total sulphur analyser Articles

  • Experimental investigation of effects of oil shale composition on its calorific value and oil yield

    This paper reports results of a detailed geochemical analysis carried out on representative oil shale samples obtained from the Attarat Um Ghudrandeposit, in Jordan. The conducted tests aimed to determine main features of the studied samples, such as oil yield, calorific value, organic and inorganic composition and moisture content. Based on obtained results of a large number of oil shale ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • EU fuel quality monitoring — 2014

    Each year, under the requirements of the European Union (EU) Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) (1), EU Member States must report various types of information relating to the quality of petrol and diesel fuels sold in their territories. More specifically, Member States must sample fuels each year and analyse their technical characteristics to ensure that they are consistent with the requirements of the ...

  • EU emission inventory report 1990-2011 under the UNECE Convention on LRTAP

    This document is the annual European Union (EU) emission inventory report under the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) (UNECE, 1979). The report and its accompanying data are provided as an official submission to the Executive Secretary of UNECE by the European Commission on behalf of the EU as a party. The report is ...

  • European Union emission inventory report 1990–2012 under the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP)

    This document is the annual European Union (EU) emission inventory report under the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) (UNECE, 1979). The report and its accompanying data constitute the official submission by the European Commission on behalf of the EU as a party, to the Executive Secretary of UNECE. The report is ...

  • Composition and Contaminant Loads of Residual Household Waste Part III: Physico-Chemical Properties and Contaminant Concentrations

    Abstract. Physico-chemical properties of residual waste are key factors for disposal standards. Reliable input data for treatment plants (MSWI) need to consider the heterogeneity and variability of waste composition. This requires thoroughly designed sampling schemes, a consistent separation of bulk waste into uniform fractions, and adequate methods for sample preparation and analysis. The ...


    By Oracle Crystal Ball GBU

  • NEC Directive status report 2011

    'The aim [of the National Emission Ceilings Directive] is to limit emissions of acidifying and eutrophying pollutants and ozone precursors in order to improve the protection in the Community of the environment and human health... by establishing national emission ceilings…' Directive 2001/81/EC, the National Emission Ceilings Directive (NECD) (EC, 2001) highlights the importance of ...

  • Economic Evaluation of Emission Reductions of HFCs, PFCs and SF6 in Europe

     Introduction The Kyoto Protocol under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) regulates emissions of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulphur hexafluoride. Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC) are chemically related anthropogenic greenhouse gases. Because of their depleting ...

  • European union emission inventory report 1990 — 2008 under the UNECE convention on long-range transboundary air pollution (LRTAP)

    Executive summary - This document is the European Union emission inventory report under the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP). The report and its accompanying data are provided as an official submission to the secretariat for the Executive Body of the LRTAP Convention by the European Commission on behalf of the ...

  • NEC Directive Status Report 2014

    Reporting by Member States under Directive 2001/81/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2001 on national emission ceilings for certain atmospheric pollutants This report describes the most recent emission inventory information provided by the Member States of the European Union (EU) at the end of 2014, under Directive 2001/81/EC of the European Parliament and of the ...

  • EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2016

    1 Guidebook Introduction 1.1 Introduction The joint EMEP (1)/EEA Air Pollutant Emission Inventory Guidebook (the 'Guidebook'), following the 'Guidelines for Reporting Emissions and Projections Data' under the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) (2), provides concise guidance on how ...

  • Projections in hindsight - An assessment of past emission projections reported by Member States under EU air pollution and GHG legislation

    Over the past decade, European Union (EU) Member States were required to regularly compile and report official estimates of their projected (future) emissions for the year 2010 under two complementary pieces of legislation: for greenhouse gases (GHGs), the Monitoring Mechanism Decision (MMD), i.e. Decision No 280/2004/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 February 2004 ...

  • Costs of air pollution from European industrial facilities 2008-2012

    In 2011, the European Environment Agency (EEA) published a first assessment of the costs of air pollution caused by European industrial facilities. The report Revealing the costs of air pollution from industrial facilities in Europe (EEA, 2011) applied a simplified modelling approach to assess the damage costs to health and the environment in 2009, caused by pollutant emissions from industrial ...

  • A closer look at urban transport - TERM 2013: transport indicators tracking progress towards environmental targets in Europe

    Transport guarantees our mobility and access to goods. Moreover, the transport sector helps maintain and develop our societal and economic systems. Transport is also a main source of pressures on the environment, such as the unsustainable use of natural resources, as well as greenhouse gas, air pollutant and noise emissions. Many of these environmental problems are inter-linked, requiring ...

  • Generation using gas-fuelled engines in South Africa – an overview

    Most gas engines are Otto cycle spark ignition internal combustion reciprocating engines using natural gas as the primary fuel. Smaller models utilise stochiometric combustion while the larger engines are lean burn engines with pre-chamber ignition systems. The engines are coupled with packaged generator sets, ...


    By Clarke Energy

  • Closures of mine a new challenge for Romania

    AbstractThe mining activity is one of the oldest activity in Romania, dating from the year 100 B.C. The gold and silver ores represented one of the riches of our country. In time the economic content of metals diminuend, and the ore mines become non profitable. Due to this situation the best option of the State was the closure and ecological rehabilitation of the mines.The steps for the ...


  • Focusing on environmental pressures from long‑distance transport

    The European Environment Agency's (EEA's) annual Transport and Environment Reporting Mechanism (TERM) report presents an overview of transport demand and pressures from the sector on the environment, as well as selected related impacts and policy responses. The report makes use of the latest available data in order to assess key trends and overall progress in meeting policy targets. The 2014 TERM ...

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