thermal mass flow controller Articles

  • Lockhead advances cryogenic research - Case Study

    Lockheed Martin researches, designs, manufactures, and integrates advanced technology systems for the U.S. Department of Defense and NASA. Eric Roth, a Lockheed physicist, tests infrared sensors used for positioning systems in deep-space satellites and  super-conducting electronics. These instruments will not function at normal temperatures. Roth uses a cryogenic refrigerator to test that ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Thermal mass flowmeters fill the bill in precision gas-ratio control application

    Fiberglass insulation manufacturing is almost akin to making cotton candy. A mixture of silica and other components are melted and passed through a spinning extruder, then rapidly cooled with compressed air (see Figure). As older fiberglass manufacturing plants have demonstrated, manual control of air and natural gas flow to the burners used to melt the initial mix often results in unacceptable ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Nonhalogenated VOCs in Ground Water, Surface Water and Leachate

    It may be necessary to know other subsurface information to provide remediation of VOCs in the ground water. Treatability studies to characterize the biodegradability may be needed for any biodegradation technology. Treatability studies are usually necessary to ensure that the contaminated ground water can be treated effectively at the design flow. A subsurface geologic characterization would be ...

  • Capturing biogas from landfills – Case Study

    Each day, millions of tons of municipal solid wastes are disposed of in sanitary landfills and dump sites around the world. Over 1,200 landfills worldwide collect landfill gas, which reduces greenhouse gas emissions and accrues emissions credits to meet the Environmental Protection ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Ancient process meets the future - Case Study

    Food, beverage and pharmaceutical industries requiring the regulation of air and gas flows have historically faced the challenge of obtaining highly accurate measurements in rugged factory environments. Within the last two decades, thermal mass flow controllers have overcome the shortcomings of volumetric approaches and demonstrated precise accuracy. With the advent of industrial gas mass flow ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Halogenated VOCs in Ground Water, Surface Water and Leachate

    It may be necessary to know other subsurface information to provide remediation of VOCs in the ground water. Treatability studies to characterize the biodegradability may be needed for any biodegradation technologies. Treatability studies are usually necessary to ensure that the contaminated ground water can be treated effectively at the design flow. A subsurface geologic characterization would ...

  • Optimizing air flows to aeration basins – Case Study

    As a result of clean energy mandates and the rising cost of energy, wastewater treatment facilities around the country are retrofitting their instrumentation to run highly efficient, cost-effective, clean facilities. To reduce emissions and produce clean energy, solid wastes are often digested in large digester tanks to reduce the volume of waste (sludge) and produce more biogas, which is then ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Fuels in Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    It may be necessary to know other subsurface information to remediate fuels in ground water. Treatability testing to characterize contaminant biodegradability and nutrient content may be needed for any biodegradation technology. A subsurface geologic characterization would be particularly important to characterize the migration of NAPLs. Recovery tests are usually necessary to design a ...

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Fuels in Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Common treatment technologies for fuels in soil, sediment, and sludge include biodegradation, incineration, SVE, and low temperature thermal desorption. Incineration is typically used when chlorinated SVOCs are also present with fuel, and not specified for fuel-only contaminated soil, sediment, or sludge. All types of biodegradation, both in situ or ex situ, can be used to remediate soils: ...

  • [Minute Flow Tip Video] Mass Flow Versus Volumetric Flow Technology

    When engineers and systems integrators need to measure gas flow rate in an industrial process or scientific research, there are many types of technologies to choose from.  This makes selecting the right gas flow meter a challenge. In addition to technology, engineers must consider many other parameters: price for value, cost of ownership, size of footprint, ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Comprehensive analysis of tobacco smoke using TD–GC×GC–TOF MS with Tandem Ionisation

    The hazardous constituents of cigarette smoke have attracted considerable attention lately, especially with increasing regulation around the world limiting or banning smoking in public places – and even in private cars if children are present. From an analytical perspective, however, there is much that remains to be learnt about the composition of cigarette smoke, because of its high degree ...


    By SepSolve Analytical

  • Mass flow sensing improves leak test efficiency

    Mass flow meters reduce risk of measurement error and provide a reliable, quantitative measurement of product quality and production process control. In the leak testing application, mass flow meters offer advantages unmatched by other instruments. Today, leak testing must be not only precise, accurate and irrefutable, but also easy-to-use, fast and efficient. With mass flow sensing, dry air ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Minute Flow Tip Video - Mass Flow Versus Volumetric Flow Technology

    When engineers and systems integrators need to measure gas flow rate in an industrial process or scientific research, there are many types of technologies to choose from.  This makes selecting the right gas flow meter a challenge. In addition to technology, engineers must consider many other parameters: price for value, cost of ownership, size of footprint, ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • It’s a sensor game

    From Sierra’s beginning over 40 years ago, founder Dr. John G. Olin was driven by the vision of supplying industrial customers with the world’s most accurate mass flow meter. And, he knew it was a ‘sensor’ game. With a background – and Ph.D. – in mechanical engineering and specialised in fluid mechanics and heat transfer, Olin was a driven innovator and ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Fiberglass manufacturing requires precise gas ratio control – Case Study

    Fiberglass insulation manufacturing is almost akin to making cotton candy!  A mixture of silica and other components are melted and passed through a spinning extruder, then rapidly cooled with compressed air. As older fiberglass manufacturing plants have demonstrated, manual ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Advantages of flexible flow measurement in sub-metering of natural gas

    The ability to measure gas flow more accurately with sub-metering based on a new technology, can result in substantial savings. Natural Gas: An Abundant Resource Unlike oil, natural gas exists in abundance in the United States. Of the natural gas consumed in the United States in 2011, 95% was produced domestically. The U.S. Energy Information Administration projects U.S. ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Pilot-Scale Biofilter Test for Treating Zimpro Odors

    The thermal sludge conditioning process of U.S. Filter/Zimpro Corporation, Rothschild, Wisconsin (Zimpro process) is primarily used to improve dewatering characteristics of the waste sludge. The process entails a partial breakdown through oxidation and hydrolysis of complex, high molecular weight organic compounds, such as, proteins, fibers, carbohydrates, and fats. The partial breakdown of ...


    By PRD Tech, Inc.

  • VIDEO: Mass Flow Meters for Power Plant Applications

    Generating electricity in a natural gas power plant is a complex process due to the multiple steps involved with the different types of fluids being used and optimized. Dr. John Olin, Founder of Sierra Instruments, explains how thermal mass flow meters, vortex flow meters, and ultrasonic flow meters can improve the flow energy management in power plant ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Quality Leader in Thermal Analysis depends on Axetris Mass Flow Solutions - Case study

    Pushing the limits of Thermal Analysis using Axetris MFCs An international quality leader for Thermal Analysis solutions relies on Axetris mass flow controllers (MFCs) and has done so for many years. Axetris mass flow solutions help maximize performance while using analysis techniques such as Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). ...


    By Axetris AG

  • Process gas mass flow controllers - An overview

    A mass How controller (MFC) is used 10 control the How of gases in a wide range of microelectronic processes. A well-designed MFC maintains a constant tlow within I percent of the full-scale flow, has a repeatability of 0.2 percent of full scale, and has a response time of 1 second to reach within 2 percent of the desired (command) flow, all of this is in response to any changes in command flow. ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

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