surface water data Articles

  • Surface Water Monitoring - Case Study

    Safe operation of a Water Treatment Plant (WTP) requires careful monitoring of the water supply influent to the plant, as a guard for any substances entering the treatment works that could negatively impact treated water quality in the distribution system. One aspect of water quality that has recently garnered more attention from authorities and utilities is Natural Organic Matter (NOM), which ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • 3 Scientific Tools to Help You Better Understand Your Water Quality

    There are many ways of testing and understanding your water quality with online scientific tools and models. One such resource is the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) project run by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The project, which was founded in 1991 to develop reliable information about water sources to support decisions on water quality management ...

  • LG Sonic to automatically predict algal blooms

    LG Sonic will make use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to further develop the software algorithm which will make it possible to predict algal blooms based on water quality data automatically. Furthermore, it will provide detailed information about the intensity and the impact of the algal bloom on the ecosystem of the water body. The updated algorithm will be implemented in LG Sonic’s ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Why You Should Monitor Groundwater?

    What is groundwater? Groundwater is water that is stored below the earth’s surface. When rain or other sources of water come into contact with the ground, the majority of it travels below the surface. Though much of this moisture is then absorbed by plants or returned to the atmosphere (through infiltration), some water will travel deeper beneath the surface – where it ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Why are we monitoring nutrients at different depths?

    Recently, LG Sonic introduced the MPC-Lab, an innovative monitoring buoy that can monitor algae, physico-chemical variables, and even nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus in near real-time and at different depths in a body of water. Combined with our other monitoring tools, this system offers a unique way to detect the spatial and temporal patterns of nutrient concentrations which play a ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Data Requirements for Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    It is common for ground water to be contaminated with the water soluble substances found in overlying soils. Many of the required data elements are similar, e.g., pH, TOC, BOD, COD, oil and grease, contaminant identification and quantification, and soil and aquifer characterization. Additional water quality monitoring data elements include hardness, ammonia, total dissolved solids, and metals ...

  • Groundwater and surface water data management at Rosebery Mine, Tasmania - Case Study

    Efficient management of the large monitoring data set is paramount given licence conditions imposed on the mine. Confidence in the data accuracy is crucial in forming the basis for interpretation and subsequent operational decisions. MMG has adopted an Environmental Data Management System (EDMS) comprising the following ‘off-the-shelf’ components produced and supplied by Earth Science ...

  • Surface water Sulfate dynamics in the northern Florida everglades

    Received for publication August 24, 2007. Sulfate contamination has been identified as a serious environmental issue in the Everglades ecosystem. However, it has received less attention compared to P enrichment. Sulfate enters the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge (Refuge), a remnant of the historic Everglades, in pumped stormwater discharges with a mean concentration of ...

  • Hydraulic “Fracking”: Are surface water impacts an ecological concern?

    Use of high‐volume hydraulic fracturing (HVHF) in unconventional reservoirs to recover previously inaccessible oil and natural gas is rapidly expanding in North America and elsewhere. Although hydraulic fracturing has been practiced for decades, the advent of more technologically advanced horizontal drilling coupled with improved slickwater chemical formulations has allowed extensive natural ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Surface water mineralization of isopyrazam, according to OECD309: Observations on implementation of the new data requirement within agrochemical regulation

    Surface water mineralization studies (to guideline OECD309) are a new requirement in EU agrochemical regulation and, therefore, industry has little experience with this test. The guideline allows for a number of options within the test design, notably the options to conduct the study under diffuse light and to include an inoculum of suspended sediment. The current study was designed to ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Principal component analysis of surface water quality data of the River Drava in eastern Croatia (24 year survey)

    The River Drava is one of the major, inexhaustible water sources not only for Croatia, but also for the other European countries it flows through. This study is based on the observations of 15 water variables at three sampling stations in the lower River Drava over a 24 year period. Although the obtained results revealed an improvement of most of the parameters, the values of some of them (i.e. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of water quality indices to define surface water quality in Tehran

    Tehran is one of the capitals of the world that is not situated around a river, therefore surface water discharges into a network of natural streams and even some artificial canals. Owing to the lack of sewerage system, part of the sewage runs to the network of streams without any control. The aim of this work is to identify a baseline for the water quality, which will then help policy-makers and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Multimetal accumulation in crustaceans in surface water related to body size and water chemistry

    Many relationships of bioaccumulation of metals have been derived in the past, but verification in the field is often lacking. In the present study, the authors collected field data on bioaccumulation in caged Daphnia magna and Gammarus roeseli in 12 different contaminated brooks. Besides generating a comprehensive data set on bioaccumulation for these species, the authors also checked whether ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Nitrate Screening in groundwater and surface water aids study and management

    Tasked with monitoring a watershed covering nearly 4,000 square miles, almost 2,300 miles of rivers and streams, and a huge aquifer that provides drinking water for more than 1.2 million people, water quality monitoring specialists at the Miami Conservancy District (MCD) in Dayton, Ohio, have their hands full. The District – established in 1913 to protect Dayton from flooding – has grown into a ...


    By YSI - a Xylem brand

  • Modelling the interaction of surface and subsurface water flow by linking TOPMODEL and MODFLOW

    A coupled ground water–surface water model was used to quantify the hydrological processes in a lowland watershed. The model was constructed by coupling TOPMODEL and MODFLOW without writing new code for the integrated model. Meteorological, land use and soil type data for the Tenmile watershed, USA, were used to run TOPMODEL, which partitions precipitation into evapotranspiration, runoff and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Spatial pattern analysis for water quality in free-surface constructed wetland

    Free-surface constructed wetlands are known as a low-energy green technique to highly decrease a wide range of pollutants in wastewater and stormwater before discharge into natural water. In this study, two spatial analyses, principal factor analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis (HACA), were employed to interpret the effect of wetland on the water quality variables (WQVs) and to classify ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling NOM removal by softening in a surface water treatment plant

    Phenomenological models and hybrid phenomenological–chemometric models were developed to predict natural organic matter (NOM) removal based on the real water treatment data from the city of Minneapolis over a 3 year period. The analysis of the modeling results showed that the phenomenological model was able to capture the major variations of NOM removal but it tended to over predict the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Linking drugs of abuse in wastewater to contamination of surface and drinking water

    The concentrations of 17 drugs of abuse, including cocaine, several amphetamines, opioid drugs, and 2 metabolites—benzoylecgonine, a metabolite of cocaine, and 2‐ethylidene‐1,5‐dimethyl‐3,3‐diphenylpyrolidine, a metabolite of methadone—were investigated in an urban watershed that is heavily impacted by discharges of municipal wastewater. The artificial sweetener sucralose was also monitored as ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Supporting constructed wetlands in P removal efficiency from surface water

    The research investigated the implementation of suspended reactive filters to support the phosphorus (P) removal efficiency of constructed wetlands (CWs). The reactive material (RM) used in this study was autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC). The laboratory experiment consists of four plastic boxes filled with the volume of 10 L of artificial P solution with three variants of RM mass to volume ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of Monitoring Approaches for Selected Priority Pollutants in Surface Water

    1 AbstractLaboratories from seven EU Member States under the coordination of the Joint Research Centre and in collaboration with the Provincia di Ferrara participated in a technical on-site project during which sampling and analytical methodologies for chemical monitoring according to proposed WFD provisions have been compared. Laboratories had been invited to take samples from a river according ...


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