surface water quality Articles

  • Influence of Copper Mine on Surface Water Quality

    Aras water basin is located in northwest of Iran. Sungun mine which is the largest open-cast copper mine of Iran is located in this region and is in the primary stages of extraction. The influence of mining activity on the quality of regional surface water has been taken in to consideration in this study. Accordingly, sampling was done from 5 local streams in the study area. In order to consider ...

  • Application of water quality indices to define surface water quality in Tehran

    Tehran is one of the capitals of the world that is not situated around a river, therefore surface water discharges into a network of natural streams and even some artificial canals. Owing to the lack of sewerage system, part of the sewage runs to the network of streams without any control. The aim of this work is to identify a baseline for the water quality, which will then help policy-makers and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Beyond Laboratory Research on White Rust and Passivation

    EVAPCO initiated an in-depth study to investigate the formation and control of white rust. This study, which began over three years ago, led to the development of industry-leading research equipment specifically designed to evaluate white rust formation on evaporative heat transfer surfaces. A small-scale closed circuit cooler was designed and built to replicate the dynamic conditions ...


    By Evapco Inc.

  • Spatial pattern analysis for water quality in free-surface constructed wetland

    Free-surface constructed wetlands are known as a low-energy green technique to highly decrease a wide range of pollutants in wastewater and stormwater before discharge into natural water. In this study, two spatial analyses, principal factor analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis (HACA), were employed to interpret the effect of wetland on the water quality variables (WQVs) and to classify ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evolution of a new surface water quality index for Karoon catchment in Iran

    Water quality standards are developed worldwide by national and international agencies for pollution control decision-making. Use-based water quality classification criteria and Water Quality Indices (WQIs) also play an important role in the assessment of the suitability of water resources for various applications. The present study proposes a better overall index for water quality in Iran and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Real-time control of combined surface water quantity and quality: polder flushing

    In open water systems, keeping both water depths and water quality at specified values is critical for maintaining a ‘healthy’ water system. Many systems still require manual operation, at least for water quality management. When applying real-time control, both quantity and quality standards need to be met. In this paper, an artificial polder flushing case is studied. Model Predictive Control ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A review on interaction of groundwater and surface water

    Interactions between groundwater and surface water play a fundamental role in water resources management. The movement of water between groundwater and surface water should be investigated in view of both quantity and quality aspects of water resources. In this paper, an attempt is made to define the primary concepts of this interaction and to illustrate a case study undertaken in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Phosphorus control protects surface waters

    Phosphorus is the decisive factor for excessive algae and plant growth in water bodies, that’s why quality standards require reductions in the amount of phosphorus released from wastewater treatment plants into rivers and lakes. In recent years, the outlet limit values have not only been reduced on national levels. Depending on the vulnerability of ecosystems, especially low target values ...


    By Endress Hauser

  • Data Requirements for Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    It is common for ground water to be contaminated with the water soluble substances found in overlying soils. Many of the required data elements are similar, e.g., pH, TOC, BOD, COD, oil and grease, contaminant identification and quantification, and soil and aquifer characterization. Additional water quality monitoring data elements include hardness, ammonia, total dissolved solids, and metals ...

  • Water Quality Monitoring and Assessment

    The book attempts to covers the main fields of water quality issues presenting case studies in various countries concerning the physicochemical characteristics of surface and groundwaters and possible pollution sources as well as methods and tools for the evaluation of water quality status. This book is divided into two sections: Statistical Analysis of Water Quality Data;Water Quality Monitoring ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Tools to improve water quality

    This post is part of a series on World Water Week, an annual event designed to draw attention to and discuss global water issues. Read more posts in this series. Agricultural production often comes at the expense of water quality. As my colleague, Mindy Selman, ...

  • Surface water quality management using an integrated discharge permit and the reclaimed water market

    Water quality trading is a sustainable framework for surface water quality management. It uses discharge permits to reduce the total treatment costs. For example, the case of Gharesoo River in Iran shows that the nitrogen permit market between point and non-point sources is 37% more economical than the command and control framework. Nevertheless, the cost saving may be reduced to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integrating quality and cost of surface raw water: Upper and Middle Vaal Water Management Areas South Africa

    The user-pays principle encourages use of a water tariff structure that incorporates pollution and/or depletion of a water resource because that water represents a capital resource base. Development of a tool that models variability of surface raw water quality in order to predict cost of treatment thus makes economic sense. This paper forms the backbone for an on-going doctoral study in South ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Action of cations on the leachability of bio-stimulants in a soil column at soil-water interface and its impact on surface water quality

    Excess of nutrients such as P and N causes eutrophication on the shores of lakes and ponds. Simulated soil column study showed that the physico-chemical properties of soil affects the movement of anions such as PO43- and NO3 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water Quality Modelling

    Water quality modelling involves the prediction of water pollution using mathematical simulation techniques. A typical water quality model consists of a collection of formulations ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Quality & Treatment Centers

    A look at the quality of water and the importance of inspecting the integrity of water treatment centers. Water…clear…cold…refreshing. It’s often your “go-to” beverage for quenching thirst after a vigorous activity. We are very fortunate that often within arm’s reach, rests a glass of water. Without hesitation or worry, you can pick it ...


    By Deep Trekker Inc.

  • Feasibility assessment of surface water disinfection by ultrafiltration

    Ultrafiltration (UF) has been presented as an alternative to chemical disinfection to obtain safe drinking water, for its ability to remove microbiological contamination. Hollow-fiber UF membranes are designed as an effective barrier to microorganisms, for their high manufacturing integrity and for the ‘potting’ method adopted to seal fibers to the feeding/extraction manifold. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pollution assessment of the impact of industrial effluents on the qualities of surface water and sediments of River Ona in Ibadan, Oyo state, Nigeria

    River Ona, a major river in Ibadan, into which industries discharge their effluents, was studied to assess the impact of the industrial discharge. The mean levels for some parameters gave evidence of pollution. The mean values for DO (4.9 ± 0.3 mg/l), COD (54.5 ± 0.5 mg/l), PO43− (0.47 ± 0.09 mg/l), SO42− (20.65 ± 0.85 mg/l) were reported for the upstream region, while the downstream mean values ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Principal component analysis of surface water quality data of the River Drava in eastern Croatia (24 year survey)

    The River Drava is one of the major, inexhaustible water sources not only for Croatia, but also for the other European countries it flows through. This study is based on the observations of 15 water variables at three sampling stations in the lower River Drava over a 24 year period. Although the obtained results revealed an improvement of most of the parameters, the values of some of them (i.e. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Estimation of surface water quality in a Yazoo River tributary using the duration curve and recurrence interval approach

    Pollution of surface water with harmful chemicals and eutrophication of rivers and lakes with excess nutrients are serious environmental concerns. This study estimated surface water quality in a stream within the Yazoo River Basin (YRB), Mississippi, USA, using the duration curve and recurrence interval analysis techniques. Data from the US Geological Survey (USGS) surface water monitoring ...


    By IWA Publishing

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