thermal desalination Articles

  • Low Temperature Thermal Desalination (LTTD): new sustainable desalination process

    Water is a scarce resource, and new collection and production facilities are predicted as necessary in the coming years. Sea water desalination shall be a key technology for the production of fresh water in many areas of the world, and great efforts are now in progress to increase the reliability of the desalination processes and to reduce the relevant investment and operation costs. In this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Thermal coupling system analysis of a nuclear desalination plant

    When a nuclear reactor is used to supply steam for a desalination plant, the method of coupling has a significant technical and economic impact. The exact method of coupling depends on the type of reactor and the type of desalination plant. As a part of Nuclear Desalination Demonstration Project (NDDP), BARC has successfully commissioned a 4500 m³/day multi-stage flash desalination plant coupled ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Optimum thermal coupling system for co-generation nuclear desalination plants

    Owing to the small number of established nuclear desalination plants worldwide, there is a lack of technical data and not enough practical experience in the field of coupling systems. Therefore, in this study different coupling technologies concerning co-generation systems for linking nuclear power reactors to large thermal seawater desalination units (MED and MSF) are reviewed and optimised. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Desalination for saudi arabian refinery

    Overview Aquatech is supplying the equipment for two (2) 525 gpm seawater distillation system to Saudi Arabian Oil Company’s Ras Tanura Refinery in Saudi Arabia. General Project Description Aquatech was successful in meeting the strict guidelines of Technical & Delivery requirements. In general the infrastructure was made capable of ...

  • Seawater desalination technologies

    The distribution of the total water available in various places on the earth is delineated in this paper. This paper discusses various desalination technologies like membrane technology and thermal technology. Membrane technology includes Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration, Electrodialysis and Electrodialysis Reversal, whereas thermal technology includes Multi-Stage Flash (MSF) Distillation, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Brackish water desalination technologies

    This paper classifies various types of water according to their total dissolved salt content. It then discusses various technologies for brackish water desalination and their advantages and disadvantages. These technologies include different thermal processes as well as membrane processes. The thermal processes include Multistage Flash (MSF), Multieffect Distillation (MED) and Vapour Compression ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Seawater desalination at rabigh refinery

    Background Saudi Aramco’s RABIGH Refinery in Saudi Arabia wanted to install facility for 10000 TPD Seawater Desalination for the industrial use. The facility was supposed to be a BOOT (Build Own Operate Transfer) basis. General project description The joint consortium of SETE & Aquatech was successful in meeting the strict guidelines of Technical ...

  • Sustainable desalination technologies for future

    This paper deals with some aspects concerning the dual objectives of cost-effectiveness and favourable environmental impact of desalination plants, resulting in a sustainable alternative source of fresh water for future needs. These include some case studies on the use of waste heat for the thermal desalination plants, replacement of conventional pre-treatments in membrane plants with cleaner ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Desalination gets a graphene boost

    Original story at MIT News Jeffrey Grossman applies new materials research to making desalination cheaper and more efficient. With the intensifying drought in California, the state has accelerated the construction of desalination plants. Yet due to high construction and operating costs, as ...

  • The future for desalination in the UK

    Documento sin título In this feature article, Anthony Bennett, Technical Director at Clarity, reports on developments in the application ...


    By Clarity Authoring

  • Desalination pre‐treatment with LFNano

    EconoPure Water Systems EconoPure Water Systems designs and manufactures highly economical, scalable, low‐fouling. membrane systems. The Company leverages the proprietary low‐fouling nanofiltration. (“LFNano”) system consisting of a unique membrane element that is designed to avoid. particulate fouling, biofouling, and scaling. As the name suggests, the LFNano ...

  • Carbon nanotube membrane for water desalination

    This is a review of carbon nanotube membranes with an emphasis on their water desalination applications. Particular attention is given to carbon nanotube preparation, types and properties. The concept of desalination in the context of carbon nanotubes is discussed. The different processes for the manufacture of carbon nanotube membranes are electric arc discharge, laser ablation and Chemical ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Enhancement of ejector performance for a desalination system

    This paper describes the use of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to investigate the performance of the ejector used in desalination applications that use air as the working fluid. A three-dimensional model for the CFD was used to investigate the effect of operating conditions and ejector geometry on ejector performance. The results show that ejector performance increases by increasing the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A novel super-cooled humidification?dehumidification system driven by thermal vapour compression unit for seawater desalination

    The current study presents the concept of a novel seawater desalination system that is configured by a humidification?dehumidification unit based on the vapour-compression process (HDDTVC). The coupled refrigeration unit employs the thermal compression of vapour by a jet-ejector. The new technical idea of proposed desalination system depends mainly upon the creation of a super-cooled temperature ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparative analysis of the thin-film desalination plant process

    Thin-film installations with different heating surface orientations are widely used in seawater technology. Despite the presence of various thermal schemes and the construction of evaporating devices for installations of this type, comparisons of their power output are not available. We have carried out a comparison of the thermal schemes of MSF and thin-film installations in order to determine ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Coupling of MED–TVC with SMART for nuclear desalination

    A nuclear desalination system has been developed through a thermal coupling of the MED–TVC process and SMART – an integral type of advanced reactor producing rated thermal power of 330 MW. The integrated SMART desalination plant is consists of four units of the MED–TVC process to produce 40,000 m³/day of potable water. The number of units varies according to water production demand. The thermal ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Thermodynamics of a desalination system at nuclear power stations

    Nuclear power engineering is developing steadily in industrial countries. This is caused by features of using nuclear fuel and high environmental safety of nuclear power stations. At the same time, the thermodynamic efficiency of nuclear power stations is lower than indices of thermal power stations operating on gas, coal or oil fuel. This efficiency does not usually exceed 30–35%. Hence more ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The CEA/BARC collaboration on the use of nuclear reactors for desalination

    This paper presents the collaboration between the French Atomic Energy Commission (Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, CEA) and the Indian Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) on the use of nuclear reactors for desalination. The joint R&D effort aims at developing optimised nuclear desalination systems, producing large amounts of desalted water at the lowest cost and in a sustainable manner. It ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Present and future activities of nuclear desalination in Japan

    Seawater desalination plants have been installed at several nuclear power plants in Japan in order to satisfy the regulations for nuclear plant installation. This has been done where there is a limited source of water due to the geological conditions. These desalination plants are being operated to ensure supplemental water by using thermal or electrical energy from the nuclear power plant. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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