thm monitoring Articles

  • THMs presented at WQTC, Boston, 1996

    ABSTRACT Strategic Diagnostics Inc. (SDI) markets a simple, colorimetric technology that can supplement trihalomethane (THM) testing using EPA methodology. Conventional analysis of total THMs requires the use of gas chromatography methods, which involve expensive equipment, extensive user training, and significant run time (30-45 minutes). This rapid, lowcost method enables water ...


  • Organics Monitoring: A Practical Guide

    Preventing product loss, lowering waste treatment costs, and reducing system maintenance and energy consumption through organics monitoring in the chemical, refining, food, and wastewater treatment industries. Summary Process water and steam condensate contamination includes organic, inorganic, and biological components. Sources of organic contamination include process ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • Monitoring of chlorination disinfection by-products and their associated health risks in drinking water of Pakistan

    This study reports the baseline data of chlorination disinfection by-products such as trihalomethanes (THMs) and their associated health risks in the water distribution network of Islamabad and Rawalpindi, Pakistan. THM monitoring was carried out at 30 different sampling sites across the twin cities for 6 months. The average concentration of total trihalomethanes (TTHMs) and chloroform ranged ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Disinfection By-Products (DBP) Precursor Monitoring

    Chlorine has long been used as a primary disinfection method for many water and wastewater treatment applications. However, there is growing concern about the harmful DBP’s produced by the use of chlorine. DBP’s, such as triahalomethanes (THMs), can occur when the natural organic matter (NOM) that is present in the water is combined with chlorine. More specifically, the portion of ...


    By Real Tech Inc.

  • Evaluation of photocatalytic degradation of a commercial humic acid in water using a simulated solar UV irradiation and monitoring the changes by size exclusion chromatography

    Much research has been undertaken on the photocatalytic degradation of humic substances with titanium dioxide using commercial humic acids (HA), which are extracts from either peat or coal. Most of the research has been focused on the changes in dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and UV254 absorption. These parameters only give a general assessment. This work studies the changes in the physical and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Guaynabo WTP in Puerto Rico saves thousands with UV254 Monitoring Package - Case Study

    Summary Dealing with fluctuating water sources is not an easy task for plant operators. Seasonal variation, heavy rain fall or accidental contamination events change the raw water quality, requiring immediate attention. This is a familiar scenario for Facility Manager, Nancy Ma. Cáceres Acosta at the Los Filtros Water Treatment Plant in Puerto Rico. She has been producing highquality ...


    By Real Tech Inc.

  • Real-time modeling of trihalomethane formation in a full-scale distribution system

    Using a combination of modeling and online water quality instrumentation, utilities can produce real-time predictions of trihalomethane (THM) formation in their distribution system. In this study, an empirical model was used to predict THM formation and embedded into a full-scale supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system. Online water quality instrumentation provided input values ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Method for trihalomethane analysis in drinking water by solid-phase microextraction with gas chromatography and mass spectrometry detection

    Headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled with gas chromatography and mass spectrometry detection (HS/SPME-GC/MSD) was optimized for trihalomethane (THM) determination in drinking water. A 75 μm fiber coated with carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane (75-CAR.PDMS) was used. Experimental parameters such as sample volume, time and temperature of extraction, time and temperature of desorption, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects of plumbing systems on human exposure to disinfection byproducts in water: a case study

    Disinfection byproducts (DBPs) in water distribution systems (WDS) are monitored for regulatory compliance, while populations are exposed to DBPs in tap water that may be different due to stagnation of water in plumbing pipes (PP) and heating in hot water tanks (HWT). This study investigated the effects of water stagnation in PP and HWT on exposure and risk of DBPs to humans. Trihalomethanes ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water quality comprehensive evaluation method for large water distribution network based on clustering analysis

    In order to evaluate water quality for a large water distribution network comprehensively, a two-stage classification method was used and the clustering methods, self-organizing map (SOM), K-means method and fuzzy c-mean (FCM), were represented. With these clustering methods, the pipes of a large real water distribution network were divided into some groups considering one or more water quality ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • On Line Control Strategies for Disinfection Systems: Success and Failure

    ABSTRACTThere are many levels of automation for control of chlorination systems. To select the best control approach for a facility, both control strategies and chlorination chemistry must be understood. Permit conditions including organism concentrations and operating data must also be fully identified. Many States require compliance with organism concentrations, as well as residual chlorine and ...

  • Laboratory Study of Conventional Alum Treatment versus MIEX® Treatment for Removal of Natural Organic Matter

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In recent years, considerable effort has been made in drinking water treatment research to develop methods with improved natural organic matter (NOM) removal from water. Reduction in the level of NOM before disinfection can minimise the formation of disinfection by-products and reduce the residual required to control bacterial regrowth in the distribution system. This ...


    By IXOM Watercare

  • The Benefits Of UV Disinfection In The Pharmaceutical Industry

    The quality standards required for purified water in the production of pharmaceuticals have never been stricter, with manufacturers having to conform to an ever increasing number of international standards. Craig Howarth, Managing Director of Hanovia Limited, introduces a number of interesting new developments in UV technology for disinfection and dechlorination. ...

  • Algal blooms: What are they?

    Algal blooms are also known as marine blooms or water blooms, and are actually a sudden increase in the population of algae in water scenery. Algal blooms usually take place in freshwater, such as lakes and water reservoirs as well as in marine milieus. They can be easily identified by coloration of the water ensuing from the high density of pigmented cells. Though many types of algae can form ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Overcoming iron bacteria problems: An Australian perspective

    Iron bacteria are becoming an increasing problem in groundwater bores and are estimated to affect about 40% of the world’s water bores with anecdotal evidence indicating that this number is steadily increasing. Iron bacteria derive energy during their metabolism through oxidising soluble ferrous iron, present in the groundwater, to its insoluble ferric form. The resultant biofilm is ...


    By Geoquip Water Solutions

  • The challenges of creating a 250,000-pipe model for Miami-Dade

    Earth Tech has used InfoWorks WS to develop a record-breaking all-mains model of Miami-Dade’s water supply system in order to achieve an accurate representation of the entire distribution process. The new dynamic model covers the whole of the 250,000-pipe network, as well as all the associated facilities. 'One of the challenges was that we had to model the whole system - every single pipe,' says ...


    By Innovyze

  • Office building renovation Ashrae headquarters Atlanta, Georgia - Case Study

    Key Parameters Type of Facility - Existing (EB) Function - Office Building Area - 33,570sf 2-story offices Project Completed - 2008 LEED Platinum Challenge: Sustainable design demonstrating the very latest state-of-the-art heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and refrigeration technology. The first ...

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