thickener Articles

  • Membrane thickening aerobic digestion processes

    Sludge management accounts for approximately 60% of the total wastewater treatment plant expenditure and laws for sludge disposal are becoming increasingly stringent, therefore much consideration is required when designing a solids handling process. A membrane thickening aerobic digestion process integrates a controlled aerobic digestion process with pre-thickening waste activated sludge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Paste thickener bed level measurement

    Numerous studies and papers have been devoted to the subject of thickener design and operation to achieve specified throughput and discharge densities. Mathematical models have been developed that present methods for sizing thickeners and predicting performance under varying process conditions. The compression effect of deeper beds on dewatering performance is a recognized phenomenon. This is one ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Case study - Sludge digestion/thickening optimizes treatment

    Overview: Big Park Domestic Wastewater Improvements District in Arizona had constructed a new 500,000 gallons per day biological wastewater treatment system in 1997. As time passed, the aging plant was unable to keep up with increasing demands. Challenge: In 2012, the District started working with Sunrise ...

  • A simple empirical model for the clarification-thickening process in wastewater treatment plants

    In wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), activated sludge is thickened in secondary settling tanks and recycled into the biological reactor to maintain enough biomass for wastewater treatment. Accurately estimating the activated sludge concentration in the lower portion of the secondary clarifiers is of great importance for evaluating and controlling the sludge recycled ratio, ensuring smooth and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic thermophilic digestion of sewage sludge with a thickened sludge recycle

    The process of anaerobic thermophilic digestion of municipal wastewater sludge with a recycled part of thickened digested sludge, was studied in semi-continuous laboratory digesters. This modified recycling process resulted in increased solids retention time (SRT) with the same hydraulic retention time (HRT) as compared with traditional digestion without recycling. Increased SRT without ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A case study of the sludge thickener - Large Commercial Facility (Office Building)

    Costs for industrial waste reduced with sludge thickener Some office buildings and large commercial facilities have wastewater treatment facilities underground. In such case, it is difficult to take dewatered cake out, so sludge is kept in liquid form and vacuumed out by pump without being dewatered. This potential customer also had been vacuuming out the liquid sludge, and had considered how to ...


    By AMCON Inc.

  • Application of forward osmosis (FO) under ultrasonication on sludge thickening of waste activated sludge

    Forward osmosis (FO) is an emerging process for dewatering solid–liquid stream which has the potential to be innovative and sustainable. However, the applications have still been hindered by low water flux and membrane fouling when activated sludge is used as the feed solution due to bound water from microbial cells. Hence, a novel strategy was designed to increase sludge thickening and reduce ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A pilot study of anaerobic membrane digesters for concurrent thickening and digestion of waste activated sludge (WAS)

    The increased interest in biomass energy provides incentive for the development of efficient and high throughput digesters such as anaerobic membrane bioreactors (AnMBRs) to stabilize waste activated sludge (WAS). This paper presents the results of a pilot and short term filtration study that was conducted to assess the performance of AnMBRs when treating WAS at a 15 day hydraulic retention time ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Solid thickening and methane production of livestock wastewater using dissolved carbon dioxide flotation

    Dilute manure is classified as wastewater due to the large quantity of water used in livestock production in Korea. Livestock wastewater treatment is required in order to reduce high moisture content and treat fluids discharged from the digestion process. In livestock wastewater treatment plants, large quantities of CO2 gas are produced at combined heat and power facilities as well as in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • High Rate Treatment of CSO/SSO Flows Using a High Density Solids Contact Clarifier/Thickener - Results from a Pilot Study

    ABSTRACT A two-month pilot study was conducted at the Village Creek Wastewater Treatment Plant in Birmingham, Alabama to test the technical feasibility of utilizing a ...

  • Mine backfill

    Mine backfill is defined as the material used to fill the cavities (i.e., stopes) created by underground mining. Backfilling can be a means to dispose of sludge and/ or tailings which may contain hazardous materials and to reduce surface environmental impacts by storing tailings underground. Alternately, backfilling with nonhazardous materials can allow for mining productivity improvements. To ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Bed Level Measurement

    Numerous studies and papers have been devoted to the subject of thickener design and operation to achieve specified throughput and discharge densities. Mathematical models have been developed that present methods for sizing thickeners and predicting performance under varying process conditions. The compression effect of deeper beds on dewatering performance is a recognized phenomenon. This is one ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Metropolitan Sewer District (MSD), Cincinnati, Ohio U.S.A.: HTFB System

    The Metropolitan Sewer District (MSD) of Greater Cincinnati, Ohio is a 90 mgd primary treatment, 55 mgd activated sludge treatment plant. Solids processing includes gravity thickening of primary sludge, dissolved air flotation, thickening of secondary sludge, holding tank storage, belt filter press dewatering and pumping of cake to the old outdated multiple hearth ...

  • Tailings paste disposal – more than water recovery

    The minerals industry has faced increasing pressures in recent years in the management of tailings streams. Environmental, economic and other factors have led many minerals producers to explore the technology of making and using “paste.” With the increasing number of installations worldwide, this technology has proved to not only be industry accepted, but economically advantageous. ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Newport WWTP Newport, WA

    In 2003 the city of Newport began a study of upgrading the city’s waste water treatment plant. Plant flows were increasing and the city wanted to process sewage from septage haulers handling recreational development in the area. Esvelt Environmental Engineering Company was selected to do the study and facility design. One of the first decisions made was rather than expand aeration basins, ...


    By BDP Industries

  • The laminar/turbulent transition in a sludge pipeline

    Globally, wastewater treatment plants are under pressure to handle high concentration sludge in a sludge treatment line. Unawareness of the non-Newtonian behaviour of the thickened sludge has the potential to cause unexpected problems when the fluid behaviour changes from turbulent to laminar flow. In this study, sludge apparent viscosity was plotted as a function of total suspended solids ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • You can dewater your cake and pump it too! Conveyance options for OCSD Plant 1

    OCSD is currently upgrading Reclamation Plant 1 to co-thicken primary and waste activated solids using centrifuges. Digested solids will also be dewatered using centrifuges and the two processes will be housed in the same building. A small building footprint, stringent redundancy requirements, and a 200 foot distance between the dewatering and storage facilities requires innovative engineering ...

  • Difference in the root structure of hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens and non-hyperaccumulator Thlaspi arvense

    The primary root structure of Zn/Cd hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens was compared with the root anatomy of closely related non-accumulator Thlaspi arvense. The most striking structure formed close to the root tip in T. caerulescens, but not in T. arvense, is the peri-endodermal layer of cells with irregularly thickened inner tangential walls. This layer observed in some species of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biomass properties and permeability in an immersed hollow fibre membrane bioreactor at high sludge concentrations

    This study aimed to investigate the influence of biomass properties and high mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS) concentrations on membrane permeability in a pilot-scale hollow fibre membrane bioreactor treating domestic wastewater. Auxiliary molasses solution was added to maintain system operation at constant food-to-microorganisms ratio (F/M = 0.13). Various physicochemical and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Operator’s Guide to Monitoring Secondary Clarifier Performance

     ABSTRACT The State Point Analysis (SPA) procedure, formalized by Keinath, et. al. (1977), provides exceptional insight into the expected performance of activated sludge secondary sedimentation basins. Yet, the operating guidance offered by the SPA is not employed regularly and with confidence - particularly by operations personnel. Such lack of use may stem from the perceived ...

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