thm reduction Articles

  • Removal of DOM and THM formation potential of tropical surface water by ceramic microfiltration

    Dissolved organic matter (DOM) and trihalomethane formation potential (THMFP) removal by ceramic microfiltration (CMF) under different operating conditions was investigated and compared with the performance of a conventional water treatment plant at Bangkhen, Thailand. The tropical surface raw water for all the experiments was taken from Chaophraya River, Bangkok, Thailand. CMF studies were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Trihalomethane reduction in drinkable water by controlled chlorination and use of hydrogen peroxide

    The reduction of trihalomethane (THM) formation in the water treatment process by a controlled chlorination of ammonia and successive quenching with hydrogen peroxide has been studied. The optimum values of the process parameters have been determined with a calculation programme that makes use of the kinetic constants determined with the water to be treated. The obtained data have been verified ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A Simple Method to Reduce Disinfection By-product Formation

    The formation of disinfection byproducts (DBP) during drinking water production has long been of concern toauthorities and consumers alike. Although most disinfectants form unwanted DBPs there is particular concern withchlorine disinfection as a variety of chlorinated compounds are formed with possible adverse health effects, includingtrihalomethanes (THMs). Strategies for controlling THM ...


    By IXOM Watercare

  • Effects of tap water processing on the concentration of disinfection by-products

    Aim: This study examined the effects on disinfection by-product (DBP) concentrations of common household methods for processing drinking water.Methods: We investigated the effects of refrigerator storage, jug filtering, boiling in an electric kettle, and supply from an instant boiling water unit, with or without filtering, on four species of trihalomethanes (THMs) and nine species of haloacetic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • GAC Value Exceeds Expectation

    Untitled Document Summary: It appears that the time span in which GAC will remove THMs can be measured in months - perhaps even years - at the Davenport, Iowa, water ...


    By Calgon Carbon Corporation

  • Use of electrolytic oxidation for non-chemical pathogen inactivation in municipal wastewater

    The use of chlorine and bromide chemicals as sanitizing agents by municipal wastewater treatment plants is becoming increasingly problematic. The cost of the chemicals has risen sharply in 2008, and is expected to increase further (as much as 50%) in 2009; and both State and Federal regulatory agencies are expected to require in the near future the reduction of THM and other ...


  • Evaluation of chitosan as a natural coagulant for drinking water treatment

    Chitosan, a natural biopolymer, was evaluated for its ability to be used as a coagulant to treat water for potable use both in isolation and in combination with other water treatment technologies, specifically ion-exchange and activated carbon. Chitosan was found to be very effective for particle removal at doses far below those required for equivalent turbidity removal by inorganic coagulants. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of DOC and its fractions from surface waters of the Canadian Prairie containing high levels of DOC and hardness

    In this paper removal of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and its fractions by chemical coagulation was studied. Raw water was collected from the Red River (Manitoba, Canada). This source water has a DOC concentration ranging from 8 to 12 mg L−1 and total hardness of about 400 mg L−1 CaCO3, which represents a typical surface water quality of the Canadian Prairie. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Grundfos Alldos Chlorine Dioxide System in Malaysia’s new Sepangar Bay submarine naval base

    Background At the Malaysia’s New Sepangar Bay Submarine Naval Base, Bacfree-Trident Water is selected to provide and retreat the direct potable water from municipal treated water for marine vessel applications. The source water is from the local municipal treated water supply source and is of excellent quality for most of the time. However, the water may be undesirable for direct ...


  • Laboratory Study of Conventional Alum Treatment versus MIEX® Treatment for Removal of Natural Organic Matter

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In recent years, considerable effort has been made in drinking water treatment research to develop methods with improved natural organic matter (NOM) removal from water. Reduction in the level of NOM before disinfection can minimise the formation of disinfection by-products and reduce the residual required to control bacterial regrowth in the distribution system. This ...


    By IXOM Watercare

  • Students tackle disinfection issues using drinking water treatment simulator

    In a recent innovative assignment, Civil Engineering students at the University of Toronto pooled their talents to address a growing drinking water issue. Teams of students in the graduate course taught by Dr. Robert Andrews used computer simulation to determine how best to optimize a water treatment plant to meet tough new standards for disinfectant residual and disinfectant by-product (DBP) ...

  • Using Nanofiltration in Beverage Production

    The following article is based on a paper presented in August, 1990 at the 21st Annual Meeting of the Fine Particle Society in San Diego. Soft drink manufacturers, not to mention manufacturers of other beverage products, have always had a keen interest in the water that goes into their products. After all, it is the water that typically makes up 80%-90% of the product. In the past the water has ...

  • UV Experience for Inactivating Cryptosporidium in Surface Water Plants

    The disinfection of pathogenic microbes in drinking water has been largely successful over the last century due to the use of chlorination. However, research conducted in the 1970's revealed that by-products formed during the chlorination process are potentially carcinogenic and that there is a direct correlation between the concentration of chlorination by-products and the probability of certain ...

  • The Use Of UV For Dechlorination

    For many years chemical disinfection techniques have been used to provide microbiologically pure water for industrial and domestic use. Free chlorine, typically introduced by municipal water treatment plants in gaseous form, has been employed for many decades as a primary oxidising agent for the control of microbiological growth. Free chlorine can also be introduced through the injection of ...

  • Sanitation Using Ozone & Chlorine

    For nearly 100 years, ozone has been used all over the world for water sanitation. It is nature’s strongest oxidizer and has a byproduct of pure oxygen. Chlorine, on the other hand, is a very effective, time-proven chemical, but is ineffective against hard-to-kill microorganisms such as cryptosporidium. It also has some unpleasant byproducts. Together, however, these two substances can ...

  • Picking Their Membranes - Part I -

    Membrane use by water suppliers may not be new, but suppliers are considering membranes in new ways -- by number and variety of applications. Membranes can work on a wider range of resource waters, more efficiently and for less cost than before. Among membranes' attractions as substitutes for conventional water-treatment technologies, such as filtration, distillation and ion-exchange are: ...


  • The Benefits Of UV Disinfection In The Pharmaceutical Industry

    The quality standards required for purified water in the production of pharmaceuticals have never been stricter, with manufacturers having to conform to an ever increasing number of international standards. Craig Howarth, Managing Director of Hanovia Limited, introduces a number of interesting new developments in UV technology for disinfection and dechlorination. ...

  • Algal blooms: What are they?

    Algal blooms are also known as marine blooms or water blooms, and are actually a sudden increase in the population of algae in water scenery. Algal blooms usually take place in freshwater, such as lakes and water reservoirs as well as in marine milieus. They can be easily identified by coloration of the water ensuing from the high density of pigmented cells. Though many types of algae can form ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Chloramines

    OVERVIEW When chlorine is added to a water supply containing certain organics, the formation of halogenated organics occurs. Called 'trihalogenated methanes' (THM's) these reaction products are suspected carcinogens and maximum allowable limits in municipal supplies are imposed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). To reduce the potential for the formation of THM's, many U.S. ...

  • Overcoming iron bacteria problems: An Australian perspective

    Iron bacteria are becoming an increasing problem in groundwater bores and are estimated to affect about 40% of the world’s water bores with anecdotal evidence indicating that this number is steadily increasing. Iron bacteria derive energy during their metabolism through oxidising soluble ferrous iron, present in the groundwater, to its insoluble ferric form. The resultant biofilm is ...


    By Geoquip Water Solutions

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