uf membrane Articles

  • Practical Characterization of NF/UF Membranes

    Introduction Membrane separations in the ultrafiltration (UF) and especially the nanofiltration (NF) regions of the filtration spectrum are governed by a complex combination of both steric exclusion and surface force interactions. UF and NF membranes bearing formal surface charges display unusual selectivity behavior not predicted on the basis of physical pore size alone. Therefore, practical ...

  • Effects of Surface Force Interactions on an NF/UF Membrane

    Summary Appreciation of a membrane's surface chemistry and steric exclusion character is needed to truly understand and predict membrane performance for specific industrial separations. The interpreter of membrane characterization data must consider both factors in the assessment of separation potential. The test conditions employed will strongly influence the separation data outcome, as will ...


  • Novel Separations by a Charged NF/UF Membrane

    Introduction Separation characteristics of a novel, thin-layer composite (TLC®) membrane bearing an anionic surface charge are elucidated using three distinct approaches. These include solute challenges to demonstrate apparent molecular weight cut-off (MWCO), affinity chromatography to demonstrate surface force interactions between solute and membrane, and pilot scale operations using industrial ...


  • The best alternative to the protection of the UF membranes - Case Study

    Advance solutions to the recirculation of water in swimming pools. Problem The public swimming pools are continuously used during all the week for many people for making sport, amusement or relax. In these installations, the visual aspect and the sanitary conditions must be guaranteed all the time. In indoor public pools, even with the mandatory previous shower and the use of ...


    By Sistema Azud, S.A.

  • Dependable Pretreatment for UF Membrane Water Treatment System

    Lake Forest is a small upper class community along the west shore of Lake Michigan about 35 miles north of downtown Chicago, IL. In 1890 a group of residents started the Lake Forest Water Company on the present site to provide water for the residents of the community. Prior to the spring of 2004, the Lake Forest Water Plant provided traditional water treatment. Coagulating chemicals were added to ...

  • Correlations of relevant membrane foulants with UF membrane fouling in different waters

    Membrane fouling is one of the main obstacles that restricts the more widespread application of UF membrane in both drinking water treatment and reclamation of WWTP secondary effluent. Numerous researchers and engineers have devoted to overcome the membrane fouling in the past decade. However, for better addressing the fouling issue, it is necessary to identify the major membrane foulants in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Intermittent operation of low pressure UF membranes for sewage reuse at household level

    A household-scale wastewater treatment system was operated with domestic sewage. The system could recover gardening/irrigation water from raw sewage or secondary effluent by low pressure ultrafiltration (UF). The UF membranes (surface area = 3.5 m2, pore size = 0.04 μm) were operated at constant transmembrane pressure (0.13 bar). The proposed technology was examined for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of micropollutants and NOM in carbon nanotube-UF membrane system from seawater

    One of the main problems for seawater reverse osmosis desalination is membrane fouling associated with natural organic matter. Bisphenol-A (BPA) and 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2) are well-known endocrine-disrupting compounds that have been detected in wastewater and seawater. In this study, the contribution of carbon nanotubes (CNTs, single-walled carbon nanotubes) to membrane fouling control and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characteristic of algogenic organic matter and its effect on UF membrane fouling

    Algogenic organic matter (AOM) was extracted from blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) and its characteristic was determined by various methods including high-pressure size-exclusion chromatography (HP-SEC), hydrophobic and hydrophilic fractionation, molecular weight (MW) fractionation and fluorescence excitation emission matrix (EEM). The results revealed that AOM was hydrophilic fractionation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of backwashing with demineralized water for UF fouling control in UF-RO desalination

    The effectiveness of demineralized water backwash on ultrafiltration (UF) fouling control of seawater is investigated in this study. Fouling experiments for two different backwashes (UF permeate and demineralized water) were conducted at three fluxes: 120, 180 and 240 L/(h m2) to compare their fouling control efficiency on UF membranes. Results show that backwashing with demineralized water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of magnetic ion exchange resin pretreatment on alleviating UF membrane fouling

    The purpose of this study is to undestand the effect and mechanism of preventing ultrafiltration(UF) membrane fouling by using magnetic ion exchange resin (MIEX®) in terms of fractional compent and molecular weight of NOM. In the experiment, pretreatment decreasing trans-membrane pressure and preventing membrane fouling were studied. The result showed: when the MIEX® dosage reached 800 bed volume ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Influence of hydraulic retention time on UASB post-treatment with UF membranes

    A pilot UASB reactor coupled with an external ultrafiltration (UF) membrane was operated under three different hydraulic retention times (HRT) for domestic wastewater treatment. The aim was to assess the HRT influence on system performance and fouling. The highest concentrations of COD, total solids, extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and soluble microbial products (SMP) in UASB effluent ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Transport of pharmaceutical and NOM in NF/UF member

    Membrane processes with NF and tight-UF membranes were proven to be very effective in removing organic electrolytes such as acidic pharmaceuticals and/or natural organic matter (NOM). This high efficiency is resulted from both back-diffusion and electrostatic repulsion in the concentration polarization layer: moreover, hindered transport of pharmaceuticals and NOM in membrane pores. In the ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • RO, UF, MF World Markets Report

    Provides continually updated analyses and forecasts of cross flow microfiltration, reverse osmosis, and ultrafiltration systems and membranes in 80 countries and regions with separate forecasts for each application from desalination to wine ...


    By The McIlvaine Company

  • Application of laser-induced breakdown-detection as a sensitive detector for UF membrane surrogate challenge tests

    Characteristics of ultrafiltration membranes with respect to the removal of nanoscale particles can be determined by surrogate challenge tests (SCTs). Key elements of a successful SCT are the selection of a suitable surrogate and a reliable quantification method. A major challenge when using nanoparticles as surrogates is their quantification in the filtrate, since commonly used particle ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The productive environmental laboratory: BSK Labs boosts efficiency with Metrohm IC

    BSK Labs runs a number of environmental laboratories and service centers along the west coast of the US. A total of 70 employees – including microbiologists, chemists, lab technicians, and support staff – make sure that the 200 to 350 samples that come in every week are analyzed. BSK Labs specializes in potable water chemistry, ground water monitoring, storm water runoff, solid waste ...


    By Metrohm AG

  • Membrane filtration

    Membrane is a thin layer of material that is capable of separating compounds as a function of physical and chemical properties when a driving force is applied across the membrane, which has been widely used in a wide range of applications in water industry [1]. Membrane can be classified by the range of compounds separated and the driving forces employed. For example, microfiltration (MF), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane Bioreactor for Automobile Manufacturer

    Dynatec provided a system to treat wastewater from Ford's automotive assembly plant. The Problem The existing batch chemical treatment system for oil and metals removal was unable to meet the new standards for discharge to local POTW. The new requirements called for lower BOD and total Nitrogen and there was no way to make the existing system able to meet the standards. ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • Coagulation optimization for DOC removal: pilot-scale analysis of UF fouling and disinfection byproduct formation potential

    A pilot-scale study was performed to evaluate a coagulant dose which had been optimized for biopolymer (i.e., foulant) removal on subsequent ultrafiltration (UF) fouling, as well as disinfection by-product (DBP) precursor removal. Polyaluminum chloride (PACl) dosages were selected based on a point of diminishing returns for biopolymer removal (0.5 mg/L) and directly compared to that applied at ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane Bioreactors for RO Pretreatment

    ABSTRACTCurrently, treated municipal wastewater is typically discharged to the environment in most parts of the world. It is, however, a potential water resource from which high quality water for reuse can be produced. Reuse applications include both non-potable applications such as irrigation and production of industrial process water, and indirect potable reuse including aquifer recharge. For ...

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