surface water quality measurement Articles

  • Phosphorus control protects surface waters

    Phosphorus is the decisive factor for excessive algae and plant growth in water bodies, that’s why quality standards require reductions in the amount of phosphorus released from wastewater treatment plants into rivers and lakes. In recent years, the outlet limit values have not only been reduced on national levels. Depending on the vulnerability of ecosystems, especially low target values ...


    By Endress Hauser

  • Data Requirements for Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    It is common for ground water to be contaminated with the water soluble substances found in overlying soils. Many of the required data elements are similar, e.g., pH, TOC, BOD, COD, oil and grease, contaminant identification and quantification, and soil and aquifer characterization. Additional water quality monitoring data elements include hardness, ammonia, total dissolved solids, and metals ...

  • Action of cations on the leachability of bio-stimulants in a soil column at soil-water interface and its impact on surface water quality

    Excess of nutrients such as P and N causes eutrophication on the shores of lakes and ponds. Simulated soil column study showed that the physico-chemical properties of soil affects the movement of anions such as PO43- and NO3 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Are current phosphorus risk indicators useful to predict the quality of surface waters in Southern Manitoba, Canada?

    Received for publication April 6, 2008. Many phosphorus (P) risk indicators have been developed to assess the risk of P loss from agricultural land to surface water. Most of these indicators are designed for land and climates where rainfall-induced erosion of particulate P from sloping landscapes is the main process of P transport. No indicators have been validated in the Canadian Prairies, where ...

  • Advanced Water Quality Techniques Course

    Abstract:The development of a strategic water quality monitoring program is based on prioritizing risks to public safety and economic reality. The development of global standardized methods and protocols for automated water quality monitoring would facilitate international communication of water quality information and comparison of standardized methods and protocols. The three primary methods ...


  • EPA Revises Water Quality Criteria

    Tens of thousands of members of the regulated community from industrial facilities with air emissions and wastewater discharges to municipal wastewater treatment plants, to hazardous waste site managers may be affected by changes to the WQC. US EPA Water Quality Criteria (WQC) which attempt to protect human health and the environment associated with the US waters, serve as the basis for most ...


    By AECOM

  • Knowledge of measures to safeguard harvested rainwater quality in rural domestic households

    Given the possibility of waterborne diseases caused by inappropriate rainwater harvesting systems, a survey was conducted in Uganda to assess existing knowledge of both physical and non-physical measures that safeguard harvested rainwater. Households who had received rainwater tanks were assessed on issues related to harvested rainwater quality. The study shows that 84% of respondents were aware ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Validation of the STRIVE model for coupling ecological processes and surface water flow

    The 1D model package STRIVE is verified for simulating the interaction between ecological processes and surface water flow. The model is general and can be adapted and further developed according to the research question. The hydraulic module, based on the Saint-Venant equations, is the core part. The presence of macrophytes influences the water quality and the discharge due to the flow ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water quality is key to the success of Cardiff Bay

    Water quality has been a central theme in a redevelopment project that began with the creation of the Cardiff Bay Development Corporation in April 1987. This article will examine the role that water quality has played in the remarkable transformation that has taken place in Cardiff and explain how monitoring technology has developed to the stage whereby any person, anywhere in the world, can view ...

  • Using FTIR spectroscopy to measure hydrocarbon pollution in water

    According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF’s 2015 Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water report almost 700 million people around the world don’t have access to clean drinking water [1]. Poor water quality is beginning to return to the developed world too. The strain of population growth, intensified agricultural practices and continued industrial expansion have are ...


    By Specac Limited

  • Differential water quality in confined and free-flowing water bodies, Lebanon

    Integrated management of water resources is a major critical issue to be addressed in combating water stress in developing countries, such as Lebanon. At present, surface water is not properly used in Lebanon. This emphasises the importance of assessing surface water quality as a projected means to increase water availability. This study involves two different water bodies, the freely flowing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • MIKE 11 model-based water quality model as a tool for the evaluation of water quality management plans

    Water quality models are important tools to test the effectiveness of alternative management plans on the water quality of water bodies. The main aim of this study was to develop and demonstrate use of a water quality model as a tool for evaluation of alternative water management scenarios for the river basin of Beijing, China. Considering Lao Hewan river landscape water circulation patterns and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Scientists submit suggestions for improved European water quality

    Although the European Water Framework Directive has been in place since 2000, some say revisions are needed to help the continent achieve even better water quality. Scientists from across Europe have carefully looked at the document to determine what is needed to help make the framework more effective. The directive, which addresses water pollution, says all bodies of water in Europe — ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Construction of a surface respository in the Ukraine case study

    As part of the shutting down of the nuclear power station in Chernobyl, a surface respository for weak to medium radio-active waste is being constructed around 30 km away from the power plant premises. The total building project JCSRM-Industrial Complexe for Solid Rodwaster Management) is sponsored by the EU and RWE Nukem GmbH, general contractors for these measures, commissioned NAUE GmbH & ...


    By NAUE GmbH & Co.KG

  • Chlorine Theory & Measurement

    Chlorine, dissolved in liquid is one of the most effective and economical semi-killers for the treatment of water to make it potable or safe to drink. Chlorine's powerful disinfectant qualities come from its ability to bond with and destroy the outer surfaces of bacteria and viruses. Drinking water chlorination is one of the most widely used methods to safeguard chinking water supplies. In ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • ppb Dissolved oxygen measurement

    Dissolved oxygen (D.O.) measurement is one indicator of water quality because oxygen is a common element contributing to corrosion reactions. This corrosion reaction provides the need for low level D.O. control since dissolved oxygen is responsible for costly replacement of piping and equipment by corrosive attack on metah. what is Dissolved Oxygen? Dissolved axygan (D.O.f is the ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Application of a flat surface ph electrode to demonstrate the effect of lime addition point relocation on mixing quality and ph decay of lime stabilized biosolids

     ABSTRACT Uniform lime incorporation into sewage sludge is critical for biosolids lime stabilization processes. There is no Class B biosolids regulation for lime incorporation. The slurry method is currently used to evaluate the pH of limed biosolids, but this method homogenizes the biosolids and potentially masks poor lime mixing. In this study, a flat surface pH electrode was used in ...

  • Measuring sporadic gastrointestinal illness associated with drinking water – an overview of methodologies

    There is an increasing awareness that drinking water contributes to sporadic gastrointestinal illness (GI) in high income countries of the northern hemisphere. A literature search was conducted in order to review: (1) methods used for investigating the effects of public drinking water on GI; (2) evidence of possible dose–response relationship between sporadic GI and drinking water consumption; ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impacts of fertilization on water quality of a drained pine plantation: a worst case scenario

    Received for publication December 8, 2008. Intensive plantation forestry will be increasingly important in the next 50 yr to meet the high demand for domestic wood in the United States. However, forest management practices can substantially influence downstream water quality and ecology. This study analyses, the effect of fertilization on effluent water quality of a low gradient drained coastal ...

  • An investigation into heavy metal variations in surface water sources of some villages around Kocaeli-Golcuk, Turkey

    Natural spring resources, other fresh water and used water related to natural springs have an important influence in Turkey and elsewhere. The value of water resources can be affected by pollution of the water by organic, inorganic, heavy metal, radioactive and biological substances. The rapid increase in pollution in Golcuk, a town of Kocaeli in the Marmara Region, and its surrounding area, is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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