trace gas Articles

  • Oil pollution in the Caspian Sea coastal waters

    The study aims to investigate hydrocarbon and pollutant concentrations in the southern coastal waters of the Caspian Sea to trace their origins and nature, including the effect of the beach materials on hydrocarbons for 11 sites in Golestan, Mazandaran, and Guilan provinces. Samples were collected from sandy and rocky sites for gas chromatography in five carbon ranges of gasoline, diesel oil, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A Hazardous Road to Success

    Chromatotec have established themselves in the Forefront of Sulphur Analysis in Hazardous Areas. Their latest Enhancement of their MEDOR range has Augmented their Rapid Rise in this Expanding Market. Most natural gas production and exploitation sites are considered to be hazardous area. This is certainly the case when it comes to Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG) sites. It is vital ...


    By Chromatotec Group

  • Permanent Monitoring Systems for Seabed Leakage Detection

    Seabed leaks Where do they come from? Natural vents: Faults, Pockmarks, and Chimneys Melting hydrates Shallow gas layers Long term leakage along well casings (cracked cement) Injection: fault re-activation/fracturin Lost well control nd failing barriers The mysterious pockmarks at the ...


    By Franatech GmbH

  • Analysis of Pesticides in Baby Foods Using a GCMS-TQ8030 GC/MS/MS, Part II

    Contamination of food products with pesticides is a growing concern because of recognized adverse health effects, increasing world-wide usage of pesticides, and increasing imports of raw foodstuffs from foreign sources. The concern is particularly acute for baby foods because of the high vulnerability of babies to health effects from synthetic chemicals such as pesticides. Gas chromatography ...

  • Pesticide Analysis by GC / ECD / NPD & FID

    Since 1963, when Rachel Carson published Silent Spring about the destructive power of synthetic chemicals, regulatory agencies in the U.S. have increasingly restricted the manufacture and use of pesticides. The goals of pesticide regulations are to eliminate the use of persistent chemicals like DDT, and to encourage the development of safe, targetspecific compounds. Because of the high ...


    By Buck Scientific Inc

  • Dispersion modelling near tunnel exits: simulation and measurements

    Measurements of car exhaust gases were made in May/June 1995 in the vicinity of the Bielefeld tunnel. CO and NOx from car exhausts were measured to allow comparison with a model simulation. Ozone was also measured. These measurements were made using commercial continuous analysers. A valve control system was used to investigate the dispersion of the trace gases. This allowed measurements at ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analysis of Pesticides in Citrus Oil Using a Shimadzu GCMS-TQ8030

    Contamination of consumer products with pesticides is a growing concern because of recognized adverse health effects, increasing world-wide usage of pesticides, and imports of raw materials from foreign sources. Citrus oils have been used for centuries for a wide range of applications: flavor/fragrance, various medicinal purposes, and others. In recent years, new uses of citrus oils as cleaners ...

  • Characterization of Polymer Carbon Sieves, Graphitized Polymer Carbons and Graphitized Carbon Blacks for Sample Preparation Applications

    The use of carbons in sample preparation techniques such as solid phase extraction (SPE) and air sampling has been ongoing for several decades. Recent advancements in sample preparation techniques have led to the use of carbons in micro-SPE (i.e., pipette tips packed with particles), solid phase microextraction (SPME) techniques and carbon coatings for both gas and liquid sample preparation ...


    By MilliporeSigma

  • Reducing the Detection Limits for a Process Moisture Analyzer

    KEYWORDS Moisture Analyzer, Piezoelectric Sensor, Smart Transmitter, Internal Verification, Quartz-Crystal Microbalance ABSTRACT Piezoelectric moisture analyzers have been used in the process industry for over two decades. While this is an older technology for measuring moisture in gas phase samples, it is still one of the most reliable in ...

  • Modelling methane and vinyl chloride in soil surrounding landfills

    Sanitary landfilling is used in many countries as a preferred method for disposal of household wastes for reasons of simplicity and economics. Immediately following its deposition within a landfill, most of the organic fraction of waste will begin to undergo degradation through chemical and bacterial action. Landfill gas (LFG) is a product of biodegradation and consists of primarily methane ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Process analytics support higher yields in biogas plants – Case Study

    The production of biogas by means of the anaerobic, microbial breakdown of organic substances in “biogas plants” is growing in significance, especially against a background of increasingly scarce and expensive fossil fuels. The key energy-generating element is methane. Depending on the baseline conditions, biogas also contains small quantities of water vapor, hydrogen sulfide (H2S), ...

  • Cooling tower legionella pneumophila study CDC

    Abstract Since the late 1970s, there have been many small and large outbreaks of Legionnaires’ disease. Most of these outbreaks have been traced to either cooling tower water systems or potable water systems. Although the bacteria most often associated with Legionnair’s disease, Legionella pneumophila, is present in many waater systems, outbreaks are usually a result of ...


    By Zentox Corporation

  • Glutaraldehyde – Health Hazards in Hospitals and Healthcare Facilities

    Glutaraldehyde is very similar to Formaldehyde in its structure and uses in the healthcare industry. Chemically, Glutaraldehyde exists at room temperature as a liquid, whereas Formaldehyde exists under those conditions as a gas, which can easily be dissolved in water. Glutaraldehyde is very similar to formaldehyde in its structure and uses in the healthcare industry. Chemically, ...


    By Atlantic Environmental, Inc.

  • Evaluating emergency response models of radiological dispersion in complex terrain

    Operational airborne releases of trace quantities of the radioactive noble gas 41Ar from the HIFAR Nuclear Research Reactor located in Sydney, Australia, are valuable for evaluating emergency response models incorporating radiological dispersion. A network of meteorological stations and GR–150 environmental gamma dose detectors are placed in the complex terrain within a 5 km radius of the site. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparison of Impinger and Canister Methods for the Determination of Siloxanes in Air

    Abstract Tliis paper compares canister and impinger methods for the analysis of siloxanes in air by gas chromatography/inass spectrometry (GC/MS). Siloxanes are frequently found in commercial and consume? products such as detergents and cosmetics. Most low molecular weight siloxane compounds volatize quickly into the atmosphere; however, some end up in wastewater or landfills when consumer ...


    By Eurofins Air Toxics Inc

  • A Guide to Oil in Water Monitoring for Environmental Compliance

    Applications for industrial oil in water monitoring can vary greatly. In upstream and midstream oil and gas production applications, monitoring separation efficiencies is key to optimize production rates, preventative maintenance, chemical use, flow, and environmental compliance. Separated water from the oil is called produced water and it must be cleaned of oil before disposal or ...


    By Arjay Engineering Ltd.

  • Analysis of Opioids Using Isotope Dilution with GCMS-TQ8030 GC/MS/MS

    Development of methods for analysis of drugs of abuse has become a high priority for both forensic toxicology and law enforcement. The large numbers of individual drugs and new "designer drugs" has made method development for these compounds a significant undertaking. Gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCMS) has been used extensively for analysis of drug residues and trace-level drugs in ...

  • The fate of 14C-radiolabelled diclofenac and 4′-hydroxydiclofenac in membrane bioreactor treatment of wastewater

    This study aimed at enhancing knowledge on the fate of diclofenac (DF), together with its main human metabolite 4′-hydroxydiclofenac (4′OHDF), during wastewater treatment by using a laboratory-scale membrane bioreactor (MBR). The reactor was fed continuously with non-radiolabelled diclofenac for a one month period prior to a single pulse of a 14C-radiolabelled solution of DF and 4′OHDF. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Alpha Factors in Full-Scale Wastewater Aeration Systems

    ABSTRACTSurface active agents depress gas transfer at gas-liquid interfaces. They are present as measurable trace contaminants at all environmental and at most industrial gas-liquid interfaces. This paper presents the results of several studies, including lab and full scale studies that show the depression of gas transfer, usually quantified by the alpha factor, can be related to the Reynolds ...

  • Biodegradation of methane and halocarbons in simulated landfill biocover systems containing compost materials

    The attenuation potential of methane (CH4) and of selected volatile organic compounds (VOCs) was compared in four types of compost materials using dynamic flow column experiments over a period of 255 d. Garden waste compost mixed with wood chips showed the highest steady-state CH4 oxidation rate (161 g m–2 d–1), followed by a commercial compost product Supermuld (110 g m–2 d–1). In the column ...

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