temperature measuring Articles

  • Flow Rate Measurement in Full Pipes Using the Transit Time Method

    Particularly in large diameters the relevance of water volume measurement is growing. The challenge with cooling water or fresh water processes is to generate accurate flow recordings or to document and to control individual consumptions and withdrawal quantities. Flow detection, however, particularly in large diameters is highly demanding. In such cases the transit time measurement thanks to its ...


    By NIVUS GmbH

  • 10 Reasons why you should continuously monitor low temperature and liquid chemical sterilants for worker safety

    1. Sterilant chemicals are highly toxic Low temperature and liquid chemical sterilants are designed to kill all microorganisms including resistant spores and if they were not toxic, they would not be effective in sufficiently high concentration to destroy all microbial life including the chemically resistant sporicidal forms of certain ...


    By ChemDAQ, Inc.

  • The Rationale for Accelerating Regionally Focused Climate Intervention Research

    Abstract Ten years ago, Paul Crutzen asked whether the time had come to consider undertaking research into intentionally intervening in the climate system so that it might be considered a policy option comparable to reducing emissions for limiting human-induced climate change. Crutzen’s article pointed out how little progress had been made in reducing emissions and suggested that ...


    By Climate Institute

  • Using a 3-Wire RTD to Prevent Temperature Measurement Errors

    To prevent inaccurate temperature measurements which can potentially cause disastrous inventory losses, CAS DataLoggers recommends using 3-wire RTDs to customers taking temperature measurements using RTD sensors. These sensors are affordable and easily available for use with our wide inventory of ...


    By CAS DATALOGGERS

  • Measurement of temperature gradients through local extinction using Raman scattering spectroscopy

    Measurements of temperature in laminar flames with localised extinction points were made using line imaging of spectrally resolved laser Raman scattering through the extinction process. A fit to the nitrogen scattering spectrum was used to determine temperature with an accuracy of 30 K. Temperature gradients through the extinction process were measured as the flame strength prior to extinction ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Relationship Between Radiative Forcing and Temperature: What Do Statistical Analyses of the Instrumental Temperature Record Measure?

    Abstract  Comparing statistical estimates for the long-run temperature effect of doubled CO2 with those generated by climate models begs the question, is the long-run temperature effect of doubled CO2 that is estimated from the instrumental temperature record using statistical techniques consistent with the transient climate response, the equilibrium climate sensitivity, or the effective ...


    By Springer

  • Noise Measurement

    Definitions Threshold and criterion levels The threshold level is the A-weighted sound level at which a personal noise dosimeter begins to integrate noise into a measured exposure. For example, if the threshold level on a sound level meter is set at 80 decibels (dB), it will capture and integrate into the computation of dose all noise in the employee's hearing zone that equals or exceeds 80 dB. ...


  • Agriculture minimum temperature

     Agriculture minimum temperature Prediction of minimum temperature and frost damage is a common method and important application in the field of agriculture like outdoors crop growth. In particular those areas where vegetation can be exposed to low temperatures, frost can be disastrous for young vegetation or fruits.When the ...


    By Delta OHM S.r.L.

  • Sonic temperature significance and limitations

    The ATI sonic thermometer measures temperature from transit times t1 and t2 measured along the vertical path of the anemometer's probe. They are the times taken by sound pulses to traverse the 15-cm acoustic path in opposite directions; (these same transit times are used also for computing the vertical wind component). The instrument exploits the strong dependence that exists between the speed ...

  • Characterization of high temperature solar thermal selective absorber coatings at operation temperature

    Abstract In cooperation between the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) and the SCHOTT Solar CSP GmbH (SCHOTT Solar) measurements have been carried out with the goal to assure, that the directional-hemispherical reflectance measurements, done as production control by SCHOTT Solar, lead to applicable results for calculating the emittance of absorber tubes for parabolic trough ...

  • Solar radiation estimated from measured air temperature: a review and proposed a new model

    Estimation of solar radiation from measured air temperature offers an important alternative in the absence of measured solar radiation because of the wide availability of air temperature data. Solar radiation is considered as the most important parameter in meteorology, solar conversion, and renewable energy applications. Many correlation models have been developed to estimate daily solar ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Dissolved oxygen measurements in aquatic environments: The effects of changing temperature and pressure on three sensor technologies

    Dissolved oxygen (DO) is probably the most important parameter related to water quality and biological habitat in aquatic environments. In situ DO sensors are some of the most valuable tools used by scientists and engineers for the evaluation of water quality in aquatic ecosystems. Presently, we cannot accurately measure DO concentrations under variable temperature and pressure conditions. ...

  • The Electrothermal MC810B Digital Temperature Controller

    We get a lot of enquiries about the Electrothermal MC810B Digital Heating Controller, specifically concerning its functionality and compatibility with other Electrothermal ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Temperature Dependence of Soil Water Potential

    To understand the process of coupled heat and water transport, the relationship between temperature and soil water potential must be known. Two clays, Avonlea bentonite and Lake Agassiz clay, are being considered as the clay-based sealing materials for the Canadian nuclear fuel waste disposal vault. Avonlea bentonite is distinguished from Lake Agassiz clay by its high sealing potential in water. ...


    By ASTM International

  • High temperature combustion of landfill gas

    Type     Compact plant HOFGAS® - Efficiency 250 Commissioning     December 2001 Site     Storkohmo landfill, Kokkola (FIN) Situation Storkohmo landfill is located 400km north of Helsinki on Finland's west coast near the city of Kokkola. Based on local legislation requirements ( reduction of green house gas emissions ) the ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Measuring of landfill gas production

    Type     HOFGAS®- Smarty S  Commissioning     2002 Site     Nurmijärvi (FI) Situation An accurate estimation of the landfill gas production will support the operator at the Nurmijärvi landfill site in planning the final gas collection and degassing system. A mobile degassing plant was installed to measure the quantity ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Measuring enthalpy to calculate efficiency

    Summary This application note describes in detail how you can calculate the gain in efficiency of a direct exchange air conditioning system before and after treatment with the SRA. The physics underlying the method are explained. Introduction Air comprises gasses and water moisture. The gasses are mostly nitrogen (78%) and oxygen (21%). The amount of water ...


    By Power Knot LLC

  • ppb Dissolved oxygen measurement

    Dissolved oxygen (D.O.) measurement is one indicator of water quality because oxygen is a common element contributing to corrosion reactions. This corrosion reaction provides the need for low level D.O. control since dissolved oxygen is responsible for costly replacement of piping and equipment by corrosive attack on metah. what is Dissolved Oxygen? Dissolved axygan (D.O.f is the ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Online flow measurement

    Background The undershoot weir in Hohensaaten was built in 1913. It has three openings and regulates the discharge from the Oderbruch and from the Finow canal into the Hohensaaten-Friedrichsthaler-waterway. Moreover, it protects parts of the Oderbruch against Oder floods. The weir controls the waterlevels in the Havel-Oder-waterway and in the reach of Niederfinow- Hohensaaten. ...

  • ppm Dissolved oxygen measurement

    Dissolved oxygen (D.O.) levels are used as a general indicator of water quality. Oxygen is essential to life and vital for countless aquatic forms. D.O. level control is critical in numerous applications ranging from the monitoring of industrial waste water to environmental surveillance. What is Dissolved Oxygen? Dissolved oxygen (D.O.) is the amount of oxygen gas dissolved in a ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

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