost, sampling can only be done at a few ...


    By SelkerMetrics

  • Surface Water Treatment Industry - Case Study

    “The surface treatment industry itself exists to produce durable products and to spare the environment.“ K. Hartwall Ltd. is an enterprise in the metal industry with net sales of approximately 20 million euro. The company is well known for its innovative carriage products used in the transport and storage of goods, especially foodstuffs. The primary material in carriages is steel, ...


    By Watman Ltd.

  • Cleaning mold containing surfaces

    Once a determination is made that a moldy surface can be cleaned instead of removed or demolished, what cleaning agents are effective in removing or killing the mold? Many factors influence the selection of a cleaning agent. 1). The type of surface to be cleaned: Is it porous? Hard such as cement or sheetrock? Soft, such as cloth, fabric or wallpaper? Absorbent and thick such as rugs, ...

  • Wastewater skimming the surface

    A walk on the wild side gave the founder of a Calgary service company a new appreciation for clean water, indirectly laying the foundation for his own future. Years ago, while on the island of Borneo, Jason Snydmiller learned the super-major he was under contract to would promptly fine any contractor that left oil in local waters. Although it seemed harsh then, the rule was necessary, since ...


  • Photochemical fate of the vasodilator drug pentoxifylline in surface waters

    This study is the first to comprehensively investigate the photochemical fate of pentoxifylline in natural water systems. Among all attenuation processes, indirect sunlight photolysis is very likely the primary process for pentoxifylline degradation. The combination of dissolved organic matter (represented by fulvic acid), NO3− and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Surface water Sulfate dynamics in the northern Florida everglades

    Received for publication August 24, 2007. Sulfate contamination has been identified as a serious environmental issue in the Everglades ecosystem. However, it has received less attention compared to P enrichment. Sulfate enters the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge (Refuge), a remnant of the historic Everglades, in pumped stormwater discharges with a mean concentration of ...

  • Feasibility assessment of surface water disinfection by ultrafiltration

    Ultrafiltration (UF) has been presented as an alternative to chemical disinfection to obtain safe drinking water, for its ability to remove microbiological contamination. Hollow-fiber UF membranes are designed as an effective barrier to microorganisms, for their high manufacturing integrity and for the ‘potting’ method adopted to seal fibers to the feeding/extraction manifold. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of the membrane technology to control ammonia in surface water

    Amnonium ion is effectively removed by Reverse Osmosis membranes (Brackish water, BW; Saline water, SW). The removal efficiency of ammonium ion from a solution containing ammonium ion which is not complexed is varying in the range of 5–60%. On the contrary, ammonium ion forms complexes with other ions in water and wastewater removal efficiency was as high as 99% for the synthetic solution which ...


    By IWA Publishing

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