swimming pool and spa Articles

  • Chemistries of Ozone for Municipal Pool and Spa Water Treatment

    Ozone generated by ultraviolet (UV) radiation is used in North America for treating (mostly residential) spa and pool waters almost exclusively, while only a handful of North American municipal pools and spas are using ozone generated by corona discharge technology in accordance with well–established German teachings. On the other hand, several thousand European municipal swimming pools and ...


    By Absolute Systems Inc.

  • An overview of pool and spa regulations in Mediterranean countries with a focus on the tourist industry

    The Mediterranean area is densely populated and a very popular tourist destination. This study aimed at gathering up-to-date information on current national pool and spa regulations. We formulated and duly distributed to 20 Mediterranean countries a questionnaire divided into two sections: for pool and spa facilities, respectively. The questionnaire was formulated in such a way that a positive ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • atg UV provide solution to chemical balance in swimming pool applications - Case Study

    Client: Gloucester Institute of Technology   Location: Gloucester, USA Service: Swimming Pool UV Disinfection Description: atg UV provide solution to poor water quality due to high levels of chloramines. The Gloucester Institute of Technology has chosen a state-of-the-art atg UV Technology Ultraviolet water ...


    By atg UV Technology

  • Xylem helps Italian spa go with the flow

    A case study on the termal Hotel Mamma Margherita, Abano Terme (Padova) For many people, a relaxing break in a secluded Italian spa is the ideal way to recharge. However, what many may not be aware of is the importance of a solid and reliable pumping system to keep activity above the surface running seamlessly. Hotel Mamma Margherita, situated in Padua, north-east Italy, ...


    By LOWARA - a Xylem brand

  • Ozone is Not Just for Residential Potable Water Treatment

    It has been over 170 years since the d iscovery of the ozone (O3) molecule. Since that time, scientists and engineers have been testing and evaluating ways to use ozone in many different processes, from water and air treatment to surface and food sanitation. The evolution was somewhat slow in the early days, taking nearly 50 years before Europeans found, in 1886, that ozone could be used for ...


    By ClearWater Tech LLC

  • Hyatt Tamaya, Aquatics

    Situated between Santa Fe and Albuquerque, N.M., at the base of the Ly Sandia Mountains, the Hyatt Regency Tamaya Resort and Spa offers guests a myriad of opportunities for luxurious and refreshing aquatic experiences. Whether a tranquil spa visit, fun in the plaza pool, a mid-winter swim in the outdoor, heated Kiva pool or a relaxing moment in the whirlpool, visitors cannot help but become ...

  • Profile of Ozone/Bromine Sanitation Systems for City of Tucson Municipal Pools

    Due to the inherent risks associated with the use of chlorine gas as a sanitizer for the City of Tucson’s twenty-six municipal swimming pool sites, I found myself in search of an alternative water sanitation method. The challenge was clear; find a system that would be safer to manage than gas chlorine, yet yield the same favorable sanitation and water quality results. Since all the sites ...


    By ClearWater Tech LLC

  • BioSense a Biofilm Monitor and Controller

    Abstract Biofilms (slime) can form on virtually every nonshedding surface, in a nonsterile aqueous environment i.e. anywhere where a water source is present; such as cooling/heating systems, swimming areas and in drinking water purification. These Biofilms can cause a myriad of problems including; harbouring harmful bacteria such as Legionella, inducing corrosion, and reducing ...


    By Sensara, SL

  • Sanitation Using Ozone & Chlorine

    For nearly 100 years, ozone has been used all over the world for water sanitation. It is nature’s strongest oxidizer and has a byproduct of pure oxygen. Chlorine, on the other hand, is a very effective, time-proven chemical, but is ineffective against hard-to-kill microorganisms such as cryptosporidium. It also has some unpleasant byproducts. Together, however, these two substances can ...


    By ClearWater Tech LLC

  • Carlos Perea`83 `Water is life.`

    Incorporated in 1994, MIOX uses mixed-oxidant technology, originally developed in 1982 by Los Alamos Technical Associates (LATA), to purify water. At the time, LATA was under contract to the U.S. Army to create a portable unit to disinfect water anywhere in the world without requiring dangerous or difficult-to-obtain chemicals. The first patent for the MIOX technology was issued in 1988, and the ...

  • UV technology - unique in water disinfection

    Due to its undisputable Success &  Efficiency in destroying Cryptosporidium and Combined Chlorine, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Recommend installing UV Systems It has taken many years of testing to convince the pool market that the most reliable and best available option for treating and disinfecting water is through using Ultraviolet (UV) technology. UV systems ...


    By ESCO International (EI)

  • Chlorine Safety and Prevention: How to Protect Yourself from Chlorine Leaks

    While chlorine gas is widely used in swimming pools, water treatment facilities, cleaning products, pharmaceutical products, and in many other industries, the gas is highly toxic when handled improperly. Training your workers on how to safely use chlorine is one part of health and safety best practices; monitoring your workplace for chlorine leaks is another. Learn about the hidden dangers in ...

  • Membrex Membrane Bioreactor - Croisières AML, QC, Canada

    Customer: Croisières AML Croisières AML is the most important cruise-expedition company in Canada. With a fleet of 18 boats located in 8 different ports in the province, near 650 employees welcome 500,000 passengers every year. In order to obtain from Transport Canada all the certifications and permits that are needed, each of their ships must meet very specific ...


    By Premier Tech Aqua

  • NIROBOX™ Seawater Desalination for Coastal Resort - Case Study

    PROJECT DETAILS LOCATION Guanacaste Province, Costa Rica CUSTOMER Reserva Conchal SOLUTION NIROBOX™ Containerized Seawater Desalination TECHNOLOGIES Disc Filtration, Ultrafiltration, Reverse Osmosis, and Remineralization Due to an ongoing local drought, Reserva ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Blending microbes demands gentle touch

    Environmental-restoration product manufacturer requires fast, uniform, gentle blending of powdered microbes, enzymes and nutrients The microbial formulations that United-Tech, Inc. produces are used to break down or detoxify a broad array of complex, often-toxic organic compounds, greasy spills and other contaminants in a variety of ...

  • IAQ investigators often overlook Bacteria as the Root Cause of Occupant Complaints

    Untitled Document Many investigators have been dealing with mold issues the last few years and may have been overlooking bacteria as the underlying microbial problem. Bacteria ...


    By EMSL Analytical, Inc.

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