toxic waste gas Articles

  • Process analytics in vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) plants – Case Study

    Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM), made from ethylene and chlorine by pyrolysis, is the feedstock for the production of the very common plastic material PVC. Modern VCM plants use integrated processes, combining endothermic and exothermic reactions in an almost energy balanced operation. Plants optimize the product quality, plant safety and cost efficiency by using advanced process control equipment ...

  • Mercury recovery from industrial waste and toxic residues of natural gas drilling

    econ's client in the east of Germany is one of the few specialised companies in Europe for the treatment of mercury contaminated waste. Typical input material for this type of treatment is sludge from the natural gas industry or other residues from chemical processes, i.e. contaminated filter cake from waste water treat-ment. Among their most important clients are Shell, ExxonMobil, Wintershall ...


    By econ industries GmbH

  • Use of anaerobic respirometers for measuring gas production in toxicity and treatability tests

    Introduction Anaerobic processes are used widely for stabilizing domestic sludges, treating industrial wastes, and converting biomass to methane. These processes frequently receive complex organic chemicals that are classified as being hazardous or toxic. Despite advances in our understanding of anaerobic reactions, there is limited information regarding the impact of toxic chemicals on the ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Removal of dissolved and dispersed hydrocarbons from oil and gas produced water with MPPE technology to reduce toxicity and allow water reuse

    Abstract Legislation worldwide and current technologies used in the treatment of offshore oil and gas/condensate produced water are mainly aimed at the removal of dispersed hydrocarbons (dispersed oil). From the beginning of this century, new insights in the North Sea area revealed that specific contaminants in produced water are toxic and their impact on the environment was assessed. This ...

  • Modeling Dispersion from Toxic Gas Released after a Train Collision in Graniteville, SC

    ABSTRACT The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) Weather Information and Display System was used to provide meteorological and atmospheric modeling/consequence assessment support to state and local agencies after the collision of two Norfolk Southern ...

  • Bicarbonate toxicity to Ceriodaphnia dubia and the freshwater shrimp Paratya australiensis and its influence on zinc toxicity

    Bicarbonate is often a major ionic constituent associated with produced waters from methane gas extraction and coal mining but few studies have determined its specific toxicity. Currently the environmental risk of bicarbonate anion in water discharges is assessed based on the toxicity of sodium chloride or artificial sea water and is regulated via electrical conductivity. Increased NaHCO3 ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Zero Waste - Zero Waste - Zero Waste

    The Planning Group of the Zero waste International Alliance defines zero waste as: “Zero waste is a goal that is ethical, economical, efficient and visionary, to guide people in changing their lifestyles and practices to emulate sustainable natural cycles, where all discarded materials are designed to become resources for other use.” I recently posted this question on ...


    By ABCOV Companies , LLC

  • Estimation of HAP Emissions from Oil and Gas E&P Operation Wastes

    Wastes generated from oil and gas Exploration and Production (E&P) operations contain chemicals that are considered as toxic air pollutants for the purpose of toxic release inventories (TRI) reports or hazardous air pollutants (HAP) under Title III of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments. A study was conducted to estimate HAP emissions from E&P waste management operations on a per-event basis. The ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Evaluation of Priority Pollutant VOCs in Waste-Water and Solid Waste by EPA Method-624 Gas Chromatography

    Processing waste discharges, manufacturing effluents and sewage would not normally have been a problem 50 years ago, but the advent of almost unchecked industrial growth the latter half of the last century has created the POTENTIAL for a wide variety of characterized pollutants to enter the environment of any municipality. The toxic METALS are tested by approved State & Federal methods defined in ...


    By Buck Scientific Inc

  • How can lead be so crucial, but also so toxic?

    Why is everyone talking about lead? Not long ago, like so many historic buildings in the UK, a local parish church near to where I live had the lead stolen from its roof.  Sadly, this is not so unusual and all the more distressing in this case, both because it holds special memories as the church where my wife and I were married, and also because the lead was stolen during heavy ...

  • `Estimation of HAP Emissions from Oil and Gas E & P Operation Wastes,` presented at AWMA 2000 Conference & Exhibition

    Abstract Wastes generated from oil and gas Exploration and Production (E&P) operations contain chemicals that are considered as toxic air pollutants for the purpose of toxic release inventories (TRI) reports or hazardous air pollutants (HAP) under Title III of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments.  A study was conducted to estimate HAP emissions from E&P waste management ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Gas Safety in Confined Spaces

    Introduction A confined space is any space large enough for someone to enter and perform assigned work, which has limited means of entry or exit, and which is not designed for continuous worker occupancy. This covers just about every industry, including utilities, construction, hydrocarbon exploration and processing, petrochemicals, marine, agriculture, food processing and brewing, as ...

  • Gas safety in confined spaces

    A confined space is any space large enough for someone to enter and perform assigned work, which has limited means of entry or exit, and which is not designed for continuous worker occupancy. This covers just about every industry, including utilities, construction, hydrocarbon exploration and processing, petrochemicals, marine, agriculture, food processing and ...

  • Gas Safety in Confined Spaces

    Introduction An offshore worker ensures a vessel is safe to enter; a plant manager enters a small plant room; a contractor inspects the lining of a sewage pipe.  All these personnel face common dangers, despite working in widely different industries.  Gas-related injury poses a serious threat in any confined space where the free movement of air is limited. A confined space ...

  • Waste Management Solutions for Business

    How to win the race for everyone Waste Management Solutions for Business Industry will always lead the way in the adaptation of new technology, and especially the technology of conservation. This is not necessarily for any ideological reason, but because the people who manage water use better understand the economic incentives for adopting new ...


  • Toxins Found in E-Waste

    One of the worst effects of a skyrocketing, global e-waste crisis is the risk of toxic contamination for the environment and communities. In fact, delving into the many chemical and heavy metal materials that make up most electronic devices, it seems that toxins and electronics go hand in hand. Though many manufacturers of electronic devices are finding innovative ways to work around toxins found ...

  • FRACKING: Freeing Energy Resources versus Polluting the Earth and Public Health with Radiation and Toxic Chemicals?

    Fracking demands the use of millions of gallons of water, precious drinking water, and sand infused with up to 1,000 different toxic chemicals to fracture the shale rock and release the trapped gas or oil. The wastewater, brine, and sludge are then returned to the surface and in need of disposal. Unfortunately there is not yet a clear and safe method of disposal or storage. Among these chemicals ...


    By Technical Associates

  • All Waste is not created equal

    If you live in a house, apartment or similar abode, you produce waste. Right? You probably can't go a week without producing waste. All kinds of waste. Call it trash if you want. It's still waste. And if you don't live where recycling is mandatory or there is no outlet for your voluntary environmental tendencies, everything goes into the trash - bottles, cans, cardboard, plastics, bottle caps, ...


  • Management of Hazardous Wastes

    ' Management of hazardous waste is a growing concern in many countries. The long-term impacts and costs of improper disposal can be very high and the emphasis must be on prevention. A comprehensive management system should include (i) policies, institutions and effective regulations and (ii) adequate and acceptable disposal facilities (either public or private). This note outlines the key ...


    By The World Bank

  • Heavy Metals in Waste

    Untitled Document Summary and discussion The aim of this report has been to demonstrate the existing knowledge regardng the harmful effects of heavy metals, the ...

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