toxic algal bloom Articles

  • Algal bloom causes and prevention

    Algal blooms are also known as marine blooms or water blooms, and are actually a sudden increase in the population of algae in water scenery. Algal blooms usually take place in freshwater, such as lakes and water reservoirs as well as in marine milieus. They can be easily identified by coloration of the water ensuing from the high density of pigmented cells. Though many types of algae can form ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Impacts of Climate Change on the Occurrence of Harmful Algal Blooms

    Climate change has been occurring naturally as well as caused by anthropogenic activities over the decades. In relation to the fresh and marine water, the concentration of greenhouse gases results in temperature rise of surface water, lower pH and changes to precipitation, evaporation and vertical mixing of water. All these consequences of changing the environment in combination with excessive ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Use of molecular markers for early warning detection of harmful algal blooms

    Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) are a biological hazard for, and can also result from, aquaculture. To minimise economic and environmental impacts, an early warning detection system is needed. In this paper, two most commonly used molecular techniques are introduced with applications and examples involving work on the putatively toxic dinoflagellate Pfiesteria piscicida. Unlike previous reviews ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Algal Treatments

    Global warming means algal blooms can only increase. Tom Hall of the WRc Group reports on the latest research into treatment programmes Excessive algal growth in raw water reservoirs can cause severe problems with water supply, even in a traditional UK climate. Global warming means algal problems could become more frequent and acute in the UK, so effective control measures will become more ...


    By WRc plc

  • Economic impact of algae blooms

    How much does an algae bloom cost? What is the price of inaction? Algae and cyanobacteria blooms are issues of considerable concern for environmental agencies, drinking water companies, municipalities and people alike. The incidence of Harmful Algae Blooms (HAB), along with its adverse effects, have been increasing in recent years as a result of climate change, increased fertilizer runoffs into ...


    By LG Sonic

  • LG Sound integrates new technology to detect toxic algae blooms

    LG Sound introduces satellite remote sensing technology in order to detect toxic algae blooms. Satellite remote sensing allows for detection of water quality from a distance with information obtained from satellites. Together with several European universities we discovered that different types of algae require different types of ultrasonic treatment. Therefore, it is important to detect ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Straw preservation effects of Arundo donax L. on its allelopathic activity to toxic and bloom-forming Microcystis aeruginosa

    In this study, straw preservation effects of Arundo donax L. on its allelopathic activity to toxic and bloom-forming Microcystis aeruginosa were investigated. The aquatic extracts of fresh straw significantly inhibited the growth of M. aeruginosa. After 7 d of cultivation, the percentage inhibitions (PIs) of all treated groups were above 60% and the maximum ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Phycotoxins in the marine environment: control of marine organisms for contamination with algal toxins

    On a global scale, the frequency and intensity of toxic algal blooms appear to be on the rise. There is also evidence of geographic spreading of toxic strains. Therefore, it is necessary to establish methods for the evaluation of possible hazards caused by the enrichment of algal toxins in the marine food chain. Different clinical types of algae-related poisoning have attracted scientific ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water drones hunt down, combat toxic algae

    As air drones already exist, a new development has evolved in drone technology, a water-based drone to ensure fast and efficient algae control and treatment. Combating algae is known as a complicated process which requires accurate measurements. A European consortium would like to present the DRONIC project, which will change algae treatment into a new technology that can simplify and ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Installation of four ultrasonic algae control systems in a recreational lake in the province of South Holland

    LG Sonic installed four ultrasonic algae control systems, the MPC-Buoy, in recreational lake “de Zoetermeerse Plas” located in South Holland, the Netherlands. This environmentally friendly system controls toxic algal blooms by using ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Ultrasonic depth sensor to measure water levels

    The Dutch algae control company LG Sonic introduced an ultrasonic depth sensor to give the customers real-time insight in the water levels which allows them to adequately deal with water level fluctuations. Reservoirs used for industrial processes or the production of drinking water often deal with strong water level fluctuations. Due to events of high demand and evaporation, water levels in ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Isolation, identification, and algicidal activity of aerobic denitrifying bacterium R11 and its effect on Microcystis aeruginosa

    Recently, algicidal bacteria have attracted attention as possible agents for the inhibition of algal water blooms. In this study, an aerobic denitrifying bacterium, R11, with high algicidal activity against the toxic Microcystis aeruginosa was isolated from lake sediments. Based on its physiological characteristics and 16S rRNA gene sequence, it was identified as Raoultella, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Combined effects of the cyanobacterial toxin microcystin‐LR and environmental factors on life‐history traits of indigenous cladoceran Moina macrocopa

    Environmental factors are important in that they might interact with toxicants and could affect the concentration‐response relationship of the toxicants in the water environment. Microcystins (MCs) produced by algal blooming are natural toxins that exert severe impact on aquatic organisms. Despite the possibility of interaction effects between environmental factors and MCs, very few studies ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Control and monitor Algae in a Lake - Case Study

    As part of the Clearwater PMPC project, 2 MPC Buoys were deployed in the Skrzyneckie Małe Lake to test the performance of this unique technology. The Challenge: Control and Monitor Toxic Algal Blooms The ClearWaterPMPC project was initiated by LG Sound and funded by "Research for SMEs" within the EU 7th Framework Programme. The goal of the ClearWaterPMPC (Predicting, ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Using UV for Simultaneous Disinfection and Control of Unpleasant Tastes and Odors in Drinking Water

    Algae blooms in surface water sources often lead to off-tastes and odors in finished drinking water. Because public confidence in overall drinking water quality is closely related to aesthetic quality, there is increasing interest in solving taste and odor issues.  UV-oxidation, the combination of UV and hydrogen peroxide, offers the ability to treat taste and odor (T&O) while simultaneously ...

  • Inhibitory mechanisms of Acacia mearnsii extracts on the growth of Microcystis aeruginosa

    Our previous work revealed that Acacia mearnsii extract can inhibit the growth of Microcystis aeruginosa, the common species forming toxic cyanobacterial blooms in eutrophic freshwater. In the present study, we demonstrated that this plant extract can significantly increase cell membrane permeability and Ca2+/Mg2+-ATPase activity on the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Taming Taste & Odor (T&O) Problems - Case Study

    Some taste and odors are caused by mineral constituents in the water, e.g. excess chlorine and hydrogen sulfide. However the majority of taste and odor are the result of biologic activity. Spring turnover of lakes and algal blooms are responsible for Blue-green algae (Cyanobacterium), Green algae and diatoms that introduce filter clogging organisms that also foul anion exchange resins, degrade ...


    By Jenfitch, LLC

  • Effect of photoreactivation on ultraviolet inactivation of Microcystis aeruginosa

    Microcystis aeruginosa forms algal bloom in lakes. They produce toxic compounds such as microcystin. Against such algal problems, the effect of UV treatment was examined. In UV treatment, the effect of photoreactivation should be examined. Photoreactivation is a repair mechanism of genomic DNA damage by sunlight irradiation. UV treatment causes DNA damages on target cyanobacteria, however ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • 3 Common Water Quality Concerns

    About 10 percent of pond owners experience water quality problems in their ponds. Unfortunately, most pond owners pay little attention to managing the quality of water and never get it tested. As a result, the problem is detected only when it gets worst. Water quality is influenced by both natural processes and external environmental factors.Natural factors may include the types of rock and soil ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Why are we monitoring nutrients at different depths?

    Recently, LG Sonic introduced the MPC-Lab, an innovative monitoring buoy that can monitor algae, physico-chemical variables, and even nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus in near real-time and at different depths in a body of water. Combined with our other monitoring tools, this system offers a unique way to detect the spatial and temporal patterns of nutrient concentrations which play a ...


    By LG Sonic

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