uf polymeric membrane Articles

  • Influence of hydraulic retention time on UASB post-treatment with UF membranes

    A pilot UASB reactor coupled with an external ultrafiltration (UF) membrane was operated under three different hydraulic retention times (HRT) for domestic wastewater treatment. The aim was to assess the HRT influence on system performance and fouling. The highest concentrations of COD, total solids, extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and soluble microbial products (SMP) in UASB effluent ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of magnetic ion exchange resin pretreatment on alleviating UF membrane fouling

    The purpose of this study is to undestand the effect and mechanism of preventing ultrafiltration(UF) membrane fouling by using magnetic ion exchange resin (MIEX®) in terms of fractional compent and molecular weight of NOM. In the experiment, pretreatment decreasing trans-membrane pressure and preventing membrane fouling were studied. The result showed: when the MIEX® dosage reached 800 bed volume ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Industrial water reclamation using polymeric membranes – case studies involving a car manufacturer and a beverage producer

    This study presents the evaluation of different polymeric membranes for the reclamation of wastewater generated by two manufacturers. Specifically, ultrafiltration (UF) membranes were evaluated for wastewater pretreatment use while nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) membranes were evaluated for wastewater reclamation use. Results show that both the UF membranes used were not suitable ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membranes, the Finest Filtration

    Introduction The notion that salt could be removed from seawater without a phase change took hold of Dr. Sourirajan's imagination in the late 1950's. The actual invention of the reverse osmosis (RO) membrane took place in his laboratory at UCLA around 1960. (Thus Sourirajan could be called not only the 'Father of Reverse Osmosis,' but the initiator of all crossflow membrane technology.) The full ...


  • Picking Their Membranes - Part I -

    Membrane use by water suppliers may not be new, but suppliers are considering membranes in new ways -- by number and variety of applications. Membranes can work on a wider range of resource waters, more efficiently and for less cost than before. Among membranes' attractions as substitutes for conventional water-treatment technologies, such as filtration, distillation and ion-exchange are: ...


  • Crossflow Membrane Applications for Glycol-based aqueous solutions

    Introduction This document is a guide for water treatment engineers to better understand crossflow membrane applications for glycol-based aqueous solutions. It includes glycol applications we have sold equipment for, applications we have successfully tested, and applications we have not tested but are expected to be technically feasible. Glycol-based solutions are commonly used by a ...


  • Crossflow Membrane Filtration Applications in the Beverage Industry

    Abstract The use of crossflow membrane separation technology in the beverage industry has gone from a 'unique processing' approach to a standard unit process for many manufacturers. Applications such as replacement of troublesome diatomaceous earth (DE) filters for juice clarification have been highly successful. Employing reverse osmosis (RO) for apple juice concentration produces potential ...


  • Synthesis and characterization of composite polysulfone membranes for desalination in nanofiltration technique

    Composite nanofiltration (NF) membrane was developed polyacrylic acid (PAA) in situ UV graft polymerization process using ultrafiltration (UF) polysulfone (PSF) membrane as porous support. FT-IR spectra indicated that grafting was performed and it show peaks at 1,732 cm−1 and 3,396 cm−1 region for CO and OH starching bond of acrylic acid (AA) monomer, respectively. AFM microscopy showed the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of an emerging water treatment technology: ceramic membranes

    Historically, low-pressure membranes (microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF)) used in potable water treatment are made of polymers (polysulfone (PS), polypropylene (PP), polyethersulfone (PES), polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) etc). Recently, membranes made of ceramic materials (aluminium oxide) have been developed by MetaWater (Japan), Kubota (Japan) and others and is being marketed in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of Membrane Technology for the Recovery and Reuse of Water

    Abstract As water and sewer costs are expected to increase over the next decade, membrane technology will continue to be a viable and economical option in the recovery and reuse of water. This paper describes the mechanism of membrane effected separation (specifically reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration and microfiltration), membranes commercially available, membrane element configurations, and how ...


  • Crossflow Membrane Filtration High-Purity Water Systems

    INTRODUCTION As the electronics industry continues to provide us with such products as high resolution television, notebook size portable computers and cars with automatic navigation systems, it becomes necessary to produce semiconductors with finer device geometries to allow for efficient placement of more circuits per a given area. This requires increased control of a semiconductor's material ...

  • Two Case Histories of Industrial Water Reuse Via Membrane Technology

    Abstract This paper describes two successful applications of ultrafiltration (UF) and reverse osmosis (RO) membrane technology used to reclaim water, reduce waste water discharge costs. The first case history covers oily waste water treatment at a major aluminum beverage can manufacturing plant. The second case describes treatment of waste water from a multi-plating bath section of a major ...


  • Fouling of low-pressure membranes during drinking water treatment: effect of NOM components and biofiltration pretreatment

    Fouling is a major challenge for low-pressure membrane drinking water treatment systems. Previous research has demonstrated that under the right conditions, biofiltration is an effective method to reduce fouling of low-pressure polymeric membranes. This study provides additional insight into the effect of biofiltration as a pretreatment for fouling reduction by using river water with different ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Oily wastewater treatment by ultrafiltration using Taguchi experimental design

    In this research, results of an experimental investigation on separation of oil from a real oily wastewater using an ultrafiltration (UF) polymeric membrane are presented. In order to enhance the performance of UF in API separator effluent treatment and to get more permeation flux (PF), effects of operating factors on the yield of PF were studied. Five factors at four levels were investigated: ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Understanding Crossflow Filtration

    There's a lot of attention being given to water availability and purity, with good reason. Obtaining enough water is a struggle in some areas. In others, water is tainted with contaminants. It is therefore predictable that regulations and economics will force careful water treatment and stress water re-use. Fortunately, there are water treatment methods that can help you meet the water quality ...


  • Diffussive tortuosity factor of colloidal cake and biofilm

    Membrane fouling of fine colloids and biocolloids is ubiquitous in pressure-driven membrane processes, such as microfiltration (MF), ultrafiltration (UF), nanofiltration (NF), and reverse osmosis (RO). In MF/UF, colloidal fouling is initiated by rapid formation of the concentration polarization (CP) layer, and is significantly enhanced by gradual development of the cake layer of colloidal maximum ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Spiral-Wound Elements for Potable Water Treatment

    Introduction Any new technology must overcome perceptions of the marketplace, which are not accurate. As a technology moves into new areas of application, new misconceptions also arise. Crossflow membrane technology is no exception. The first man-made, pressure-driven 'crossflow' membranes were made in flat sheet form. This membrane had to be configured in a device, and was first made in ...


  • Using Nanofiltration in Beverage Production

    The following article is based on a paper presented in August, 1990 at the 21st Annual Meeting of the Fine Particle Society in San Diego. Soft drink manufacturers, not to mention manufacturers of other beverage products, have always had a keen interest in the water that goes into their products. After all, it is the water that typically makes up 80%-90% of the product. In the past the water has ...

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