turbidity testing Articles

  • Applying reliability analysis to evaluate water treatment plants

    The aim of this study was to demonstrate the applicability of reliability analysis to a water treatment plant (WTP). Data from daily monitoring of raw and finished water quality from a direct filtration WTP covered the parameters of turbidity, apparent colour, pH, aluminum, chlorine and fluoride, from December 2007 to August 2011. Data analysis included descriptive statistics and adherence tests ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water quality monitoring with online change-point detection methods

    We develop an approach for water quality time series monitoring and contamination event detection. The approach combines affine projection algorithms and an autoregressive (AR) model to predict water quality time series. Then, we apply online change-point detection methods to the estimated residuals to determine the presence, or not, of contamination events. Particularly, we compare the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Portable UVT Reigns Supreme - Case Study

    It may be small, but my word it’s effective. One of the newest products into the Partech catalogue, the Sensorex Portable UVT, has already proved its worth in challenging conditions within demanding industry trial. The convenient, user-friendly transmittance instrument with its world leading UV-C LED technology was tested alongside more expensive and unnecessarily complicated equipment ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • The color removal and fate of organic pollutants in a pilot-scale MBR-NF combined process treating textile wastewater with high water recovery

    A combination of membrane bioreactor (MBR) and nanofiltration (NF) was tested at pilot-scale treating textile wastewater from the wastewater treatment station of a textile mill in Wuqing District of Tianjin (China). The MBR-NF process showed a much better treatment efficiency on the removal of the chemical oxygen demand, total organic carbon, color and turbidity in comparison with the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Five Common Problems with Raw Water Treatment and How to Avoid Them

    For industrial companies treating a raw water source for its processes, there are several issues that can surface during treatment that we see on a regular basis. We’ve broken out the five most common problems with raw water treatment and how to avoid them below. Whether you’re designing a new plant or updating existing equipment, avoiding these five common raw water ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Employing flexible data management solutions that deliver improved productivity and quality in the water and environmental industry

    This article will discuss the industry trends and challenges environmental monitoring organizations face today and will demonstrate how the use of a Laboratory Information Management System (LIMS) allows managers to make informed decisions to improve throughput, resolve environmental issues and risks faster, all while enabling organizations to comply with strict regulatory guidelines. An ...

  • Do sales models influence the purchase and use of ceramic filters in rural areas of Kenya and Bolivia?

    Demand for safe water, as well as access to adequate and affordable products for drinking water treatment, is key for household water treatment (HWT) in low-income countries. Critical barriers, particularly in rural areas, are the lack of adequate marketing and sales models and the challenge of setting up distribution channels that reach low-income customers, leading to the unavailability of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Freeze–thaw treatment of RBC sludge from a remote mining exploration facility in subarctic Canada

    Freeze–thaw conditioning of RBC (Rotating Biological Contactor) sludge was tested using a pilot-scale freezing bed placed in a mobile freezer operated at −10°C. Sludge samples from a remote mining exploration facility were flown in every 2 weeks, and added to the freezing bed in 8 layers of 10 cm thick. Approximately 4 months after the first layer of sludge was added, the pilot unit was removed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluating a composite cartridge for small system drinking water treatment

    A pilot-scale evaluation was conducted at the U.S Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Test & Evaluation (T&E) Facility in Cincinnati, Ohio, on a multi-layer, cartridge-based system that combines physical filtration with carbon adsorption and ultraviolet (UV) light disinfection to serve as a home-base water treatment security device against accidental or intentional contaminant events. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Updating national standards for drinking-water: a Philippine experience

    The latest version of the Philippine National Standards for Drinking-Water (PNSDW) was issued in 2007 by the Department of Health (DOH). Due to several issues and concerns, the DOH decided to make an update which is relevant and necessary to meet the needs of the stakeholders. As an output, the water quality parameters are now categorized into mandatory, primary, and secondary. The ten ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane bioreactor application within the treatment of high-strength textile effluent

    A pilot-scale dual-stage membrane bioreactor (dsMBR) incorporating two ultra-filtration (UF) side-stream membrane modules was designed, constructed, operated and evaluated on-site for treating high-strength textile effluent. The effluent stream was characterised by a COD range of between 45 to 2,820 mg/L and an average BOD of 192.5 mg/L. The dsMBR achieved an average COD reduction of 75% with a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Preliminary stabilisation of stormwater biofilters and loss of filter material

    Stabilisation affects performance of stormwater biofilters operating under intermittent wetting and drying, mainly due to wash-off of filter material. Understanding the dynamics of solids wash-off is crucial in designing stormwater biofilters. The current study analysed the dynamics of solids wash-off in stormwater biofilters and quantified the loss of solids from the filter. Four Perspex™ ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dewatering sludge originating in water treatment works in reed bed systems

    The dewatering process of the liquid water works sludge was examined in a trial with a series of six trial beds, each 20 m2. These were monitored from April 2008 to June 2010. It is possible to get the vegetation to grow in ferric sludge (∼300,000 mg Fe/kg dry solid, pH 7,7). It has not been necessary to use fertilizer. The influence of the loading programs (15–50 kg dry solid/m2/year) was tested ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Methodology for sampling drinking water discolouration loose deposits at low velocities

    The occurrence of discoloured water at the tap is one of the most frequent reasons for customers to complain. Water discolouration arises from the re-suspension of loose deposits (LD) that accumulate in drinking water pipes, due to velocity increase. Because of its typical brownish/reddish colour, discoloured water is traditionally perceived as a consequence of cast-iron pipe corrosion, even in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Quantitative analysis of microbial contamination in private drinking water supply systems

    Over one million households rely on private water supplies (e.g. well, spring, cistern) in the Commonwealth of Virginia, USA. The present study tested 538 private wells and springs in 20 Virginia counties for total coliforms (TCs) and Escherichia coli along with a suite of chemical contaminants. A logistic regression analysis was used to investigate potential correlations between TC ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Chemical pretreatment of combined sewer overflows for improved UV disinfection

    The aim of this research was to better understand chemical pre-treatment of combined sewer overflows (CSOs) for subsequent ultraviolet (UV) disinfection. Approximately 200 jar tests were completed. Alum (Al2(S04)3·12H2O) resulted in a higher UV light transmission (UVT), and equivalent total suspended solids (TSS) removal, than ferric chloride (FeCl3). An ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Post-treatment of sanitary landfill leachate by coagulation–flocculation using chitosan as primary coagulant

    Chitosan was chosen as an alternative primary coagulant in a complementary coagulation–flocculation treatment of sanitary landfill leachate with the aim of removing recalcitrant organic matter. In order to optimize the process conditions, central composite design and response surface methodology were applied. To evaluate the performance of the process using chitosan, we also carried out tests ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Park City, Utah Arsenic removal from ground water

    Background Park City Utah Water, which serves a population of 6,500, has five water sources. Spiro Tunnel and Spiro Portal are two that were in need of Iron and Manganese removal as well as above limits for Arsenic. Filtronics was engaged by the engineering firm of Eckhoff, Watson and Preator (EWP), Salt Lake City, to perform pilot tests for the Park City Municipal Corporation. The ...


    By Filtronics, Incorporated

  • Enhanced membrane bioreactor process without chemical cleaning

    In membrane bioreactors (MBR) for wastewater treatment, the separation of activated sludge and treated water takes place by membrane filtration. Due to the small footprint and superior effluent quality, the number of membrane bioreactors used in wastewater treatment is rapidly increasing. A major challenge in this process is the fouling of the membranes which results in permeability decrease and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bioremediation of pollutant-contaminated water

    Raw water resources in Kafr El-Sheikh Governorate are affected by many contaminants particularly during the winter season and low demand period of the Nile River, in which water level decreases and organic matter increases resulting in decreased dissolved oxygen, and increased ammonia, nitrite and bacterial load in the water. In this study, physicochemical and microbiological characteristics ...


    By IWA Publishing

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