temporary hardness removal Articles

  • How can I measure temporary and permanent water hardness?

    Hard water is water with high levels of dissolved minerals, and usually occurs in areas where limestone and chalk are common. These minerals can be divided into two types, and so hardness is often considered in two categories – permanent and temporary water hardness. So how can we measure water hardness? Can we measure temporary and permanent ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Introduction to Ion Exchange Part 1

    IMPURITIES IN WATERWater is often referred to as the 'universal solvent' as it will dissolve small amounts of everything it touches. Water collects or dissolves a variety of mineral salts, organic compounds and suspended solids as it flows over the earth's surface and through the ground. These impurities make water undesirable for use in many applications. It is, therefore, important to ...


    By Kinetico Incorporated

  • ENEL power, italy – torrevaldaliga project – ZLD plant for FGD wastewater treatment

    The Facility The Torrevaldaliga Nord Power Plant is being converted (torn down and rebuilt) to three coalfired units each of 660 Mwe capacity. The plant is equipped with fabric filters for flue gas dust removal, DeNOx system (for flue gas denitrification), FGD systems for sulphur oxides removal. The FGD system is equipped with a common wet limestone milling, three limestonegypsum forced ...

  • ENEL power, italy – la spezia project – ZLD plant for FGD wastewater treatment

    The Facility The La Spezia Power Plant is equipped with 1 x 600 MW coal-fired power unit and 2 x 350 MWe gas-fired combined cycle power units for a total of 1300 MWe. The unit normally fires imported coal with < 1% Sulphur. The flue gases are treated sequentially by FGD absorber. It is equipped with a 1 x 100% DeSOx lines with an absorber. The blow down from the absorber, along with ...

  • Flexibility Makes Geotube Dewatering Technology Ideal For Processing Facilities - Case Study

    Processing plants around the world all have something in common—they almost inevitably create waste streams that involve large amounts of water which must be treated before it can be released. The sheer volume of the material often means significant expense. And many systems for dewatering are complicated, expensive, and hard to adapt to different plant situations. TenCate develops and ...

  • Solution blooming for fracking spills?

    Blooming salts may clean up after brine spills North Dakota's oil boom can have a salty side-effect. Wastewater from oil drilling and hydraulic fracturing – or fracking – is often laden with salts and can spill, contaminating soils. In 2014, for example, 42 such brine spills per week, on average, were recorded in North Dakota. Brine spills introduce so ...


    By American Society of Agronomy

  • Wastewater Solutions for a hospital in Libya case study

    Continuing the trend of significant growth in Libya for WPL Ltd and El Zulal, the most recent development has been to provide wastewater treatment solutions for a hospital near Ubari. These facilities were provided as part of a co-operation project between El Zulal and the Libyan Government. El Zulal are the local expert distributors and installers for WPL's ...


    By WPL Ltd

  • Zero accident culture: disrespectful today…employer of choice tomorrow

    Solid waste collection is #7 of the top ten most dangerous jobs in the U.S. according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. This directly impacts the cost of workers’ compensation, automobile and general liability insurance, which indirectly impacts the bottom line of these companies in other ways. Many companies are falling short when it comes to putting the right processes in place to ...


    By Waste Advantage Magazine

  • Handling pond maintenance and patching leaks on your own

    If you have a pond on your property, you know it can add value and a special touch to your home's overall look. However, pond maintenance and patching leaks are necessary from time to time in order to keep that pond looking great. If you think pond maintenance and patching leaks is necessary, read the below article for some easy tips. Confirming You Have a Pond Leak Before getting ...


    By Pondpro2000

  • Offshore oil spill clean up case study

    In the event of a major incident occurring offshore, for example a tanker casualty running aground or breaking up for any reason, it is of paramount importance to deploy emergency response to protect and save human life. Once this has been done an assessment of the casualty should be made on whether it is possible to salvage the vessel and its contents and to assess the type and amount of oil ...

  • ELECTRONIC WATER TREATMENT REDUCES FOULING AND CORROSION IN PIPELINES

    Increasing pressure loss in the pipeline is often caused by scale corrosion or product fouling of the internal surfaces. This condition slows transmission and distribution capacity, and can require more than just routine maintenance if it remains unaddressed. Interior corrosion, fouling and leakage in pipeline systems will adversely impact bottom-line operations. ...

  • Grinding out progress in Florida’s hurricane cleanup

    The recent onslaught of Florida’s west coast, central region and, most recently, panhandle by Hurricanes Charley, Frances and Ivan, demanded extraordinary efforts by companies charged with the cleanup. Spearheading that effort, Brooksville, Florida-based Grubbs Emergency Services LLC, has contracted with scores of subcontractors to reduce the massive volumes of felled trees, severed limbs and ...


    By Morbark, LLC

  • Grinding out progress in Florida`s hurricane cleanup

    The recent onslaught of Florida's west coast, central region and, most recently, panhandle by Hurricanes Charley, Frances and Ivan, demanded extraordinary efforts by companies charged with the cleanup. Spearheading that effort, Brooksville, Florida-based Grubbs Emergency Services LLC, has contracted with scores of subcontractors to reduce the massive volumes of felled trees, severed limbs and ...


    By Morbark, LLC

  • Time to address the air pollution control residue problem

    The incineration of municipal solid waste is gaining increasing importance in the UK, especially as the burning of waste can be used to generate energy, providing a more sustainable solution to our waste problem by diverting it from landfill sites. An issue with incineration is that some of our waste contains hazardous chemicals such as chlorine and lead which are volatilised during the process. ...

  • Controlling Scale Deposition and Industrial Fouling

    It costs US industry billions of dollars a year to control and remove the limescale that builds up in industrial equipment such a heat exchangers, evaporative coolers, boilers, chillers and other water fed equipment. Oil wells, for example, face significant scaling problems from the highly mineralized water that are extracted with the oil. Limescale not only increases downtime, maintenance ...

  • Company excels at handling massive volumes in Florida cleanup effort: Gainesville firm brings grinding expertise to bear in aftermath of hurricanes

    Generally speaking, Floridians are a fairly accepting and resourceful lot — accepting of the fact that they occasionally have to deal with hurricanes and the damage associated with them; resourceful in their ability to spring back from a storm’s unbelievably daunting challenges. However, the hurricane season of 2004 may well be remembered not only as one of the most active in recorded history, ...


    By Morbark, LLC

  • The wildland fire threat

    The threat of wildfire is a major concern to more and more homeowners as construction of homes moves into the Wildland Urban Interface. Periods of drought are frightening times for residents of suburban and rural areas across the country, including the Northwest, the West, and the Rocky Mountain states as well as the Southeast. For those of us who live near natural areas of brush or forest, the ...


  • Case study - Wastewater - Upper Occoquan water reclamation plant

    The Smart Elbow Stops Lime Spills and Prevents Dust Cloud Exposure Robert Forgione, P.E. and his team at the Upper Occoquan Water Reclamation Plant in Centreville, Virginia were wading through yet another dust cloud to cleanup yet another pile of dry pebble lime and dust that had leaked from a failed elbow in the conveying line. While the hole measured a mere 1/2-inch across, it was ...


    By HammerTek Corporation

  • Road Transport Brexit Debate: What Did the Brexperts Think?

    The Road Transport Brexit Debate began with an objective presentation from Barclays Corporate’s head of logistics and transport, Rob Riddleston. He quipped that no opinions would be shared during his presentation on the request of his PR team. And he nearly managed it. Riddleston reported that GDP forecasts for the UK ...


    By Microlise Limited

  • Developing optimum solutions to flooding

    Developing optimum solutions to flooding With a very long period of wet weather in the summer overlaid by intense rainfall, 2007 was the wettest summer in the UK on record. This unusual weather pattern resulted in very high localised runoff, with three events in England exceeding the 1 in 100 year return period over that time – some of the worst flooding that has ever occurred in ...


    By Innovyze

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