swimming pool filter Articles

  • Water consumption in a public swimming pool

    Swimming pools are heavy consumers of potable water and energy in cities. Despite this, the lack of monitoring requirements produces a lack of references for their water consumption. This paper aims to fill this gap by presenting a case-study water consumption analysis of a public swimming pool in the city of Bologna (Italy). After upgrading the water fixtures and filters in summer 2012, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Review of swimming-associated cryptosporidiosis and Cryptosporidium oocysts removals from swimming pools

    In this paper, outbreaks of cryptosporidiosis in swimming pools in the last 20 years are summarized. Cryptosporidium oocysts are very resistant to many disinfectants, including chlorine, one of the most widely-used disinfectants in swimming pools. Ozone or UV is shown to inactivate Cryptosporidium, while not effective to newly introduced Cryptosporidium and bacteria because of no residual ozone ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hong Kong University of Science & Technology Outdoor Swimming Pool

    The Site: The outdoor swimming pooi has three sand filters, two carbon filters and one ozonator. The ozonator broke down regularly, whenever the temperature in the operating room was too high. The Ozonator was used because management wanted to reduce the chiorine dosage from 3ppm to lppm. Back washing frequency of the sand filters was weekly and the carbon in the carbon filters was replaced ...

  • Hot springs swimming pool: Glenwood Springs, Colorado case study

    Ozone Water Treatment, Color Removal and Ozone Purification In 1991, the Hot Springs Pool and Lodge Resort installed a DIN-Standard ozonation system for treating the world’s largest hot springs-fed swimming pool. The following main reasons were responsible for this decision: The suppliers of gaseous chlorine had dwindled down to a single source, as it had become ...


    By BiOzone

  • A pilot-scale study of Cryptosporidium-sized microsphere removals from swimming pools via sand filtration

    Cryptosporidium species are the most common cause of gastrointestinal illness in treated recreational water venues. In order to protect public health during swimming, Cryptosporidium-sized microsphere removals by high-rate sand filtration with six coagulants were evaluated with a 5.5 m3 pilot-scale swimming pool. A sand filter without ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ecological swimming pond case study

    In spring 2009 LG Sound installed an LG Sonic in an ecological swimming pond in France. This pond has been suffering from the growth of filamentous algae for a long period of time. Even when the algae where removed, they grew back within a couple of days. Swimming or any other recreational use was made impossible in this pond. The LG Sonic products can shift the balance in a watery ecosystem to a ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Nanofiltration for enhanced removal of disinfection by-product (DBP) precursors in swimming pool water–retention and water quality estimation

    Three nanofiltration (NF) membranes with a chlorine tolerance ≥ 1 mg L-1 were applied to reduce DBPs and their precursors in swimming pool water. A lab scale plant with crossflow modules was installed in by-pass at the sand filter outlet of a swimming pool for a period of several weeks. The chlorine tolerances of the membranes SB90 and NP030 were found to be adequate for filtration under swimming ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Florida SunSentinel.com mentions our pool check strips

    When Midwesterner Ken Christensen came to Florida, he moved into a house with a pool and was baffled. Christensen, author of the Romantic America series of travel books that focused on romantic places to stay, was a creative guy. Chemistry was never his forte. Blindly, he brought his water samples to the pool store, they told him what to do and he did it. But the Sept. 11 tragedy's impact ...

  • Profile of Ozone/Bromine Sanitation Systems for City of Tucson Municipal Pools

    Due to the inherent risks associated with the use of chlorine gas as a sanitizer for the City of Tucson’s twenty-six municipal swimming pool sites, I found myself in search of an alternative water sanitation method. The challenge was clear; find a system that would be safer to manage than gas chlorine, yet yield the same favorable sanitation and water quality results. Since all the sites ...

  • Disposable swim diaper retention of Cryptosporidium-sized particles on human subjects in a recreational water setting

    Cryptosporidium is a chlorine-resistant protozoan parasite responsible for the majority of waterborne disease outbreaks in recreational water venues in the USA. Swim diapers are commonly used by diaper-aged children participating in aquatic activities. This research was intended to evaluate disposable swim diapers for retaining 5-μm diameter polystyrene microspheres, which were used as ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • AZUD HELIX AUTOMATIC filters are specially suitable for high flow solutions.

    The 4DCL, 400 and 200-300 series are in-line self cleaning equipment with disc filtering elements, with High Density Polyethylene manifolds, that provides a high resistance with easier handling and installation. AZUD HELIX AUTOMATIC filters are indicated for high flow solutions in industry applications like cooling towers, swimming pools or purifying plants. The main advantages of AZUD HELIX ...


    By Sistema Azud, S.A.

  • Major refurbishment for Herefords premier leisure club

    Wye Leisure is Herefordshire’s premier health & leisure club. The facilities of the club include 3 swimming pools with adult only and family pool halls, 4 saunas, 3 steam rooms, 4 spa pools, an outdoor area with spa pool and sauna and a fully equipped gymnasium. The Leisure Club has just completed a complete refurbishment of its filtration plant and chemical dosage system which is in line to ...


  • The best alternative to the protection of the UF membranes - Case Study

    Advance solutions to the recirculation of water in swimming pools. Problem The public swimming pools are continuously used during all the week for many people for making sport, amusement or relax. In these installations, the visual aspect and the sanitary conditions must be guaranteed all the time. In indoor public pools, even with the mandatory previous shower and the use of ...


    By Sistema Azud, S.A.

  • Banham Zoo

    Banham Zoo in Norfolk has solved a long-standing problem with the water quality in its South African Fur Seal pool by adopting the latest technology – ordinarily used in commercial swimming pools.The 35-acre zoo attracts over 200,000 visitors per annum and a key attraction is the Fur Seal pool. It holds approximately 64,000 gallons of water, but due to the size of the Fur Seals (especially the ...

  • Unique Ozone and Ultraviolet Water Treatment System

    Euroby Ltd, the sludge treatment specialists, are pleased to announce the signing of an agreement to be the sole UK and Ireland distributor for the unique UVOX range of water treatment  systems.UVOX, as the name suggests, uses a combination of Ultraviolet and Ozone to treat infected and polluted water.Its uniqueness stems from its novel method of first producing ozone by irradiating air with a ...


    By Euroby Limited

  • Sanitation Using Ozone & Chlorine

    For nearly 100 years, ozone has been used all over the world for water sanitation. It is nature’s strongest oxidizer and has a byproduct of pure oxygen. Chlorine, on the other hand, is a very effective, time-proven chemical, but is ineffective against hard-to-kill microorganisms such as cryptosporidium. It also has some unpleasant byproducts. Together, however, these two substances can ...

  • Wastewater Recycling: Radiator Warehouse

     Radiator Warehouse is a small company that has been able to compete and grow through innovation and a commitment to cleaner production. After surveying available technology for recycling water and reducing chemicals, it decided to develop its own, much simpler system at a cost of only $10,000. This was not only cheaper than available overseas technologies, but was also just half the cost of ...


  • Biofilm control strategies in industrial processing waters

    Bacterial biofilms cause a number of serious problems for industrial fluid processing operations. Mechanical blockages, impedance of heat transfer processes and microbially induced corrosion result in billions of dollars of losses each year. In engineered systems, such as cooling water systems, food processing, and other industrial applications possible risk to public health and product spoilage ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Methods of Water Purification

    This article is excerpted from 'Pure Water Handbook' published by Osmonics®, Inc. of Minnetonka, Minnesota USA and is printed with permission of Osmonics, Inc. Water treatment can be defined as any procedure or method used to alter the chemical composition or natural 'behavior' of a water supply. Water supplies are classified as either surface water or groundwater. The majority of public or ...

  • Industrial Skid Mounted Filtration System, USA

    INTRODUCTION In April 2013, Pure Aqua successfully manufactured and supplied to a major wastewater treatment site in the USA with a skid mounted twin alternating multi-media water filtration system to remove suspended solids from well water. The multi-media filtration system comes complete ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

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