surface water monitoring Articles

  • Surface Water Monitoring - Case Study

    Safe operation of a Water Treatment Plant (WTP) requires careful monitoring of the water supply influent to the plant, as a guard for any substances entering the treatment works that could negatively impact treated water quality in the distribution system. One aspect of water quality that has recently garnered more attention from authorities and utilities is Natural Organic Matter (NOM), which ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • Why You Should Monitor Groundwater?

    What is groundwater? Groundwater is water that is stored below the earth’s surface. When rain or other sources of water come into contact with the ground, the majority of it travels below the surface. Though much of this moisture is then absorbed by plants or returned to the atmosphere (through infiltration), some water will travel deeper beneath the surface – where it ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Why are we monitoring nutrients at different depths?

    Recently, LG Sonic introduced the MPC-Lab, an innovative monitoring buoy that can monitor algae, physico-chemical variables, and even nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus in near real-time and at different depths in a body of water. Combined with our other monitoring tools, this system offers a unique way to detect the spatial and temporal patterns of nutrient concentrations which play a ...


    By LG Sonic

  • 3 Scientific Tools to Help You Better Understand Your Water Quality

    There are many ways of testing and understanding your water quality with online scientific tools and models. One such resource is the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) project run by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The project, which was founded in 1991 to develop reliable information about water sources to support decisions on water quality management ...

  • LG Sonic to automatically predict algal blooms

    LG Sonic will make use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to further develop the software algorithm which will make it possible to predict algal blooms based on water quality data automatically. Furthermore, it will provide detailed information about the intensity and the impact of the algal bloom on the ecosystem of the water body. The updated algorithm will be implemented in LG Sonic’s ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Surface/bathing water monitoring (Denmark) - Case Study

    In order to find the possible fecal sources to the sporadic high concentrations of bacteria, the municipality of Hjørring (DK) has set up a BACTcontrol in the ditch to monitor the E.coli levels. For this purpose the BACTcontrol is built into a movable trailer and powered by solar panels. This allows the BACTcontrol to run continuously (6 samples per day) for 7-14 days depending on the ...


    By microLAN B.V.

  • Comparison of Monitoring Approaches for Selected Priority Pollutants in Surface Water

    1 AbstractLaboratories from seven EU Member States under the coordination of the Joint Research Centre and in collaboration with the Provincia di Ferrara participated in a technical on-site project during which sampling and analytical methodologies for chemical monitoring according to proposed WFD provisions have been compared. Laboratories had been invited to take samples from a river according ...


  • Case study - Monitoring of pollution in the surface water in urban area

    Project reference Project: Pilot project in Umeå County Customer: Umeå County, Sweden Project period 2004 Nature of task: time integrated monitoring of PCBs, PAHs, OCPs, Toxicity and metals in three streams in Umeå city area. ...


    By Exposmeter AB

  • Uncertainty Analysis of Mound Monitoring for Recharged Water from Surface Spreading Basins

    This study has conceptually reviewed issues related to implementation of a groundwater mound monitoring well (GMMW) for monitoring recharged water from a surface spreading basin with emphasis on uncertain hydrogeological conditions. For this, we selected a recharge site in the City of Mesa, Arizona, that is characterized with near surface clay lenses of low permeability. A geostatistical ...

  • Using PRTR database for the assessment of surface water risk and improvement of monitoring in Japan

    In April 2003, the first PRTR (Pollutant Release and Transfer Register) was published in Japan. It is shown how the PRTR can be used to improve environmental risk assessment with the objective of reducing risk to ecosystem integrity and human health. By examining the superposition of all chemical releases into rivers, high levels of several contaminants are uncovered. Most of these chemicals have ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Data Requirements for Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    It is common for ground water to be contaminated with the water soluble substances found in overlying soils. Many of the required data elements are similar, e.g., pH, TOC, BOD, COD, oil and grease, contaminant identification and quantification, and soil and aquifer characterization. Additional water quality monitoring data elements include hardness, ammonia, total dissolved solids, and metals ...

  • Containment for Ground Water, Surface Water, And Leachate

    Containment measures are often performed to prevent, or significantly reduce, the migration of contaminants in soils or ground water. Containment is necessary whenever contaminated materials are to be buried or left in place at a site. In general, containment is performed when extensive subsurface contamination at a site precludes excavation and removal of wastes because of potential hazards ...

  • Surface Water Treatment Industry - Case Study

    “The surface treatment industry itself exists to produce durable products and to spare the environment.“ K. Hartwall Ltd. is an enterprise in the metal industry with net sales of approximately 20 million euro. The company is well known for its innovative carriage products used in the transport and storage of goods, especially foodstuffs. The primary material in carriages is steel, ...


    By Watman Ltd.

  • Remote Monitoring of Ground Water and Surface Water as Part of the IWRM-Project Dong Nai River Basin, Vietnam

    The planned research project IWRM Vietnam, Dong Nai River Basin Phase II is a joint venture project, in which multiple partners from Germany, all in cooperation with partners in Vietnam elaborate the subject IWRM in the project area of the Dong Nai River Basin in Vietnam in its various aspects. The Dong Nai River Basin is located in the south of Vietnam and is, with an area of 35,000 km2, one of ...

  • Feasibility assessment of surface water disinfection by ultrafiltration

    Ultrafiltration (UF) has been presented as an alternative to chemical disinfection to obtain safe drinking water, for its ability to remove microbiological contamination. Hollow-fiber UF membranes are designed as an effective barrier to microorganisms, for their high manufacturing integrity and for the ‘potting’ method adopted to seal fibers to the feeding/extraction manifold. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Surface water Sulfate dynamics in the northern Florida everglades

    Received for publication August 24, 2007. Sulfate contamination has been identified as a serious environmental issue in the Everglades ecosystem. However, it has received less attention compared to P enrichment. Sulfate enters the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge (Refuge), a remnant of the historic Everglades, in pumped stormwater discharges with a mean concentration of ...

  • Hydraulic “Fracking”: Are surface water impacts an ecological concern?

    Use of high‐volume hydraulic fracturing (HVHF) in unconventional reservoirs to recover previously inaccessible oil and natural gas is rapidly expanding in North America and elsewhere. Although hydraulic fracturing has been practiced for decades, the advent of more technologically advanced horizontal drilling coupled with improved slickwater chemical formulations has allowed extensive natural ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Application of water quality indices to define surface water quality in Tehran

    Tehran is one of the capitals of the world that is not situated around a river, therefore surface water discharges into a network of natural streams and even some artificial canals. Owing to the lack of sewerage system, part of the sewage runs to the network of streams without any control. The aim of this work is to identify a baseline for the water quality, which will then help policy-makers and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Removal of aluminium and iron from surface water by conventional water treatment

    Detailed source water monitoring showed large variations in the total concentrations of aluminium and iron in the Vaal Dam, South Africa, which were highlighted as a specific concern for one of the largest drinking water treatment plants in South Africa. This study aimed to better understand the presence of these metals in the source water, removal of these metals through the conventional ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Microbiological pollution of surface water in the upper–middle basin of the Reconquista river (Argentina): 2010–2011 monitoring

    A microbiological monitoring was conducted on the water at six locations of the Reconquista river, a polluted peri–urban water body of Argentina. Samples were taken from surface water of three tributary streams in the dam outlet and 18 km downstream; samples from the sediments of one of the streams were also taken. For all samples the presence and quantity of coliform bacteria (total ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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