UF membrane filtration Articles

  • UF Membrane Technology

    UF Membrane Technology Ultrafiltration (UF) is a variety of membrane filtration in which forces, such as pressure or concentration gradients, cause separation through the semi-permeable membrane. High molecular weight suspended solids and solutes remain in the so-called retentate while water and low molecular weight solutes pass through the membrane in the permeate (filtrate). The pore size of ...


    By Jiangsu Jiuwu Hi-tech Co

  • Membrane filtration

    Membrane is a thin layer of material that is capable of separating compounds as a function of physical and chemical properties when a driving force is applied across the membrane, which has been widely used in a wide range of applications in water industry [1]. Membrane can be classified by the range of compounds separated and the driving forces employed. For example, microfiltration (MF), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Practical Characterization of NF/UF Membranes

    Introduction Membrane separations in the ultrafiltration (UF) and especially the nanofiltration (NF) regions of the filtration spectrum are governed by a complex combination of both steric exclusion and surface force interactions. UF and NF membranes bearing formal surface charges display unusual selectivity behavior not predicted on the basis of physical pore size alone. Therefore, practical ...

  • The best alternative to the protection of the UF membranes - Case Study

    Advance solutions to the recirculation of water in swimming pools. Problem The public swimming pools are continuously used during all the week for many people for making sport, amusement or relax. In these installations, the visual aspect and the sanitary conditions must be guaranteed all the time. In indoor public pools, even with the mandatory previous shower and the use of ...


    By Sistema Azud, S.A.

  • Membrane filtration and sonication for industrial wastewater reuse

    This paper presents an experimental study aimed at estimating the efficiency of the innovative process of ultrafiltration (UF) combined with sonication (Son.) for the refinement of treated effluent to be reused in wet textile processes. Such a novel approach, which has not yet been employed on a full industrial scale, has been experienced at pilot scale on the secondary effluent of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dependable Pretreatment for UF Membrane Water Treatment System

    Lake Forest is a small upper class community along the west shore of Lake Michigan about 35 miles north of downtown Chicago, IL. In 1890 a group of residents started the Lake Forest Water Company on the present site to provide water for the residents of the community. Prior to the spring of 2004, the Lake Forest Water Plant provided traditional water treatment. Coagulating chemicals were added to ...

  • Modeling of the fouling of inside-out hollow fiber UF membranes

    Membrane processes often experience a decline in the permeate flux or an increase in the operating pressure from membrane fouling. A mathematical model that describes the fouling of inside-out hollow fiber ultrafiltration (UF) membranes was derived from hydrodynamic equations coupled with the theory of depth filtration. The correlation predictions obtained in this study are simpler, as the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Transport of pharmaceutical and NOM in NF/UF member

    Membrane processes with NF and tight-UF membranes were proven to be very effective in removing organic electrolytes such as acidic pharmaceuticals and/or natural organic matter (NOM). This high efficiency is resulted from both back-diffusion and electrostatic repulsion in the concentration polarization layer: moreover, hindered transport of pharmaceuticals and NOM in membrane pores. In the ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Membrane treatment of the bleaching plant (EPO) filtrate of a kraft pulp mill

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of membrane technology to treat oxygen and peroxide-reinforced extraction stage (EPO) filtrate from a kraft pulp mill bleach plant. Three different types of tubular membranes were tested in a pilot plant: (i) tight ultrafiltration (UF); (ii) open UF followed by nanofiltration (UF + NF); and (iii) nanofiltration (NF). According to the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characteristic of algogenic organic matter and its effect on UF membrane fouling

    Algogenic organic matter (AOM) was extracted from blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) and its characteristic was determined by various methods including high-pressure size-exclusion chromatography (HP-SEC), hydrophobic and hydrophilic fractionation, molecular weight (MW) fractionation and fluorescence excitation emission matrix (EEM). The results revealed that AOM was hydrophilic fractionation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Crossflow Membrane Filtration High-Purity Water Systems

    INTRODUCTION As the electronics industry continues to provide us with such products as high resolution television, notebook size portable computers and cars with automatic navigation systems, it becomes necessary to produce semiconductors with finer device geometries to allow for efficient placement of more circuits per a given area. This requires increased control of a semiconductor's material ...

  • Optimization study of a hybrid alum coagulation-membrane filtration system for virus removal

    Due to the intrinsically small sizes of enteric viruses (20–100 nm) and their relatively high resistance to most disinfectants, detection of viruses in treated drinking water is not a rare phenomenon. This study therefore evaluates various aspects involved in a hybrid alum coagulation-ultrafiltration (UF) system for virus removal. Coagulant doses (0, 1 and 10 mg Al3+/L) and pH conditions relevant ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Intermittent operation of low pressure UF membranes for sewage reuse at household level

    A household-scale wastewater treatment system was operated with domestic sewage. The system could recover gardening/irrigation water from raw sewage or secondary effluent by low pressure ultrafiltration (UF). The UF membranes (surface area = 3.5 m2, pore size = 0.04 μm) were operated at constant transmembrane pressure (0.13 bar). The proposed technology was examined for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bench-scale study of ultrafiltration membranes for evaluating membrane performance in surface water treatment

    Currently, there is no standard bench-scale dead-end ultrafiltration (UF) testing system. The aim of the present study was to design and build a bench-scale hollow fiber UF system to assess the impact of operational parameters on membrane performance and fouling. A bench-scale hollow fiber UF system was built to operate at a constant flux (±2% of the set-point flux) and included automated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Prediction of permeate flux decline in crossflow membrane filtration

    Microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF) are pressure-driven membrane processes which are widely used in order to remove colloidal particles and microorganisms in water and waste water treatment systems. The filtration performance is, however, often hampered by the buildup of retained particulate matters on the membrane surfaces, which causes the deleterious permeate flux decline. ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Separation of zinc oxide nanoparticles in water stream by membrane filtration

    Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles are used for the synthesis of various materials. The nanoparticles, when entering into the environment, affect aquatic life. Their antibacterial properties deter the biological treatment process of wastewater treatment plants. The study focuses on the effectiveness of ultrafiltration (UF) membranes for the removal of ZnO nanoparticles. In this study, a commercial ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Polyethersulfone/polyacrylonitrile blended ultrafiltration membranes: preparation, morphology and filtration properties

    Polyethersulfone (PES)/polyacrylonitrile (PAN) membranes have been paid attention among membrane research subjects. However, very few studies are included in the literature. In our study, asymmetric ultrafiltration (UF) membranes were prepared from blends of PES/PAN with phase inversion method using water as coagulation bath. Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) with Mw of 10,000 Da was used as pore ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Considering energy efficiency in filtration of engineering nanoparticles

    Engineering nanoparticles (ENPs) are an integral part of consumer products. Released to the atmosphere or disposed to sewage, ENPs quickly penetrate to surface and ground water sources. An absence of a dedicated ENP-retaining water treatment strategy imposes a potential health threat on drinking water consumers. The threat is met by gearing up an upgrade of treatment systems towards membrane ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of laser-induced breakdown-detection as a sensitive detector for UF membrane surrogate challenge tests

    Characteristics of ultrafiltration membranes with respect to the removal of nanoscale particles can be determined by surrogate challenge tests (SCTs). Key elements of a successful SCT are the selection of a suitable surrogate and a reliable quantification method. A major challenge when using nanoparticles as surrogates is their quantification in the filtrate, since commonly used particle ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane foulants and fouling mechanisms in microfiltration and ultrafiltration of an activated sludge effluent

    Membrane fouling in microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF) of an activated sludge (AS) effluent was investigated. It was found that the major membrane foulants were polysaccharides, proteins, polysaccharide-like and protein-like materials and humic substances. MF fouling by the raw effluent was governed by pore adsorption of particles smaller than the pores during the first 30 minutes of ...


    By IWA Publishing

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