two-stage anaerobic digestion Articles

  • Treatment of corn ethanol distillery wastewater using two-stage anaerobic digestion

    In this study the mesophilic two-stage anaerobic digestion (AD) of corn bioethanol distillery wastewater is investigated in laboratory-scale reactors. Two-stage AD technology separates the different sub-processes of the AD in two distinct reactors, enabling the use of optimal conditions for the different microbial consortia involved in the different process phases, and thus allowing for higher ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic Digest

    Wilsonville, Oregon: Food Scraps Digester Proposed An anaerobic digester with capacity to process 50,000 to 70,000 tons/year of commercial food waste is being proposed in Wilsonville by Sustainable Organics Recycling Technology (SORT) Bioenergy. Wilsonville is in the Portland metro area. Currently, a portion of commercial food scraps from the metro area are hauled to the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Advances in Thermophilic Anaerobic Digestion

    ABSTRACTSignificant advances have been made in the knowledge base and practical options for improving thermophilic anaerobic digestion over the past 10 to 15 years. Today, more options exist that promise to enhance the degree of stabilization achieved and finished product quality in new and retrofitted existing processes. In parallel, the body of knowledge regarding pathogen inactivation in these ...

  • Application of acidic thermal treatment for one- and two-stage anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge

    The effectiveness of acidic thermal treatment (ATT) was examined in a 106-day continuous experiment, when applied to one- or two-stage anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge (4.3% TS). The ATT was performed at 170°C and pH 5 for 1 hour (sulfuric acid for lowering pH). The one-stage process was mesophilic at 20 days hydraulic retention time (HRT), and incorporated the ATT as pre-treatment. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance results of the treatment of stillage using two-stage anaerobic digestion coupled to membrane filtration at different operating conditions

    The production of ethanol is results in generation of large amounts of liquid residue (stillage). Anaerobic membrane bioreactors (AnMBRs) are a promising technology primarily for the treatment of high strength wastewater, having lower energy requirements as compared to aerobic ones and higher effluent quality as compared to conventional anaerobic reactors. AnMBR applied to stillage treatment ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fate of pathogen indicators in a domestic blend of food waste and wastewater through a two-stage anaerobic digestion system

    Anaerobic digestion is a viable on-site treatment technology for rich organic waste streams such as food waste and blackwater. In contrast to large-scale municipal wastewater treatment plants which are typically located away from the community, the effluent from any type of on-site system is a potential pathogenic hazard because of the intimacy of the system to the community. The native ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessing the Market for Anaerobic Digestion

    The anaerobic digestion (AD) industry is growing rapidly. In the UK there are over 215 anaerobic digesters in operation and more than 100 in planning. Understanding how a market will develop is crucial to any successful venture. A client came to us looking to improve their understanding of the current status and future potential of the AD market in the UK and Ireland. In order to progress ...


    By NNFCC

  • Startup of Anaerobic Mesophilic Digesters

    Many operators have started up mesophilic digesters, but everyone has differing stories and experiences. This paper is a combination of the startup of several mesophilic anaerobic digesters, with very low seeding to fully seeded conditions. Upper Occoquan Sewage Authority (UOSA) operates the Millard H. Robbins Water Reclamation Plant. UOSA started three anaerobic digesters between August 2000 and ...

  • Effect of organic loading rate on the performance of two-stage anaerobic digestion of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW)

    Two-stage anaerobic digestion of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) was carried out: hydrolysis and acidogenesis in a continuous anaerobic hydrolytic leach bed (AHLB) reactor loaded at different rates (Bv = 3.8–7 gVSSL−1d−1) and methanogenesis of leachates, diluted with municipal wastewater in an upflow anaerobic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Temperature effects on the trophic stages of perennial rye grass anaerobic digestion

    Continuous Stirred Tank Reactors (CSTRs), operated in batch mode, were used to evaluate the feasibility of psychrophilic (low temperature) digestion of perennial rye grass in a long term experiment (150 days) for the first time. The reactors were operated in parallel at 3 different temperatures, 10, 15 and 37 °C. Hydrolysis, acidification and methanogenesis were assessed by VS degradation, by ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic digestion of sunflower oil cake: a current overview

    Due to the chemical and physical structure of a lignocellulosic biomass, its anaerobic digestion (AD) is a slow and difficult process. In this paper, the results obtained from a batch biochemical methane potential (BMP) test and fed-batch mesophilic AD assays of sunflower oil cake (SuOC) are presented. Taking into account the low digestibility shown during one-stage experiments the methane yield ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • High solids anaerobic digestion of pfmsw using novel anaerobic reactors

    In the last decade efforts have been made to control anaerobic digestion of the putrescible fraction of municipal solid waste (PFMSW) in engineered reactors, than to allow for 'free' digestion in landfill sites. Such a process achieves enhanced treatment efficiency in significantly reduced retention times (from years down to days) and completes energy recovery from waste, without biogas emissions ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Toronto moves forward with anaerobic digestion of residential SSO

    In June 2007, Toronto's City Council approved the “Target 70” plan to achieve 70 percent diversion by 2010. Target 70 includes construction of two, 55,000 metric tons/year anaerobic digestion plants to process residential source separated organics (SSO). City Council says that the digester facilities, along with adoption of single stream recycling and a pay-as-you-throw funding system, will ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Bintulu Anaerobic Digestion Plant Now Complete

    BIODOME® ASIA, part of KIRK GROUP, has recently completed a state-of-the-art anaerobic digestion plant in East Malaysia for our client Kubota Corporation, consisting of the largest digester tank ever built by KIRK to date which has a capacity in excess of ...

  • Two-phase anaerobic digestion for class a biosolids at moccasin bend WWTP

    The Moccasin Bend Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) provides treatment for the City of Chattanooga, Tennessee and the surrounding region. The City has completed upgrades to the solids handling facilities to treat and dewater the primary solids and waste activated sludge (WAS) from the WWTP. This paper summarizes the process to handle the primary solids and the start-up process. Primary solids ...

  • Managing Compostable Bags At Anaerobic Digestion Plants

    The highest and best use for treating residential food waste is through source separation, sending organics first to anaerobic digestion (to capture energy), followed by aerobic composting (to return nutrients to the soil). Sending food waste to anaerobic digestion (AD) facilities requires appropriate tools and planning for capturing high volumes of material with low contamination. Compostable ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Syntrophic acetate oxidation in two-phase (acid–methane) anaerobic digesters

    The microbial processes involved in two-phase anaerobic digestion were investigated by operating a laboratory-scale acid-phase (AP) reactor and analyzing two full-scale, two-phase anaerobic digesters operated under mesophilic (35 °C) conditions. The digesters received a blend of primary sludge and waste activated sludge (WAS). Methane levels of 20% in the laboratory-scale reactor indicated the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Two-phase anaerobic co-digestion of food waste and sewage sludge

    The feasibility and performance of food waste and sewage sludge co-digestion were investigated to gain insight into their resource utilization. In this study, two-phase anaerobic digestion (TPAD) was operated under a total solids mixing ratio of 1:1 and different sludge retention times (SRTs). Results show that an acidogenic reactor with a 5-day SRT obtained the highest acidification efficiency, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The effect of mixing conditions on anaerobic digester performance

    The basic principle of aerobic wastewater treatment is the conversion of some parts of organic matters to biomass and this causes production of excessive sludge in aerobic processes. This excessive sludge is withdrawn from time to time to prevent accumulation of biomass in aeration basin. In most cases, this sludge requires the stabilization before the dewatering and disposal. Different processes ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Effect of Secondary Aerobic Digestion on Properties of Anaerobic Digested Biosolids

    ABSTRACTIn this study, the performance of sequential anaerobic-aerobic digestion was compared to conventional anaerobic digestion for sludge from the Blue Plains Advanced Wastewater Treatment Plant. Volatile solids removal, polymer conditioning demand for dewatering, and biosolids odor characteristics following anaerobic digestion and sequential anaerobic-aerobic digestion were monitored. Aerobic ...

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