test gas sensor Articles

  • Upgrading from Pellistor Gas Sensors to Infrared Technology

    In this article Andy Avenell, Crowcon’s Fixed Systems Product Manager, considers the shift towards infrared (IR) gas sensor technology in the oil and gas industry. Abstract Flammable gases and vapours can present considerable dangers in many industrial applications, none more so than the processes involved in extracting, transporting and processing oil and gas. Fast and reliable ...

  • Safety Systems Depend on Reliable Field Sensors (Emphasis on Fire and Gas Detectors)

    Abstract Because not all hazards are the same, identifying and quantifying the hazard is the starting point in choosing sensing technology. Not all detectors are the same, and they should be selected according to their ability to detect the hazard. This paper gives a broad summary of technologies that provide users reliable responses to hazardous conditions, that minimise false ...

  • Typical Sensor Location Considerations

    The sensor mounting location within a space may be dependent on many variables. There are no specific formulas since each application will have it’s own determining factors and priorities. These include, but are not limited to: source of gas: Is the source a combustion exhaust from a vehicle or furnace or a vapour from a tank spill, pipe leak, or faulty valve? density of ...


    By Arjay Engineering Ltd.

  • Gas Safety in Confined Spaces

    Introduction An offshore worker ensures a vessel is safe to enter; a plant manager enters a small plant room; a contractor inspects the lining of a sewage pipe.  All these personnel face common dangers, despite working in widely different industries.  Gas-related injury poses a serious threat in any confined space where the free movement of air is limited. A confined space ...

  • Gas safety in confined spaces

    An engineer repairs buried cables; a plant manager enters a small plant room; a contractor inspects the lining of a sewage pipe.  All these personnel face a common danger, despite working in widely different industries.  Gas-related injury poses a serious threat in any confined space where the free movement of air is limited.  ...

  • Detection of moisture in ammonia gas

    Problem Statement As technologies advance, so does the request for ultra high purity ammonia. Ultra high purity (UHP) ammonia is used in the semiconductor industries, production of flat panel displays, and a number of other applications. Due to this rising interest in UHP ammonia, manufacturers are having to battle ammonia’s most prominent and damaging impurity--moisture. For ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Field Performance Testing for Pipeline Pumps

    Significant energy savings can be achieved by optimizing pump operating efficiency. Measuring the exact pump performance with crude oil under realistic conditions in the field is the first step towards improving the pump efficiency in the future. About 20 billion barrels of crude oil were transported through pipelines in 2015. Around the world, there are over one million kilometers of ...


    By Sulzer

  • Gas safety in confined spaces

    A confined space is any space large enough for someone to enter and perform assigned work, which has limited means of entry or exit, and which is not designed for continuous worker occupancy. This covers just about every industry, including utilities, construction, hydrocarbon exploration and processing, petrochemicals, marine, agriculture, food processing and ...

  • Gas Safety in Confined Spaces

    Introduction A confined space is any space large enough for someone to enter and perform assigned work, which has limited means of entry or exit, and which is not designed for continuous worker occupancy. This covers just about every industry, including utilities, construction, hydrocarbon exploration and processing, petrochemicals, marine, agriculture, food processing and brewing, as ...

  • MCM’s heated Silicon Sensor Moisture Analyser against Aluminium Oxide and Oscillating Crystal Moisture Analysers, during Molecular Sieve Test Runs at St Fergus, Scotland

    Abstract Methods for dehydrating natural gas using molecular sieves (mol sieve) are well established. Many strategies have been developed with the intention of extending mol sieve lifetime and preventing unplanned shut-downs of dehydration units. The amount of adsorbent required in such dehydration processes is determined by the water content in the feed, the end-of-run (EOR) water ...

  • Performance characteristics of a Thin-film aluminum oxide humidity sensor - Case Study

    Summary A laboratory study was made of the performance of a miniature-size, thin-film aluminum oxide humidily sensor over a range of ambient temperatures from 0°C to 40°C and encompassing humidities from 40 to 78,000 parts per million by volume (ppm-v). Hysteresis and temperature effects of the sensors were obtained from tests performed at ambient temperatures 40°C, 25°C and ...

  • CO2 Gas Hazards in the Brewing Industry

    The hazards associated with CO2 in the brewing industry are well known, yet people still die needlessly every year in tragic and completely avoidable accidents in breweries. Just last year in Germany, which has a good safety record, two workers died in separate incidents at the same brewery. In the first incident, the owner was found dead with his head and torso in a beer mixing tank. It is ...

  • Gas detector communication technology for offshore oil and gas platforms

    In few applications is safety as important as on offshore oil and gas platforms. Explosive hazards from hydrocarbon gases and vapours are an ever-present risk, whilst toxic hydrogen sulphide gas and depleted oxygen environments can pose significant risks to personnel. Gas detectors are therefore essential to provide dependable early warning of gas hazards. Gas detectors are permanently installed ...

  • Gas Dilution With The Equal Capillaries Technique

    The advantages of the equal capillaries technique are surprising and leads to reach accuracy values of one order of magnitude higher than all the other dynamic dilution techniques. This comparison will be supported by analyzing the accuracy available with two different techniques. Nozzles (sonic or non-sonic) technique With this technique, a series of different size nozzles is used ...


    By Be.T.A. Strumentazione Srl

  • How Often Should Gas Detectors be Calibrated and by Whom?

    Calibration frequency is one of the most commonly asked questions concerning the use of gas detection instruments. Common factors to consider when deciding how frequently to calibrate are: type of sensor, type of gas detector (fixed vs. portable), the required use and accuracy of the detector, manufacturer’s recommendations, how confident you are about the functioning of your instrument ...

  • Selecting and Placing Gas Detectors for Maximum Application Protection

    Many industrial processes involve dangerous gases and vapors: flammable, toxic, or both. With the different sensing technologies available, and the wide range of industrial applications that exist, selecting the best sensor and locating them properly for the job at hand can be a challenge. To ensure a high level of safety, know the latest sensing technologies, which technology is best for the ...

  • Follow toxic gas standards for a smoother project

    Toxic gases, such as Hydrogen Sulfide and Sulfur Dioxide, can injure and kill quickly. Therefore, mitigation of these hazards must be fast and sure. The United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and other authorities take detection of these gases very seriously. The American National Standards Institute/ American Petroleum Institute (ANSI/API) and ISA industry standards ...

  • FTIR gas analysis improves container safety

    Introduction Entry to freight containers represents a significant hazard to staff responsible for inspection, stuffing or destuffing because of the large number of airborne chemicals that can be present. Research in Germany and the Netherlands found hazardous levels of gases and vapours in around 20% of all containers and this level of contamination is now accepted as commonplace. It ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • Read about Confined Space in Construction and Atmospheric Testing Right Here!

    In 1993, 29 CFR 1910.146 went into effect as the first federal legislation governing entry into permit-required confined spaces in general industry. Because some industries, such as the construction industry, were covered by specific Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) safety regulations, they were exempt from the confined space entry requirements of the general industry rule. ...


    By Argus-Hazco

  • Benefits of HART Communication-Enabled Gas and Flame Detectors

    Catastrophic results can occur when a fire or a flammable/toxic gas release goes undetected in any petrochemical facility. For early warning and prompt hazard mitigation, flame detectors and gas detectors are essential tools. Clear, usable, diagnostic information from these detection instruments is extremely valuable in ensuring the devices are properly maintained, tested, and poised to protect ...

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