sustainable sanitation Articles

  • Sustained Access To Improved Sanitation

    Sanitation is vital for the betterment of public health and social development. The General Assembly of the United Nations and the Human Rights Council agree to the resolution (A/HRC/15/L.14 September 2010) that access to sanitation is a human right. The Human Right to Sanitation is derived from the right to an adequate standard of living and inextricably related to the right to the highest ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Building Sustainable Sanitation Systems

    A low cost system of resource management such as composting toilets is helping to mitigate many of Haiti’s social and ecological challenges. The Caribbean Republic of Haiti — the poorest, most environmentally degraded country in the Western Hemisphere with a population of about 10 million — is a case study in forestry and soil fertility mismanagement. A colonial ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Ecological Sanitation: An Alternative Route to Sustainable Livelihoods

    Basically this article focus on the generation of sewage their safe disposal. Some modified conventionl method, thier applicablity, suitability also mentioned here. How these methods also uplift the livelihood of rural population. Ecological sanitation is an attempt to move away from linear solutions of waste disposal towards systems based on a circular flow of nutrients. It considers human ...


  • Sustainable and resilient sanitation service chains in Maputo

    The SPLASH Sanitation Programme aims to address urban sanitation challenges at scale in in sub-Saharan Africa by developing solutions that focus on the entire sanitation service delivery chain. The research programme is funded by the Austrian Development Cooperation (ADC), the Department for International Development (DFID), Ministrère des Affaires Étangères et ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ecological sanitation: An alternative route to sustainable livelihoods

    Most of the cities in Nepal,  except  Kathmandu,  the sewerage system  and onsite sanitation system are very poor due to improper management, less attention, and lack of political commitment of Gevernments of Nepal. The planned and safe disposal of human excreta is a must for preventing drinking water from pollution and conserving soil fertility. The conventional linear ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Are constructed treatment wetlands sustainable sanitation solutions?

    The main objective of sanitation systems is to protect and promote human health by providing a clean environment and breaking the cycle of disease. In order to be sustainable, a sanitation system has to be not only economically viable, socially acceptable and technically and institutionally appropriate, but it should also protect the environment and the natural resources. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bio-toilets: Sustainable Solution to India’s Sanitation Challenge

    Sanitation facilities in India are alarming with over 600 million people (half of India's population) having no access to toilets. People are forced to defecate in the open. This poses health hazards, raises environmental concerns and leads to water contamination. This is coupled with the Indian Railways’s open-chute toilet system wherein the human waste drops on the rail tracks. Untreated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Long-term sustainability of improved sanitation in rural Bangladesh

    Sanitation needs are significant in Bangladesh, which is the most densely populated country in the world and one of the poorest. Adding to the challenge, about one-third of Bangladesh experiences annual floods and other parts of the country suffer seasonal water shortages. All of these factors have implications for the ability of rural Bangladeshis to construct and maintain latrines. Improving ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Slum sanitation program

    Greater Mumbai hosts a population of more than 16million. Prior to the Slum Sanitation Program (SSP), sanitation improvement schemes for the slum dwellers were implemented by the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) through a supply-driven approach. Subsequently, 80% of publicly constructed toilet blocks were found not to be functioning and thus incapable ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessing sanitation service levels

    Conventional sanitation ladders rank sanitation in increasing complexity of technological options. However, sanitation improvement is not as straightforward as the concept of “a ladder” with incremental improvements, might suggest. For example, from the user perspective, a VIP toilet may in some circumstances be a better option than a septic tank system. There is a wide gap between ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The sanitation ladder – a need for a revamp?

    The sanitation ladder is a useful tool that is being used to monitor progress towards the sanitation target of the MDGs. This tool could be even more useful if it can be refined to be based on the functions of sanitation systems rather than on a hierarchy of predefined sanitation technologies. This paper presents a seven-rung function-based sanitation ladder where the functions can be broadly ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Project: Slum Sanitation Project

    Through investment by s and the support and creation of competent Community Based Organizations (CBOs) and Small Local Business Enterprises (SLBEs), community toilet blocks were constructed and set up in Mumbai for slum dwellers under the  (SSP). Prior to its implementation; awareness and education campaigns were initiated throughout , willingness to pay (WTP) surveys were carried out, and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sustainability and the indispensability of politics: a study of sanitation partnerships in urban India

    The chronic absence of hygienic sanitation for many urban Indians and the resultant contamination of surface water sources are a major cause for the poor environmental condition in most cities in India. In the past decade, public?private partnerships have been presented as an innovative strategy to rectify this pervasive problem. Numerous partnerships to improve sanitation have been launched in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The effectiveness and sustainability of two demand-driven sanitation and hygiene approaches in Zimbabwe

    Since 2000 a number of community-driven sanitation approaches have emerged that counter a historical trend to subsidise the provision of latrines to the poor. This study reports on a set of findings and conclusions concerning the effectiveness and sustainability of two such approaches operating in Zimbabwe, the community health club (CHC) approach and community-led total sanitation (CLTS). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The sustainability performance of the water and sanitation services in Santiago de Chile

    The water and sanitation sector in the Metropolitan Region of Santiago de Chile (MRS) is mainly privately owned or operated. The sector prides itself on having a modern and effective regulatory framework. Nevertheless there are still sustainability deficits existing as far as governance structures and integrated water resource management are concerned. This paper analyzes the sustainability ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sustainable sanitation services for all: how to involve the different political levels to implement an integrated sanitation chain approach

    Sanitation is vital for the betterment of public health and social development. But in low and middle income countries, billions of people still lack access to improved sanitation and sustainable sanitation service delivery. Evacuation and treatment are also rarely taken into consideration. And in developed countries, a great deal of efforts still needs to be made in order to prevent poor ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pollution and Sanitation Problems as Setbacks to Sustainable Water Resources Management in Freetown

    The civil conflict in Sierra Leone (19912001) caused a dramatic increase in the population of Freetown. This population increase overstretched housing facilities, leading to the creation of camps and many squatter settlements with poor sanitation practices. Overcrowding has become a serious concern in light of the acute water shortage that struck Freetown in May and June 2006. Some of the ...

  • Towards sustainable sanitation – the HAMBURG WATER Cycle in the settlement Jenfelder Au

    One of the largest urban development projects at present in Hamburg is the conversion of former military barracks into a new residential area for about 630 households, called Jenfelder Au. The urban design concept for this 35 ha area follows a high quality approach to develop a carbon-neutral, attractive neighbourhood for approx. 2,000 inhabitants abundant with green space and urban water. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Foundemental of Modern Ecological Sanitation (EcoSan)

    Ecological Sanitation (also: EcoSan, Sustainable Sanitation, Alternative Sanitation) is a sanitation approach which aims at collecting the different waste streams separately at source and treating them individually with the objective of recovering valuable nutrients andreusing the clarified water. Ecological sanitation technologies are based on the following three fundamental aspects : ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mitigating the global water and sanitation challenges

    The provision of Water and Sanitation Services is of paramount importance as it provides the foundation for sustainable development. Global trends show provision of water and sanitation services is still inadequate: 1.1 billion people have no access to safe water services, and 2.6 billion have no access adequate sanitation services the provision of water and sanitation services in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

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