toxic waste Articles

  • Why is Energy-from-Waste slow to catch on in the U.S.?

    Nithin Coca reports in TriplePundit that Energy-from-Waste (EfW) is growing fast in Europe and parts of Asia. But it’s relatively stagnant here in the United States. In fact, the percentage of waste we burn for energy is actually slightly down in the past five years. What’s holding the U.S. back from this potentially sustainable solution? This stagnation is even more ...

  • How to choose the best Industrial Water Filtration System for mining applications

    Over the course of the past few decades concern for the environment has brought about a large number of new regulations concerning the use of water in mining operations. These include how it is accessed, and how it is treated, using industrial water filtration to ensure all ...


    By Filtra Systems

  • The Importance of Dewatering

    With spring comes two things: the onset of construction season for most of our country and rain- lots and lots of rain. The unpredictability of storms and the amount of rainfall is all a guessing game.  Jobsites flood, work stalls and projects get delayed. Rain makes it hard to keep dry and on-schedule. What’s the solution? Dewatering is a technique used to control ...


    By Pac-Van, Inc.

  • Tire Shredding: Alternatives to Landfills

    For many reasons, whole tires pose a major problem to landfills. The most obvious is the inefficient use of space. The actual rubber of a tire takes up only a small fraction of the space a tire occupies, and the rest of the space is wasted. A less obvious but far more serious problem is that tires may trap methane gasses when buried with other garbage in landfills. When this happens, the tires ...


    By ECO Green Equipment

  • Chromium toxicity

    Chromium, in the form of unidentified chromium compounds, occurs naturally in the earth’s crust and is widely distributed in air, water, soil, and food. Chromium (3+) is an essential trace element in humans. The general population is exposed to some chromium (6+) compounds, but the levels of exposure vary. Environmental exposure specifically to chromium(6+) compounds is difficult to quantify, ...


    By Valahia University

  • Assessment of toxicity of solid waste in landfill dumpsite by the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure

    The concentrations of Pb, Cd, Cr, Sb, Fe, Zn, Ca, Cu, Ag, Ba and Hg, present in solid wastes of Pallavaram municipality landfill dumpsite located in Chennai were determined and their toxicity was assessed using the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). The TCLP method is a currently recognised international method for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Eco-toxicity of oily wastes containing TENORM

    Oily wastes are considered as one of the most hazardous waste types. Additionally to petroleum components, they can contain radioactive elements. This study aimed to estimate the toxicity of four raw and two treated waste samples obtained from petroleum production yard. Eight elutriate bioassays using plants ( Raphanus sativus and algae Scenedesmus quadricauda ), crustacean ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Plasma Methods for Technology Processing of Toxical Industrial Wastes

    Experimental study of thermal neutralization of some toxic chlorine and bromine industrial wastes, as well as of pesticides with a expired term of validity was carried out in the three-jet plasma reactor . Different physical-chemical methods were used for analysis of products of waste processing. It was shown that plasma technology provides effective processing of toxic ...


  • Toxic and Hazardous Materials in Electronics

    Untitled Document Introduction In October 2000 Environment Canada released a report called Information Technology (IT) and Telecommunications (Telecom) ...

  • Mercury recovery from industrial waste and toxic residues of natural gas drilling

    econ's client in the east of Germany is one of the few specialised companies in Europe for the treatment of mercury contaminated waste. Typical input material for this type of treatment is sludge from the natural gas industry or other residues from chemical processes, i.e. contaminated filter cake from waste water treat-ment. Among their most important clients are Shell, ExxonMobil, Wintershall ...


    By econ industries GmbH

  • The environmental pyramid: a new way to deal with solid toxic waste

    Our society produces large volumes of solid waste, including toxic chemical waste. For toxic solids, the current disposal practice is to dump them into isolated, lined pits, and cover them with a water-impermeable layer with a soil layer on top. Such waste deposits require 'eternal' control and monitoring, because they eventually do leak, contaminating the surrounding soil and groundwater. Here, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessment of Acute Toxicity to Treatment Plants

    Assessment of Acute Toxicity to Treatment Plants Situations often occur where rapid assessment of potential toxicity to a treatment process is needed, for example, when hauled wastes are discharged to treatment plants. In these cases, the test wastewater is added in various ratios to a mixed liquor suspension along with an organic substrate that is known to degrade well by the test culture. ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Toxicity management: it's a bug's life

    Untitled Document Most biological treatment plants that accept industrial wastewaters expirience problems from time to time with ...

  • The true toxicity of combined pollutants in freshwater

    Aquatic organisms are exposed to many stressors, including a variety of pollutants from human activities. New research suggests that commonly used models in toxicological studies can fail to adequately predict the range of effects of complex mixtures of chemicals in aquatic environments. Stress caused by combinations of man-made pollutants found in water systems can compound the effects of ...

  • Sources and levels of potentially toxic elements in the biodegradable fraction of autoclaved non-segregated household waste and its compost/digestate

    Waste that reflected the average UK composition of household waste was treated by autoclaving at the three set pressure/temperature levels of 2.7 bar/130 °C, 6.2 bar/160 °C and 15.5 bar/200 °C. The biodegradable fraction of the autoclaved household waste ('floc') was manually separated by screening and underwent characterization for its Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Hg, Ni, and Zn content. Autoclaving did not ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Effects of climate change on the toxicity of soils polluted by metal mine wastes to Enchytraeus crypticus

    The present study aimed to assess the effects of climate change on the toxicity of metal‐polluted soils. Bioassays with Enchytraeus crypticus were performed in soils polluted by mine wastes (mine tailing, forest and watercourse) and under different combinations of temperature (20 and 25 °C) and soil moisture content (50 and 30% of the soil water holding capacity). Survival and reproduction ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Daphnia magna wastewater toxicity assays: an interlaboratory study

    In order to protect aquatic life, many acute and short-term chronic whole effluent toxicity (WET) tests have been employed for assessment of the toxicity of wastewater. Toxicity tests using biological responses to measure effects provide valuable information about the significance of chemical contamination. The response of an organism to contaminated effluents provides an integrated measure of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Toxic metal ions in water and their prevalence in Uttarakhand, India

    Developmental activities, geological reasons and mixing of industrial wastes are responsible for the deteriorating quality of surface and ground water in the Himalayan state of Uttarakhand. The drinking water sources of 13 districts of Uttarakhand have been assessed for the presence of four toxic metal ions (arsenic, cadmium, chromium and lead). The health aspects of the four metal ions have ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Background Concentrations of 18 Air Toxics for North America

    ABSTRACT Of the 188 hazardous air pollutants, or 'air toxics,' identified by the U.S. Clean Air Act, 18 were targeted as the most important in a 10-city pilot study conducted in 2001 and 2002 as part of the National Air Toxics Trend Sites Program. This paper describes the pilot study. The U.S. Clean Air Act identifies 188 hazardous air pollutants (HAPs), or “air toxics,” associated with ...

  • It is time for changes in the analysis of whole effluent toxicity data

    The whole effluent toxicity (WET) program in the United States, Canada, and other countries typically requires multi concentration testing of effluents. While multiconcentration testing of chemicals is desirable for regulatory and scientific reasons, we believe this requirement is not as efficient for evaluating effluent compliance in a WET program. The key regulatory question of concern is ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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