ultrafiltration membrane element Articles

  • A Practical Approach to Controlling the Fouling of Ultrafiltration Membranes: A Case Study of the Successful Development of a Commercial Soy Protein Application

    Introduction Ultrafiltration (UF) membrane technology has been successfully applied to food processes for more than 20 years. Opportunities abound for new UF food applications. Some of these opportunities are described in previous literature1 and in a comprehensive report of possible UF applications in several food industries by the US Department of Energy in 1989.2   UF can save ...

  • Water Recovery from an Aluminum Can Manufacturing Process Using Spiral-Wound Membrane Elements

    Abstract A waste treatment unit has been designed to recover water and various components from an aluminum can manufacturing process. Due to the scarcity of water in the Middle East and its inherent cost, water recovery is both necessary and cost effective. The manufacturing process generates: 1) an 11,356 L/hr (50 gpm) aqueous stream contaminated with hydrofluoric acid, dissolved aluminum, and ...

  • Membrane Bioreactors for RO Pretreatment

    ABSTRACTCurrently, treated municipal wastewater is typically discharged to the environment in most parts of the world. It is, however, a potential water resource from which high quality water for reuse can be produced. Reuse applications include both non-potable applications such as irrigation and production of industrial process water, and indirect potable reuse including aquifer recharge. For ...

  • Picking Their Membranes - Part I -

    Membrane use by water suppliers may not be new, but suppliers are considering membranes in new ways -- by number and variety of applications. Membranes can work on a wider range of resource waters, more efficiently and for less cost than before. Among membranes' attractions as substitutes for conventional water-treatment technologies, such as filtration, distillation and ion-exchange are: ...


  • Practical Characterization of NF/UF Membranes

    Introduction Membrane separations in the ultrafiltration (UF) and especially the nanofiltration (NF) regions of the filtration spectrum are governed by a complex combination of both steric exclusion and surface force interactions. UF and NF membranes bearing formal surface charges display unusual selectivity behavior not predicted on the basis of physical pore size alone. Therefore, practical ...

  • Recent operational experiences of FILMTEC™ NF270 membrane in Europe

    Nanofiltration (NF) is an attractive technology for potable and industrial water treatment because NF operates between ultrafiltration (UF) and reverse osmosis (RO) membranes. NF is designed to remove a high percentage of organic contaminants (humic acids, pesticides, color bodies) while passing a medium to high percentage of salt. Compared to UF membranes, the NF product water quality is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects of Surface Force Interactions on an NF/UF Membrane

    Summary Appreciation of a membrane's surface chemistry and steric exclusion character is needed to truly understand and predict membrane performance for specific industrial separations. The interpreter of membrane characterization data must consider both factors in the assessment of separation potential. The test conditions employed will strongly influence the separation data outcome, as will ...


  • Application of Membrane Technology for the Recovery and Reuse of Water

    ABSTRACT As water and sewer costs are expected to increase over the next decade, membrane technology will continue to be a viable and economical option in the recovery and reuse of water. This paper describes the mechanism of membrane effected separation (specifically reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration and microfiltration), membranes commercially available, membrane element configurations, and how ...

  • Application of Membrane Technology for the Recovery and Reuse of Water

    Abstract As water and sewer costs are expected to increase over the next decade, membrane technology will continue to be a viable and economical option in the recovery and reuse of water. This paper describes the mechanism of membrane effected separation (specifically reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration and microfiltration), membranes commercially available, membrane element configurations, and how ...


  • Genairclean RO membrane cleaning - Case Study

    Trial Period September 2013 to May 2014 Site Water Reuse system, UK Background A Brackish Water Reverse Osmosis (BWRO) system with a history of rapid and consistent membrane fouling was selected to trial the new ‘Genairclean’ micro-bubble multi-mechanism RO membrane cleaning method. The plant reclaims process ...

  • Crossflow Membrane Applications for Glycol-based aqueous solutions

    Introduction This document is a guide for water treatment engineers to better understand crossflow membrane applications for glycol-based aqueous solutions. It includes glycol applications we have sold equipment for, applications we have successfully tested, and applications we have not tested but are expected to be technically feasible. Glycol-based solutions are commonly used by a ...


  • Crossflow Membrane Filtration High-Purity Water Systems

    INTRODUCTION As the electronics industry continues to provide us with such products as high resolution television, notebook size portable computers and cars with automatic navigation systems, it becomes necessary to produce semiconductors with finer device geometries to allow for efficient placement of more circuits per a given area. This requires increased control of a semiconductor's material ...

  • Choose among membranes for RO desalination - Varied construction options available

    A wide variety of membrane types, sizes, construction options and techniques are available for removing salt from water. There are basically two types of commercial membranes used in RO applications today: cellulose acetate (CA) and thin film (TF). The former is considered an integral membrane, the latter a composite membrane. The following is basic criteria to compare one type to the other: ...


  • Assessing the Impacts of Membrane Residuals on Wastewater Treatment Facilities and Effluent Quality

    ABSTRACTGiven the benefits derived from membrane treatment of water and wastewater, interest in using membranes is growing throughout the world, and at an ever increasing rate. As expected, the focus has been on the benefits of the product water (permeate) side of the system, but the system sidestreams (concentrates) bring their own special set of issues. As with any ...

  • Application of laser-induced breakdown-detection as a sensitive detector for UF membrane surrogate challenge tests

    Characteristics of ultrafiltration membranes with respect to the removal of nanoscale particles can be determined by surrogate challenge tests (SCTs). Key elements of a successful SCT are the selection of a suitable surrogate and a reliable quantification method. A major challenge when using nanoparticles as surrogates is their quantification in the filtrate, since commonly used particle ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Research papers: safe use of Microbubbles for removal of RO Membrane Fouling - Case Study

    For full downloadable report Abstract The authors have shown a dramatic improvement in cleaning efficiency when effervescent cleaning reagents are used in conjunction with bubbles created using a specially designed microbubble generator. One potential problem associated with this new technique ...

  • Nanofiltration: properties and uses

    Untitled Document Koch Membrane Systems' Henia and Jorge Yacubowicz outline the uses and benefits of nanofiltration. ...

  • Understanding Crossflow Filtration

    There's a lot of attention being given to water availability and purity, with good reason. Obtaining enough water is a struggle in some areas. In others, water is tainted with contaminants. It is therefore predictable that regulations and economics will force careful water treatment and stress water re-use. Fortunately, there are water treatment methods that can help you meet the water quality ...


  • RO Feedwater: Treat It Right

    Summary Crossflow membrane filtration systems, such as reverse osmosis (RO), nanofiltration (NF) or ultrafiltration (UF), are good alternatives to traditional filtration and chemical treatment. However, to get the best performance from them, careful attention must be paid to feedwater conditions. Pretreating feedwater can lengthen the life of membrane elements, improve the quality of the ...

  • Reuse to the Rescue: Learn How Advanced Technology Can Help Combat Water Scarcity

    Global water scarcity and increasing population makes wastewater treatment and recycling a strategic imperative for human and economic development. Large volumes of wastewater are generated daily in every community and at water-intensive industrial facilities. As the demand for water grows, so does demand for the treatment and reuse of this water. Thanks to Dow innovation, people worldwide are ...

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