total chlorine analyser Articles

  • Using FTIR spectroscopy to measure hydrocarbon pollution in water

    According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF’s 2015 Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water report almost 700 million people around the world don’t have access to clean drinking water [1]. Poor water quality is beginning to return to the developed world too. The strain of population growth, intensified agricultural practices and continued industrial expansion have are ...


    By Specac Limited

  • Bidet toilet seats with warm-water tanks: residual chlorine, microbial community, and structural analyses

    Despite the reported health-related advantages of the use of warm water in bidets, there are health-related disadvantages associated with the use of these toilet seats, and the bacterial research is sparse. We conducted a survey on the hygienic conditions of 127 warm-water bidet toilet seats in restrooms on a university campus. The spray water from the toilet seats had less residual chlorine ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of gaseous chlorine dioxide on indoor microbial contaminants

    Traditional and modern techniques for bioaerosol enumeration were used to evaluate the relative efficiency of gaseous chlorine dioxide (ClO2) in reducing the indoor microbial contamination under field and laboratory conditions. The field study was performed in a highly microbially contaminated house, which had had an undetected roof leak for an extended period of time and exhibited large areas of ...

  • Analysis of enterovirus and adenovirus presence in swimming pools in Cyprus from 2007–2008

    An analysis was carried out to determine the presence of enteroviruses and adenoviruses in public swimming pools in Cyprus. The effectiveness of the commonly implemented disinfection procedure of chlorination was confirmed by determination of bacteriological markers. Analysis of viral presence was carried out by sampling random swimming pools from the five major cities in Cyprus during a period ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water microbial quality during drinking water treatment technology and distribution provided by two Romanian companies

    Under European Economic Area Agreement, Romania and Norway have developed a project for monitoring the quality of raw and potable water (from production technology until distribution) supplied by two Romanian water companies. In the present study was investigated the microbiological quality of water, which was compared with organic matter loads. Resulting free chlorine and trihalomethane ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Composition and Contaminant Loads of Residual Household Waste Part III: Physico-Chemical Properties and Contaminant Concentrations

    Abstract. Physico-chemical properties of residual waste are key factors for disposal standards. Reliable input data for treatment plants (MSWI) need to consider the heterogeneity and variability of waste composition. This requires thoroughly designed sampling schemes, a consistent separation of bulk waste into uniform fractions, and adequate methods for sample preparation and analysis. The ...


    By Oracle

  • Speciation of five arsenic compounds in urine by HPLC/ICP-MS

    High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled to an ICP-MS has become an invaluable analytical tool for the determinations of trace levels of individual arsenic compounds (speciation). Speciation of arsenic is used to improve our knowledge of arsenic’s biochemical interactions and to evaluate toxicity risks. The toxicity and bioavailability of arsenic is highly dependent on form or ...


    By PerkinElmer, Inc.

  • Project profile - Webb Consolidated Independent School Bruni, Texas arsenic treatment system

    Background Webb Consolidated Independent School District (Webb CISD) located in Bruni, Texas applied to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) to participate in the arsenic treatment demonstration program for Round 2 and was selected. The school has a water-supply well which pumps water to a 12,000 gallon storage tank. Waterquality analyses revealed that arsenic concentrations ...

  • Project profile - Yucca Mountain project, Nevada arsenic treatment system

    Background Wells J-12 and J-13 are located in Area 25 of the Nevada Test Site near Mercury, Nevada. These wells supply potable water for the Yucca Mountain Project. Water-quality analyses revealed that arsenic concentrations exceeded the new maximum contaminant level (MCL). Before choosing a technology, the site manager, Bechtel SAIC, contracted with Dr. Dennis A. Clifford, ...

  • Ten Good Reasons To Build Dynamic Models

    Over the last ten years computer technology and network modelling software have developed beyond all recognition, providing the necessary hardware and software tools to assist water distribution engineers in their design and planning work utilising fully dynamic all-mains models. However, many water supply companies still make important decisions based on static models that represent an arbitrary ...


    By Innovyze

  • Hydro Polymers: Searching for a More Sustainable PVC

    Over the last five years, the European PVC industry has been forced to reassess the environmental impact of its products in the face of continuing pressure from environmental groups, governments and end users. Hydro Polymers, one of two PVC manufacturers in the UK, is forging ahead of its competitors through a partnership with sustainability consultancy The Natural Step. The company is launching ...

  • Indestructible Pumps for Clean Water

    Sulzer pumps are used in the production of drinking water in many cities around the world. The special qualities that these pumps possess can be seen at the Zurich Municipal Water Utility. There, the operators have to cope with rising land and energy prices and a challenging topography. A small water flea plays a major role in Zurich. It swims around in a container of drinking water with some of ...


    By Sulzer

  • EPA Proposed “Franken-MACT” for Utilities

    EPA published the highly anticipated proposed Maximum Available Control Technology (MACT) Standard for the utility sector (40 CFR 63 Subpart UUUUU). When considered together with the growing list of proposed and final rules impacting the utility sector (Transport Rule/Cross-State Rule, Coal Combustion Byproducts Rule, Cooling Water Intake Rule, Regional Haze Rule, revised National Ambient Air ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Case Study - TCE Source Area Remediation at a Former Manufacturing Facility Confidential Client – Western Connecticut

    Project Summary TRS Group, Inc. (TRS), as a subcontractor to AECOM, completed a Standard Fixed Price Remediation (SFPR) of trichloroethene (TCE) in groundwater in Western Connecticut using Electrical Resistance Heating (ERH). The objective of the ERH project was to achieve the prescribed remediation goal for dissolved TCE in groundwater within the treatment volume. The system ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • 2015 North American Water Treatment New Product Innovation Award

    Background and Company Performance Industry Challenges Tertiary and advanced wastewater treatment (WWT) is one of three stages in the cleaning of wastewater generated by the municipal and industrial sectors. Building on and improving upon the results of treatment through initial primary and secondary WWT stages alone, tertiary treatment is performed prior to waste ...


    By Frost & Sullivan

  • Current Trends in Modelling Water Distribution Systems

    Untitled Document Hydraulic Modelling is emerging from the infrastructure planning offices of our water utilities, where it continues to play a vital role in optimising capital investment projects, to take a ...


    By Innovyze

  • Proposed boiler MACT sets aggressive emission limits

    On June 4, 2010, U.S. EPA proposed National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for industrial, commercial, and institutional boilers and process heaters at both major and area sources of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) emissions.  EPA proposed separate rules for units at major sources of HAP emissions (greater than 10 tons per year [tpy] of any single HAP and/or greater ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Confirming Natural Attenuation Processes at a Coastal Site - Case Study

    Past waste disposal practices at a California coastal site resulted in a groundwater plume containing CVOCs (mainly chlorinated ethenes [CEs] and 1,1-dichloroethane) migrating offshore towards a marine harbor. CVOCs are present in the sediment porewater adjacent to the shoreline, but concentrations decreased significantly between 2000 and 2015, and NA in the marine sediments was suspected. To ...


    By SIREM

  • Assessment of the Environmental Impact of Military Activities During the Yugoslavia Conflict

    1. Executive Summary Assessment Method:The study was carried out over a period of ten days by a team of expert staff from the Regional Environment Center for Central and Eastern Europe (REC) and other contracted country experts. A framework was prepared by REC headquarters and the REC's country offices in the five selected countries gathered information and data. Additional ...

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