surface water quality measurement Articles

  • Surface Water Monitoring - Case Study

    Safe operation of a Water Treatment Plant (WTP) requires careful monitoring of the water supply influent to the plant, as a guard for any substances entering the treatment works that could negatively impact treated water quality in the distribution system. One aspect of water quality that has recently garnered more attention from authorities and utilities is Natural Organic Matter (NOM), which ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • 3 Scientific Tools to Help You Better Understand Your Water Quality

    There are many ways of testing and understanding your water quality with online scientific tools and models. One such resource is the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) project run by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The project, which was founded in 1991 to develop reliable information about water sources to support decisions on water quality management ...

  • Why You Should Monitor Groundwater?

    What is groundwater? Groundwater is water that is stored below the earth’s surface. When rain or other sources of water come into contact with the ground, the majority of it travels below the surface. Though much of this moisture is then absorbed by plants or returned to the atmosphere (through infiltration), some water will travel deeper beneath the surface – where it ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Why are we monitoring nutrients at different depths?

    Recently, LG Sonic introduced the MPC-Lab, an innovative monitoring buoy that can monitor algae, physico-chemical variables, and even nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus in near real-time and at different depths in a body of water. Combined with our other monitoring tools, this system offers a unique way to detect the spatial and temporal patterns of nutrient concentrations which play a ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Phosphorus control protects surface waters

    Phosphorus is the decisive factor for excessive algae and plant growth in water bodies, that’s why quality standards require reductions in the amount of phosphorus released from wastewater treatment plants into rivers and lakes. In recent years, the outlet limit values have not only been reduced on national levels. Depending on the vulnerability of ecosystems, especially low target values ...


    By Endress Hauser AG

  • Data Requirements for Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    It is common for ground water to be contaminated with the water soluble substances found in overlying soils. Many of the required data elements are similar, e.g., pH, TOC, BOD, COD, oil and grease, contaminant identification and quantification, and soil and aquifer characterization. Additional water quality monitoring data elements include hardness, ammonia, total dissolved solids, and metals ...

  • Action of cations on the leachability of bio-stimulants in a soil column at soil-water interface and its impact on surface water quality

    Excess of nutrients such as P and N causes eutrophication on the shores of lakes and ponds. Simulated soil column study showed that the physico-chemical properties of soil affects the movement of anions such as PO43- and NO3 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Are current phosphorus risk indicators useful to predict the quality of surface waters in Southern Manitoba, Canada?

    Received for publication April 6, 2008. Many phosphorus (P) risk indicators have been developed to assess the risk of P loss from agricultural land to surface water. Most of these indicators are designed for land and climates where rainfall-induced erosion of particulate P from sloping landscapes is the main process of P transport. No indicators have been validated in the Canadian Prairies, where ...

  • Advanced Water Quality Techniques Course

    Abstract:The development of a strategic water quality monitoring program is based on prioritizing risks to public safety and economic reality. The development of global standardized methods and protocols for automated water quality monitoring would facilitate international communication of water quality information and comparison of standardized methods and protocols. The three primary methods ...


  • EPA Revises Water Quality Criteria

    Tens of thousands of members of the regulated community from industrial facilities with air emissions and wastewater discharges to municipal wastewater treatment plants, to hazardous waste site managers may be affected by changes to the WQC. US EPA Water Quality Criteria (WQC) which attempt to protect human health and the environment associated with the US waters, serve as the basis for most ...


    By AECOM

  • Knowledge of measures to safeguard harvested rainwater quality in rural domestic households

    Given the possibility of waterborne diseases caused by inappropriate rainwater harvesting systems, a survey was conducted in Uganda to assess existing knowledge of both physical and non-physical measures that safeguard harvested rainwater. Households who had received rainwater tanks were assessed on issues related to harvested rainwater quality. The study shows that 84% of respondents were aware ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Validation of the STRIVE model for coupling ecological processes and surface water flow

    The 1D model package STRIVE is verified for simulating the interaction between ecological processes and surface water flow. The model is general and can be adapted and further developed according to the research question. The hydraulic module, based on the Saint-Venant equations, is the core part. The presence of macrophytes influences the water quality and the discharge due to the flow ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water quality is key to the success of Cardiff Bay

    Water quality has been a central theme in a redevelopment project that began with the creation of the Cardiff Bay Development Corporation in April 1987. This article will examine the role that water quality has played in the remarkable transformation that has taken place in Cardiff and explain how monitoring technology has developed to the stage whereby any person, anywhere in the world, can view ...

  • Using FTIR spectroscopy to measure hydrocarbon pollution in water

    According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF’s 2015 Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water report almost 700 million people around the world don’t have access to clean drinking water [1]. Poor water quality is beginning to return to the developed world too. The strain of population growth, intensified agricultural practices and continued industrial expansion have are ...


    By Specac Limited

  • Differential water quality in confined and free-flowing water bodies, Lebanon

    Integrated management of water resources is a major critical issue to be addressed in combating water stress in developing countries, such as Lebanon. At present, surface water is not properly used in Lebanon. This emphasises the importance of assessing surface water quality as a projected means to increase water availability. This study involves two different water bodies, the freely flowing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Scientists submit suggestions for improved European water quality

    Although the European Water Framework Directive has been in place since 2000, some say revisions are needed to help the continent achieve even better water quality. Scientists from across Europe have carefully looked at the document to determine what is needed to help make the framework more effective. The directive, which addresses water pollution, says all bodies of water in Europe — ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • REMOVING LIMESCALE IMPROVES WATER QUALITY IN POULTRY FARMS

    Water is one of the most important nutrients in poultry production.  About 70 per cent of a bird’s body is made up of water - eggs contain around 65% water. Birds are constantly losing water in egg production, so there is an obvious need for constant replenishment.  Water intake is almost twice the weight of ...

  • MIKE 11 model-based water quality model as a tool for the evaluation of water quality management plans

    Water quality models are important tools to test the effectiveness of alternative management plans on the water quality of water bodies. The main aim of this study was to develop and demonstrate use of a water quality model as a tool for evaluation of alternative water management scenarios for the river basin of Beijing, China. Considering Lao Hewan river landscape water circulation patterns and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water quality testing: solutions from catchment to waste

    Globally, over 80% of the wastewater generated by society flows back into the environment without being treated or reused.1Clean water is an essential part of daily life, from catchment all the way through to wastewater treatment, therefore analysis throughout the whole cycle ...

  • Chlorine Theory & Measurement

    Chlorine, dissolved in liquid is one of the most effective and economical semi-killers for the treatment of water to make it potable or safe to drink. Chlorine's powerful disinfectant qualities come from its ability to bond with and destroy the outer surfaces of bacteria and viruses. Drinking water chlorination is one of the most widely used methods to safeguard chinking water supplies. In ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

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