total sulphur measurement Articles

  • Sulphur depositions reduced in Norway

    NILU recently presented the results from a study where the total depositions of sulphur and nitrogen compounds in Norway have been estimated with a grid resolution of 50×50 km2, based on available measurements of air and precipitation chemistry. The estimate covered the period from 1978 to 2001.  The Norwegian Ministry of Environment started the programme on Tolerance Levels in Nature in 1989. A ...

  • Dispersion modelling of toxic air pollutants from fossil fuel combustion facilities

    The emissions of toxic air pollutants from three power plants and one oil refinery were measured for a period of six months and dispersion of pollutants were calculated by using Air Dispersion Modelling Software (ADMS–4). The plume concentration of carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, sulphur dioxide and particulate matter were calculated over long distances to estimate the incremental ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Odour reduction strategies for biosolids produced from a Western Australian wastewater treatment plant: results from Phase I laboratory trials

    This study investigated sources of odours from biosolids produced from a Western Australian wastewater treatment plant and examined possible strategies for odour reduction, specifically chemical additions and reduction of centrifuge speed on a laboratory scale. To identify the odorous compounds and assess the effectiveness of the odour reduction measures trialled in this study, headspace ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Air pollution from ships

    Untitled Document Introduction Emissions from shipping contribute significantly to the concentrations and fallout of harmful air pollutants in Europe. ...

  • A hundred-year perspective on sustainability​

    “I’m proud to have the privilege of working for a company whose environmental efforts are characterised by both a long-term approach and a sense of responsibility,” comments Anna Mårtensson, Environmental Manager at Iggesund Paperboard’s Swedish production facility, Iggesund Mill. “Today our environmental impact is almost non-existent compared with the ...


    By Iggesund Forest AB

  • Costs and health benefits of reducing emissions from power stations in Europe

    Current levels of emissions of sulphur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) from power plants generate very significant health and environmental damage across Europe. This study demonstrates that by applying up-to-date emission control technologies, these emissions could come down drastically. By estimating the costs and health benefits of further emission reductions, this study highlights the ...

  • Seabank Power Station, Great Britain

    The challenge was big: For the gas and steam power station in Bristol, Great Britain, that went on stream at the end of the year 2000, the waste water of a near-by sewage plant had to be used as cooling water. Siemens PLC, the designer of the 750 megawatt Seabank Power Station, engaged Grundfos Alldos for this complex and extensive task in chemical engineering. Start of the gigantic project was ...


  • Teamwork Delivering Improved Environmental Performance: Australian Country Spinners Pty Ltd

    Australian Country Spinners, a wool spinning and dyeing company, has implemented a range of cleaner production initiatives that have improved the process efficiency and achieved significant cost savings. Over a three year period the company achieved a 44 per cent reduction in water usage and a 26 per cent reduction in chemical usage, per kilogram of processed yarn. These gains translated to ...


  • Beyond Zero: Integrating behaviour-based safety at ORYX GTL - Case Study

    Situation Located in Ras Laffan Industrial City, the ORYX GTL plant is Qatar's first commercial producer to process natural gas into low-sulphur and environmentally friendly diesel, naphtha, and LPG. 32,000 barrels of diesel and 8,000 barrels of naphtha are produced every day at the site. Using a gas-to-liquids refining process, ORYX GTL is able to produce fuel low in sulphur and aromatic ...

  • Every breath you take — air quality in Europe

    The characters in this story are fictional. However the data are real. The story is set on 27 July 2008 when an air quality warning was issued in Brussels. Anna is 37 years old and lives in the centre of Brussels. She and her young son Johan are planning a trip outside the busy city. Anna suffers from asthma and her doctor has warned of the dangers of air pollution, especially on hot summer days. ...

  • NEC Directive status report 2011

    'The aim [of the National Emission Ceilings Directive] is to limit emissions of acidifying and eutrophying pollutants and ozone precursors in order to improve the protection in the Community of the environment and human health... by establishing national emission ceilings…' Directive 2001/81/EC, the National Emission Ceilings Directive (NECD) (EC, 2001) highlights the importance of ...

  • NEC Directive status report 2010

    Executive Summary This report documents the most recent emissions and projections information provided by the Member States of the European Union under the National Emission Ceilings Directive (NECD) (1) at the end of 2010. The directive requires all 27 Member States to report information annually concerning emissions and projections for four main air pollutants: nitrogen oxides ...

  • Ivey-sol technology has potential to increase oil recovery of oil-sands waste by 15-25 percent

    Alberta’s oil sands are comprised of one of the world's largest sources of bitumen, containing an estimated 1.6 trillion barrels. About two tonnes of oil sands must be dug up and processed to produce one barrel of oil. Oil sands recovery processes include extraction and separation systems to remove bitumen from sand and water. Separating the oil from the sand is difficult and costly, and getting ...


    By Ivey International Inc.

  • Air quality in Europe - 2014 report

    Despite considerable improvements in the past decades, Europe is still far from achieving levels of air quality that do not pose unacceptable risks to humans and the environment. Air pollution is the top environmental risk factor of premature death in Europe; it increases the incidence of a wide range of diseases and has several environmental impacts, damaging vegetation and ecosystems. This ...

  • Chromium detection in water and soil...

    What is chromium? Chromium is a metal that is widely distributed in the earth’s crust (soil and rocks), air and water. Naturally occurring chromium occurs mainly in the chromium (III) form as chromite ore, which contains oxygen, chromium (III) and other metals such as iron. Chromium (VI) compounds are produced commercially from chromite ore for a wide variety of uses. ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Economic Evaluation of Emission Reductions of HFCs, PFCs and SF6 in Europe

     Introduction The Kyoto Protocol under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) regulates emissions of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulphur hexafluoride. Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC) are chemically related anthropogenic greenhouse gases. Because of their depleting ...

  • NEC directive status report 2009

    Executive summary This report documents the most recent emissions and projections information requested under the National Emission Ceilings Directive (NECD) (1) by the end of 2009. The directive requires all 27 Member States of the European Union to report information annually concerning emissions and projections for four main air pollutants: sulphur dioxide (SO2), ...

  • Projections in hindsight - An assessment of past emission projections reported by Member States under EU air pollution and GHG legislation

    Over the past decade, European Union (EU) Member States were required to regularly compile and report official estimates of their projected (future) emissions for the year 2010 under two complementary pieces of legislation: for greenhouse gases (GHGs), the Monitoring Mechanism Decision (MMD), i.e. Decision No 280/2004/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 February 2004 ...

  • EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2016

    1 Guidebook Introduction 1.1 Introduction The joint EMEP (1)/EEA Air Pollutant Emission Inventory Guidebook (the 'Guidebook'), following the 'Guidelines for Reporting Emissions and Projections Data' under the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) (2), provides concise guidance on how ...

  • Removal of Lead from Gasoline

    On 12th March 1997, the European Commission adopted a proposal from the Environment Commissioner Ritt Bjerregaard on a European Union strategy to combat acidification. The strategy will, by 2010, reduce significantly the extent of the areas in the European Union where the tolerance of sensitive ecosystems to acidity is exceeded. Main elements of the strategy include establishment of national ...


    By The World Bank

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