turbidity after filtration Articles

  • Roughing filtration as an effective pre-treatment system for high turbidity water

    Effective water treatment is the prime goal of every water treatment facility. Chakwal Water Treatment Plant in Pakistan has been treating high-turbidity surface water through crude coagulation, sedimentation and slow sand filtration since the early 1980s. The process has always been tedious in terms of high coagulant dosage, large volumes of sludge and short filter runs especially after wet ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Strategies of coagulant optimisation to improve the removal of turbidity and Ceratium hirundinella cells during conventional drinking water purification

    The dinoflagellate, Ceratium hirundinella (C. hirundinella) cells are known to cause many problems when source water due for purification contains relatively high concentrations. The objective of this study was to investigate strategies for the effective and simultaneous removal of turbidity and C. hirundinella cells using turbidity and total photosynthetic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Use of horizontal flow roughing filtration in drinking water treatment

    In order to evaluate the feasibility of implementation of horizontal-flow roughing filtration for drinking water treatment a pilot was designed and run at the bank of Zayandehroud river near the village of Chamkhalifeh. Pilot running was performed in summer 2003 (July, August and September), when the quality of river water was in relatively worst condition. The filter is comprised from three ...

  • Household rainwater harvesting system – pilot scale gravity driven membrane-based filtration system

    This paper presents the results of a pilot scale study consisting of pre-treatment with a granular activated carbon (GAC) filter followed by membrane filtration. Detailed characterisation of rainwater tanks has highlighted that turbidity, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and heavy metals, in particular lead, were not compliant with the 2004 Australian Drinking Water Guidelines (ADWG). Further, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • World’s largest compressible media filtration plant eliminates combined sewer overflows, with potential for dry-weather use

    The City of Springfield, Ohio, recently opened its 100 MGD enhanced high-rate treatment facility, designed to treat and disinfect combined high-volume stormwater and wastewater flows generated by wet-weather conditions. Utilizing EPA-documented Compressible Media Filtration technology – FlexFilter™ from WesTech – the system can also provide tertiary filtration and disinfection ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Laboratory evaluation of a water-treatment sequence using Moringa oleifera seed coagulant

    A water extract of Moringa. oleifera seed was applied to a treatment sequence comprising coagulation-flocculation-sedimentation-sand filtration. Model waters (kaolinite suspensions) of turbidities 10, 100, 300 and 700 NTU were prepared. For the 10 NTU water, the optimum dose was only evident when sand filtration was incorporated into the treatment sequence. For the higher water turbidities ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Physicochemical treatment of office and public buildings greywater

    The current study analyses the performance of deep sand filtration of greywater from an office building and the performance of a combined physicochemical process comprising of coagulation, sedimentation and filtration. Raw greywater quality exhibited very high variability with average turbidity of 35 NTU, and TSS, CODt, and BOD of 45, 240, 75 mg/l respectively. The stand-alone filter removed 50 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of modified design pond sand filters

    Two pond sand filters (PSFs) with modified design were constructed in Pathorghata Upazila of Barguna District located in southern Bangladesh. Performance assessment of the PSFs was done after commissioning in terms of quality of filtered water, ease of operation and maintenance, monthly check-up of production capacity/efficiency of the filters, users' participation and acceptability of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ceramic membrane ultrafiltration of natural surface water with ultrasound enhanced backwashing

    Ultrafiltration membrane cleaning with ultrasound enhanced backwashing was investigated with two ceramic membrane systems in parallel. One of them was subjected to ultrasound during backwashing, the other acted as a reference system. The feed water was directly taken from a creek with a sedimentation process as only pre-treatment. The cleaning performance was improved with ultrasound but after 3 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Magnetic seeding of non-magnetic adsorbent powders by coagulation using ferric chloride and magnetite

    A magnetic modification of conventional adsorbent powders to remove them rapidly from water is investigated. In this paper we study the possibility of using a non-magnetic adsorbent powder mixed with magnetite and a coagulant such as ferric chloride added after the adsorption to create magnetic flocs that can be magnetically separated (magnetic seeding). A natural zeolite and Na-activated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Uptown shopping center

    ChitoVan Chitosan Lactate Cartridge Pretreatment and Sand Filtration Urban development and redevelopment present a host of challenges - not the least of which is managing site stormwater runoff. In a northern suburb of Vancouver Island’s beautiful city of Victoria, BC the stormwater challenge was met and bested through the application of both passive and active chitosan stormwater ...


    By Dungeness Environmental

  • Membrane bioreactor application within the treatment of high-strength textile effluent

    A pilot-scale dual-stage membrane bioreactor (dsMBR) incorporating two ultra-filtration (UF) side-stream membrane modules was designed, constructed, operated and evaluated on-site for treating high-strength textile effluent. The effluent stream was characterised by a COD range of between 45 to 2,820 mg/L and an average BOD of 192.5 mg/L. The dsMBR achieved an average COD reduction of 75% with a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characterisation of RO fouling in an integrated MBR/RO system for wastewater reuse

    Membrane filtration has gradually gained acceptance as the preferred pre-treatment for reverse osmosis (RO). In this paper, an integrated membrane bioreactor (MBR)/RO system for wastewater reuse treating real sewage water has been evaluated and the RO fouling has been characterised. The MBR achieved low values of organic matter, total nitrogen, PO43−, total organic carbon, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Design and management of rainwater harvesting systems to control water quality for potable purposes in Cu Khe, Vietnam

    There are debates about whether rainwater is suitable as drinking water. A serious shortcoming of the debate is that there are differences in the design and management of rainwater harvesting (RWH) systems. This study is based on the performance of two RWH systems that are used for drinking purposes at a kindergarten and a primary school in Cu Khe, Vietnam. Each system comprised a painted ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Filtralite Fredrikstad

    When renovating the filters the waterworks was interested in testing alternative filter media and replaced the anthracite layer in one of the filters with Filtralite® media for evaluation. Filtralite® is a filter media made of expanded clay and delivered by Saint-Gobain (Weber). In March 2002 Filtralite® media was installed on top of the existing sand in one out of totally 8 filters. ...

  • MEG energy corporation – christina lake project produced water softening system

    The Facility The Christina Lake Regional Project is centrally located among the main commercial “it situ” oil sands developments of the Canadian Athabasca oil sands region. The reservoir has been estimated to contain over 6 billion barrels of bitumen in place and approximately 2.8 billion barrels of recoverable resources. The Problem The hot ...

  • Five Common Problems with Raw Water Treatment and How to Avoid Them

    For industrial companies treating a raw water source for its processes, there are several issues that can surface during treatment that we see on a regular basis. We’ve broken out the five most common problems with raw water treatment and how to avoid them below. Whether you’re designing a new plant or updating existing equipment, avoiding these five common raw water ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Blairlinnans WTW, Scottish Water, 91 MLD

    The Client Scottish Water is the UK's fourth largest water utility. They are responsible for the whole of Scotland and islands around the Scottish coast, including the major cities of Glasgow, Edinburgh and Aberdeen. The Client's Needs Scottish Water required a new water treatment works in the Glasgow area to meet revised water quality standards, particularly ...


  • Removal of DOC and DBP Precursors from a Surface Water Supply

    Background: The 2.5 MLD Airey’s Inlet Water Treatment Plant is conventional alum coagulation, sludge blanket clarification, filtration WTP. It sources raw water from the 514 ML Painkalac Dam situated in the Angahook State Park This raw water is soft and high in colour and dissolved organic carbon (DOC). After heavy rainfalls, colour and DOC content are known to further increase along with a spike ...


    By IXOM Watercare

  • Magnetized manganese oxide nanocomposite for effective decontamination of Cd(II) from wastewaters

    In this study, a composite with magnetic properties has been successfully synthesized by a novel and environmentally friendly route and is applied to Cd(II) adsorption for water decontamination. The quantification of the phases obtained by Rietveld refinement has shown the presence of 84% of Mn3O4 and 16% of Fe3O4. Transmission electron microscopy image shows an ...


    By IWA Publishing

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