swimming pool filtration Articles

  • A pilot-scale study of Cryptosporidium-sized microsphere removals from swimming pools via sand filtration

    Cryptosporidium species are the most common cause of gastrointestinal illness in treated recreational water venues. In order to protect public health during swimming, Cryptosporidium-sized microsphere removals by high-rate sand filtration with six coagulants were evaluated with a 5.5 m3 pilot-scale swimming pool. A sand filter without ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis of enterovirus and adenovirus presence in swimming pools in Cyprus from 2007–2008

    An analysis was carried out to determine the presence of enteroviruses and adenoviruses in public swimming pools in Cyprus. The effectiveness of the commonly implemented disinfection procedure of chlorination was confirmed by determination of bacteriological markers. Analysis of viral presence was carried out by sampling random swimming pools from the five major cities in Cyprus during a period ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ultraviolet disinfection systems, the best solution to school swimming pools

    School swimming pools are a valuable asset, and are now present in the majority of high schools and higher education facilities throughout the UK.  Whilst school pools vary in size, shape and usage, many school swimming facilities are facing a common dilemma in their water disinfection strategy.  Existing treatment regimes are often badly designed, under sized or simply outdated, which ...


    By atg UV Technology

  • Nanofiltration for enhanced removal of disinfection by-product (DBP) precursors in swimming pool water–retention and water quality estimation

    Three nanofiltration (NF) membranes with a chlorine tolerance ≥ 1 mg L-1 were applied to reduce DBPs and their precursors in swimming pool water. A lab scale plant with crossflow modules was installed in by-pass at the sand filter outlet of a swimming pool for a period of several weeks. The chlorine tolerances of the membranes SB90 and NP030 were found to be adequate for filtration under swimming ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Profile of Ozone/Bromine Sanitation Systems for City of Tucson Municipal Pools

    Due to the inherent risks associated with the use of chlorine gas as a sanitizer for the City of Tucson’s twenty-six municipal swimming pool sites, I found myself in search of an alternative water sanitation method. The challenge was clear; find a system that would be safer to manage than gas chlorine, yet yield the same favorable sanitation and water quality results. Since all the sites ...

  • Industrial Skid Mounted Filtration System, USA

    INTRODUCTION In April 2013, Pure Aqua successfully manufactured and supplied to a major wastewater treatment site in the USA with a skid mounted twin alternating multi-media water filtration system to remove suspended solids from well water. The multi-media filtration system comes complete ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Advanced Filtration Media (AFM): Clean Water Market Analysis

    Executive Summary This report has been prepared by Entec to provide a market assessment of the application of AFM (Advanced Filtration Media) for potable water treatment. The work has been carried out on behalf of BREWEB, the Environmental Body of the Building Research Establishment and Dryden Aqua Limited, the developers of AFM. AFM is a high quality product that has been developed as ...

  • AZUD HELIX AUTOMATIC filters are specially suitable for high flow solutions.

    The 4DCL, 400 and 200-300 series are in-line self cleaning equipment with disc filtering elements, with High Density Polyethylene manifolds, that provides a high resistance with easier handling and installation. AZUD HELIX AUTOMATIC filters are indicated for high flow solutions in industry applications like cooling towers, swimming pools or purifying plants. The main advantages of AZUD HELIX ...


    By Sistema Azud, S.A.

  • The best alternative to the protection of the UF membranes - Case Study

    Advance solutions to the recirculation of water in swimming pools. Problem The public swimming pools are continuously used during all the week for many people for making sport, amusement or relax. In these installations, the visual aspect and the sanitary conditions must be guaranteed all the time. In indoor public pools, even with the mandatory previous shower and the use of ...


    By Sistema Azud, S.A.

  • Major refurbishment for Herefords premier leisure club

    Wye Leisure is Herefordshire’s premier health & leisure club. The facilities of the club include 3 swimming pools with adult only and family pool halls, 4 saunas, 3 steam rooms, 4 spa pools, an outdoor area with spa pool and sauna and a fully equipped gymnasium. The Leisure Club has just completed a complete refurbishment of its filtration plant and chemical dosage system which is in line to ...


  • San Alfonso del Mar, Chili case study

    Crystal Lagoons Corp. and Technology San Alfonso del Mar seawater swimming pool is the largest swimming pool of the world made by Crystal Lagoons Corp. (www.crystal-lagoons.com). It is 1.013 metres (3.324 ft) long, contains 250 million litres of water and has a surface area of 8 hectares (19,77 acre), it was completed in December 2006. This ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Ozone is Not Just for Residential Potable Water Treatment

    It has been over 170 years since the d iscovery of the ozone (O3) molecule. Since that time, scientists and engineers have been testing and evaluating ways to use ozone in many different processes, from water and air treatment to surface and food sanitation. The evolution was somewhat slow in the early days, taking nearly 50 years before Europeans found, in 1886, that ozone could be used for ...

  • Case study - How UV disinfection can benefit your aquatic facility

    The London Aquatics centre saw no less than nine world records broken in what has been described as the greatest sporting event of our time.   Whilst American Michael Phelps became the worlds’ greatest Olympian, history of a different kind was being made, quietly behind the scenes in the plant rooms of the London Aquatics Centre. Whilst an established technology in the swimming ...


    By atg UV Technology

  • Sanitation Using Ozone & Chlorine

    For nearly 100 years, ozone has been used all over the world for water sanitation. It is nature’s strongest oxidizer and has a byproduct of pure oxygen. Chlorine, on the other hand, is a very effective, time-proven chemical, but is ineffective against hard-to-kill microorganisms such as cryptosporidium. It also has some unpleasant byproducts. Together, however, these two substances can ...

  • Indoor Air Quality and Hazardous Gas Detection

    Indoor air contaminants come in a variety of forms and originate from multiple sources. Interactions between building materials and furnishings, activities and equipment inside the building, internal temperature and relative humidity, filtration and ventilation system operations, climate and building occupants all contribute to the indoor air quality (IAQ) in commercial, industrial, residential ...

  • On tap: recreational waterborne disease at an all-time high

    Levels of recreational waterborne disease are at their highest since reporting began in 1978, suggesting the need for interventions aimed at reducing risks in natural and treated water systems. More outbreaks are reported related to recreational  waterborne diesease than drinking water sources. Every two years the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a report on waterborne ...

  • Chlorine

    Due to the complexity of chlorine chemistry, the activity and forms of chlorine is not well understood. Its reactions are not always 'predictable' and are somewhat unique. This memo is intended to provide some simple insight of the most common forms of chlorine that we at Osmonics® encounter. The most basic form of chlorine is Chlorine Gas (Cl2). This is usually the cheapest form of chlorination, ...

  • Membrex Membrane Bioreactor - Croisières AML, QC, Canada

    Customer: Croisières AML Croisières AML is the most important cruise-expedition company in Canada. With a fleet of 18 boats located in 8 different ports in the province, near 650 employees welcome 500,000 passengers every year. In order to obtain from Transport Canada all the certifications and permits that are needed, each of their ships must meet very specific ...


    By Premier Tech Aqua

  • Algae Problems

    Almost everywhere where water is being stored, algae problems may occur. When water is stagnant, has a high temperature or a high concentration of Nitrates and Phosphates, an algae bloom might occur, which can cause several problems. Blue-green algae growth can cause a foul odour to the water, a layer of scum on the surface and even pose a health risk. Green algae may colour the water green, look ...


    By LG Sonic

  • How to Plan Stormwater Management for Urban Areas

    Water is a vital commodity in our lives, but it is possible to have too much water all at once in our lives, especially following violent storms or snow melt. This excess water, lying on the ground, swelling rivers, canals and drains to over-capacity is known as stormwater. In order to make the best use of this water, local authorities need to safely contain stormwater while any ...


    By Liquivault

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