turbidity testing Articles

  • The effectiveness of humic acids coagulation with the use of cationic polyacrylamides

    The chemical coagulation process is a popular method for eliminating the precursors of disinfection by-products. This study presents the results of a laboratory experiment which investigates the use of cationic polyacrylamide copolymers (CPAMs) as primary coagulants in the purification of solutions containing humic acids (HA). A number of polymers with various molecular weight and charge density ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Accuracy of different sensors for the estimation of pollutant concentrations (total suspended solids, total and dissolved chemical oxygen demand) in wastewater and stormwater

    Many field investigations have used continuous sensors (turbidimeters and/or ultraviolet (UV)-visible spectrophotometers) to estimate with a short time step pollutant concentrations in sewer systems. Few, if any, publications compare the performance of various sensors for the same set of samples. Different surrogate sensors (turbidity sensors, UV-visible spectrophotometer, pH meter, conductivity ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Predicting the performance of multi-media filters using artificial neural networks

    The impact of flow rate and turbidity on the performance of multi-media filtration has been studied using an artificial neural network (ANN) based model. The ANN model was developed and tested based on experimental data collected from a pilot scale multi-media filter system. Several ANN models were tested, and the best results with the lowest errors were achieved with two hidden layers and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of four polyelectrolytes as flocculation aids in the primary treatment of textile effluents

    Samples of textile effluents were subjected to physico-chemical treatment using alum, Polyaluminium Chloride (PAC), and different anionic and cationic acrylamide copolymers. Except for alum, all chemicals were tested individually. Combinations of alum and PAC with different anionic and cationic polyelectrolytes were also tested. Results indicated the anionic polyelectrolyte to be the best polymer ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Influence of operating parameters on the performance of a household slow sand filter

    The biosand filter (BSF), an intermittently operated household slow sand filter, is one of the commonly used household water purification methods in the rural areas of developing countries. In this study, long-duration tests were conducted in the laboratory to investigate the influence of two important operating parameters, namely the pause period (idle time) and the charge volume on the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Well Water Treatment Systems

    Well Water Treatment Systems | Industrial & Commercial Well water treatment systems are used to purify water and eliminate impurities from all types of well water (dug wells - driven wells - drilled wells). To have the right and the most efficient well water treatment system, you need to correctly analyze the well water chemistry and to have a fundamental understanding of how ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Case study - Hong Kong

    To meet the forecasted increases in demand for potable water, the new Tai Po Water Treatment Works has been built in Hong Kong. The plant has a production capacity of 1200 Ml/day This solution strongly reduced the chlorine demand for the plant compared to the alternative execution with break point chlorina The water treatment works takes water from the river Dongjiang in the Guangdong ...


    By Filtralite - Leca Norge As

  • Loch Turret water treatment works

    Actiflo® high rate sand ballasted clarification & multiflo lamella sludge thickening plant The Loch Turret upgrade was the largest drinking water project for Scottish Water in the latest investment period. The scheme was taken over in 2010 and is delivers approx 85 million litres of drinking water per day The Client Scottish Water is the UK's fourth largest ...


  • How & Why We Measure Suspended Solids

    In case you weren’t sure, Suspended Solids is simply a density measurement used to describe exactly how much waste sludge and particles are in the water, and is measured in milligrams per litre (mg/l), grams per litre (g/l) or percentage solid (%). 1000mg/l = 1g/l = 0.1%. It is used to calculate the amount of material, or load, in a wastewater or industrial system. Suspended Solids ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • POE sediment filtration — your first line of defense

    Around the country, our aging water delivery infrastructure is coated with sediment and scale from a century or more of buildup. Those same tuberculated pipes are constantly challenged by daily tie-ins, repairs, flow tests and fire hydrant use in most cities and towns. The result is that drinking water that left the municipal treatment plant at top quality arrives in users’ glasses — or in their ...

  • National instruments features Watertectonics` Waveionics user interface and control system

    Using National Instruments products like LabVIEW and Compact FieldPoint Controllers, WATERTECTONICS has developed a user interface for the WaveIonics electrocoagulation system that is flexible, automated, and robust. With the tight integration between NI hardward and software, WATERTECTONICS was able to test coding extensively on a PC before deploying it to a system. Plus, it was easy to adapt ...


    By Water Tectonics, Inc.

  • Fabrication and application of boron doped diamond BDD electrode in olive mill wastewater treatment in Jordan

    A boron doped diamond (BDD) electrode was employed in an electrochemical reactor to oxidize the phenolic content of Jordanian olive mill wastewater. The BDD anode was fabricated using hot filament chemical vapor deposition on niobium and the morphology of the BDD electrode was characterized using an atomic force microscope. Then, electrolysis batch runs were carried out at laboratory scale to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simulation of NOM events in pilot plant evaluation of DAF/Ozone/BAC for drinking water treatment

    Pilot plant testing is invaluable for ascertaining the robustness of water treatment processes against raw water quality events such as turbidity and colour spikes, whether it be for stress testing of an existing process or designing of a new process. Unfortunately, the natural occurrence of such events (particularly colour) can be difficult to predict and commercial humic materials generally ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of norovirus from water by coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation processes

    In this study, we determined the removal of a prototype human norovirus (Norwalk virus, NV) by bench-scale alum coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation processes using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for norovirus assays. After determining optimum conditions for the coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation processes in terms of turbidity reduction, jar tests were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The effectiveness of humic acid coagulation with the use of cationic polyacrylamides

    The chemical coagulation process is a popular method for eliminating the precursors of disinfection by-products. This study presents the results of a laboratory experiment which investigates the use of cationic polyacrylamide copolymers (CPAMs) as primary coagulants in the purification of solutions containing humic acids (HA). A number of polymers with various molecular weight and charge density ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sand & Gravel Industry Wastewater Treatment

    Sand & Gravel Industry Wastewater Test Floccin™ 909 Wastewater Treatability Test The wastewater sample that was received from the facility was at a pH of 6. The sample was jar tested with the Floccin™ ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Fluorescent microspheres as surrogates to assess oocyst removal efficacy from a modified slow sand biofiltration water treatment system

    There has been a resurgence of interest, technological advancement, and implementation of biologically active slow sand filtration technologies for small-scale potable water treatment in North America. Modelling the fate and transport of pathogenic microorganisms is vital to assess technological safety and for licensing, permitting and regulatory validation. The efficacy of a modified slow sand ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Alginate biopolymer production by Azotobacter chroococcum from whey degradation

    Abstract: The potential of three Azotobacter chroococcum strains for whey degradation and alginate production were investigated. After dilution, samples were spread plated on isolation agar and Manitol agar and incubated at 30 °C for 24 h. Microorganisms were screened for their ability to whey degradation and alginate production based on colony morphology, negative and capsule staining, ability ...

  • Log yard water treatment study - Case Study

    Stormwater run-off from log yards and saw mills has long been a difficult waste stream to manage. The challenge arises from ability of wood and bark to easily leach high levels of organics (tannins, lignins, phenolics and resin acids) into mobile water. These organics can remain in the suspended state for months and exhibit toxicity to aquatic life as organisms break them down leading to a ...

  • Updating national standards for drinking-water: a Philippine experience

    The latest version of the Philippine National Standards for Drinking-Water (PNSDW) was issued in 2007 by the Department of Health (DOH). Due to several issues and concerns, the DOH decided to make an update which is relevant and necessary to meet the needs of the stakeholders. As an output, the water quality parameters are now categorized into mandatory, primary, and secondary. The ten ...


    By IWA Publishing

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