total co2 fraction Articles

  • Quantifying Carbon dioxide and Methane emissions and Carbon dynamics from flooded boreal forest soil

    Received for publication January 16, 2008. The boreal forest is subject to natural and anthropogenic disturbances, but the production of greenhouse gases as a result of flooding for hydroelectric power generation has received little attention. It was hypothesized that flooded soil would result in greater CO2 and CH4 emissions and carbon (C) fractionation compared with non-flooded soil. To ...

  • Methane Emissions From Terrestrial Plants

     In a recent issue of Nature Keppler et al. [2006] report the discovery that terrestrial plants emit CH4 under aerobic conditions. Until now it was thought that bacterial decomposition of plant material under anaerobic conditions, such as in wetlands and water flooded rice paddies, is the main process leading to emissions from terrestrial ecosystems. In a first attempt to upscale these ...


  • Anaerobic Digestion—What Are the Economics?

    Although solid waste AD facilities are just starting to emerge, haulers and their customers may see some benefits if the development trend continues. A Pro Forma Model objective can be constructed for strategic planning of an anaerobic digestion facility. Anaerobic digestion (AD) of food wastes in the U.S. is a developing market that is poised for continued growth in many regions. ...


    By Waste Advantage Magazine

  • Climate Science Survey. Questions and Responses

    In the Spring of 2012, PBL held a survey among 1868 scientists studying various aspects of climate change, including physical climate, climate impacts, and mitigation. The main results of the survey were published in an article in Environmental Science and Technology (ES&T) in August 2014: Scientists’ views about attribution of global warming. It showed that there is widespread ...

  • Environmental screening of Christmas Eve case study

    Dear Kids, (Colleagues, Customers and Friends of sustainability),It's Christmas time again! How about an “Environmental screening of Christmas Eve”?  Everything is possible if you have data at hand so let’s go for it! Scope (including assumptions) About 2 billion kids live on earth. Considering that just a fraction (15%) of all kids believe in Santa ...


    By thinkstep

  • Huge Windfalls for Chemical Firms under Emissions Trading Scheme

    Emissions data for 2002 have confirmed that the UK emissions trading scheme has been undermined by huge quantities of 'hot air' from three chemical companies. The figures challenge the Government's continuing claims for the scheme's environmental benefits. The UK's pioneering greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme was launched a year ago. Following an auction, 34 organisations took on emission ...

  • Degradation of biodegradable plastics under controlled composting conditions

    The management of solid waste is a growing concern in many countries. Municipal solid waste is a major component of the total solid waste generated by society, and the fraction of municipal solid waste made up of plastic materials continues to increase. The composting of plastic materials along with organic wastes will help society to usefully recycle more of its solid waste and divert it from ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • BiogenGreenfinch fine-tunes biogas monitoring with AEMS

    As BiogenGreenfinch builds its next, much larger and first, second-generation anaerobic digestion (AD) facility at Westwood in Northamptonshire, it is making good use of everything it has learned from the construction and operation of its pioneering, commercial food waste AD plant at Twinwoods, Bedfordshire and the new technology now available. For BiogenGreenfinch the key to successful AD ...


    By Geotech

  • Waste shredding protects resources in Indonesia - Case Study

    Cement production is among the core activities of building materials supplier Holcim. Holcim Ltd. can boast the most expansive geographical action radius in the global cements industry thanks to its subsidiaries in over 70 countries on all five continents. Recently, the company successfully inaugurated a modern recycling center in collaboration with its environmental technology partner Geocycle ...


    By WEIMA

  • Profile of Ozone/Bromine Sanitation Systems for City of Tucson Municipal Pools

    Due to the inherent risks associated with the use of chlorine gas as a sanitizer for the City of Tucson’s twenty-six municipal swimming pool sites, I found myself in search of an alternative water sanitation method. The challenge was clear; find a system that would be safer to manage than gas chlorine, yet yield the same favorable sanitation and water quality results. Since all the sites ...

  • Methane emission estimates using chamber and tracer release experiments for a municipal waste water treatment plant

    This study presents two methods for estimating methane emissions from a waste water treatment plant (WWTP) along with results from a measurement campaign at a WWTP in Valence, France. These methods, chamber measurements and tracer release, rely on Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and cavity ring-down spectroscopy instruments. We show that the tracer release method is suitable for ...


    By Ecotech Pty Ltd

  • Mechanical biological treatment trends

    Composting mixed municipal solid waste has a long tradition in Germany. In 1953, the first large-scale facilities in Baden-Baden and Blaubeuren started operating, followed later by plants in Heidelberg, Duisburg and other locations across the western part of Germany. Facilities were being opened to provide alternatives to landfilling MSW, and to produce compost for agricultural use. The quality ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Is it better to burn or bury waste for clean electricity generation?

    The use of municipal solid waste (MSW) to generate electricity through landfill-gas-to-energy (LFGTE) and waste-to-energy (WTE)projectsrepresentsroughly14%ofU.S.nonhydrorenewable electricity generation. Although various aspects of LFGTE and WTE have been analyzed in the literature, this paper is the first to present a comprehensive set of life-cycle emission factors per unit of electricity ...


    By Novo Energy, LLC

  • The myth of `residual waste`

    Recently, I was asked by my good friend John Nicholson (a consultant and contributing editor to this magazine) to address a meeting of the Air and Waste Management Association (AWMA) Ontario Sector, regarding my position on generating energy from 'residual waste.' This invitation provided me with the opportunity to research the composition of so-called residual waste -- you know, the roughly 35 ...

  • Guest Post: 2012 - The Year Renewables Became a Problem

    Looking back on the energy news from 2012 there are a couple of over-riding trends. On a positive note, with significant taxpayer and/or ratepayer financial support through direct subsidies and Feed-In-Tariffs (FITs) renewable electrical generation is starting to have a major impact in several jurisdictions.  On May 25 Germany set a new record for solar energy with production of 22 GW, ...


    By 3BL Media

  • Data Requirements for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Site soil conditions frequently limit the selection of a treatment process. Process-limiting characteristics such as pH or moisture content may sometimes be adjusted. In other cases, a treatment technology may be eliminated based upon the soil classification (e.g., particle-size distribution) or other soil characteristics. Soils are inherently variable in their physical and chemical ...

  • Degassing Refrigerators - Drill-head and Piercing-plier

    1. For what purpose do we have to degas a refrigerator? A refrigerator has to be disposed as hazardous waste. The refrigerants inside a hazardous refrigerator are harmful for the environment (ozone depleting and greenhouse effect). Most common refrigerants are; R12, R134a and R600a. The uncommon is the removal of NH3. Refrigerants are developed to dissolve very easily into ...


    By ATN Engineering B.V.

  • Cleaner Production in the Mining Industry: Mount Isa Mines

    MIM Holdings Limited has implemented a program of innovations which has enabled the company to open a new mine and add new electricity-using activities while cutting total annual electricity use and carbon dioxide emissions. MIM has committed to the Australian Governmentís Greenhouse Challenge. This Federal and State Government sponsored initiative requires companies to reduce emissions of carbon ...


  • 2013: a ‘perfect storm’ in air quality

    As many countries fail to meet air quality targets and large numbers of premature deaths still result from air pollution, Jim Mills, a particulate monitoring specialist and Managing Director of Air Monitors, explains why 2013 will be a pivotal year. In November 2011 Janez Potočnik, European Commissioner for the Environment, expressed his determination to make 2013 the ‘Year of ...


    By Air Monitors Ltd.

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