ultrapure water for pharmaceutical Articles

  • Ultrapure Water - The Standard for Resistivity Measurements of Ultrapure Water

    Abstract For years, resistivity, conductivity^ instrumentation has been used as a reliable indicator of ionic water quality, especially for ultrapure water (UPW). Traditionally, the instrumentation is procured, installed, powered up, and perhaps connected to a PLC, strip chart recorder, or a LAN. After that, the instrument and sensor receive no attention until a problem arises. Today, ...


    By SnowPure Water Technologies

  • Heat Sanitization Basics for Ultrapure and Pharmaceutical Water

    Even small numbers of bacteria are a problem for critical water systems like pharmaceutical USP water, dialysis water, and ultrapure water for semiconductor manufacturing. Bacteria are often killed with UV-254, chemicals, and heat. Chemical sanitization is often undesirable or prohibited, creating a steady change-over to pure water systems that can be sanitized with heat. Most ...


    By SnowPure Water Technologies

  • Ultrapure Water: World Markets Report

    Provides continually updated analyses and forecasts of ultrapure water systems and a number of specific components and consumables such as resins for power, pharmaceutical, semiconductor, and other industries. Click here for ...


    By The McIlvaine Company

  • Influence of natural organic matter on equilibrium adsorption of neutral and charged pharmaceuticals onto activated carbon

    Natural organic matter (NOM) can influence pharmaceutical adsorption onto granular activated carbon (GAC) by direct adsorption competition and pore blocking. However, in the literature there is limited information on which of these mechanisms is more important and how this is related to NOM and pharmaceutical properties. Adsorption batch experiments were carried out in ultrapure, waste- and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The fundamental conductivity and resistivity of water

    Pure water has a very low. but not quite zero, electrical conductivity. This conductivity provides a probe into fundamental properties of water, including the electrochemical mobility of the hydrogen and hydroxide ions. Deviation from this value is a measure of trace ionic impurities. Ultrapure water (UPW). with impurities at or below the sub-parts-per-billion range, is used extensively in many ...


    By SnowPure Water Technologies

  • The Benefits Of UV Disinfection In The Pharmaceutical Industry

    The quality standards required for purified water in the production of pharmaceuticals have never been stricter, with manufacturers having to conform to an ever increasing number of international standards. Craig Howarth, Managing Director of Hanovia Limited, introduces a number of interesting new developments in UV technology for disinfection and dechlorination. ...

  • Water Use and Reuse in Manufacturing

    Efficiency advances in wastewater reuse and desalination are bringing on-site treatment within reach of more manufacturing operations Three factors — climate, overuse, and pollution — are now propelling the manufacturing industry toward a sea change in its water use. Demand for fresh water is high and increasing. The U.S. Census Bureau has estimated that the U.S.  ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Spiral wound electrodeionization

    Electrodeionization (EDI) is typically used in combination with RO systems to produce pure or ultrapure water, continuously and without chemicals. This combination eliminates the need for regeneration chemicals and the inherent cost, safety and inconveniences of storage, handling, treatment and discharge associated with ion exchange systems. Power plants, electronics manufacturers and ...


    By Agape Water Solutions, Inc.

  • Quantitative structure property relationships for the adsorption of pharmaceuticals onto activated carbon

    Isotherms were determined for the adsorption of five pharmaceutical residues, primidone, carbamazepine, ibuprofen, naproxen and diclofenac, to Calgon Filtrasorb 300 powdered activated carbon (PAC). The sorption behavior was examined in ultra-pure and wastewater effluent organic matter (EfOM) matrices, where more sorption was observed in the ultra-pure water for PAC doses greater than 10 mg/L ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • SnowPure Receives 2017 U.S. Presidential ‘E’ Award

    SnowPure Water Technologies, which makes and sells industrial and medical water purification technologies, was presented the 2017 U.S. Presidential “E” Award. Created by executive order of the president, this award is the highest recognition any U.S. entity can receive for making a significant contribution to the expansion of U.S. exports and is given to only a few select ...


    By SnowPure Water Technologies

  • Reverse Osmosis and Water Purification

    From water reuse to desalination, reverse osmosis plays a key role in supplying fresh water where it’s needed ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Crossflow Membrane Filtration High-Purity Water Systems

    INTRODUCTION As the electronics industry continues to provide us with such products as high resolution television, notebook size portable computers and cars with automatic navigation systems, it becomes necessary to produce semiconductors with finer device geometries to allow for efficient placement of more circuits per a given area. This requires increased control of a semiconductor's material ...

  • Do You Need a Microfiltration or Ultrafiltration Membrane System for Your Plant?

    Determining whether or not an industrial plant needs a microfiltration (MF) and/or ultrafiltration (UF) membrane system isn’t always as straightforward as it seems. While these systems are not essential for every industrial process, when thoughtfully implemented within an intake, process, or waste stream, they can go a long way in improving a facility’s efficiency and/or cutting ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Organics Monitoring: A Practical Guide

    Preventing product loss, lowering waste treatment costs, and reducing system maintenance and energy consumption through organics monitoring in the chemical, refining, food, and wastewater treatment industries. Summary Process water and steam condensate contamination includes organic, inorganic, and biological components. Sources of organic contamination include process ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • In-line ASTM- and hazen-color measurement in refineries and chemical industry

    In many production processes of the chemical, petrochemical and pharmaceutical industry, color is an important parameter for the quality of the product or the production process. Might be the exact color value, might be the requirement of an ideally colorless product, might be the color range in a specific production step of a product. Examples are decoloration processes as in phthalic anhydride, ...


    By SIGRIST - PHOTOMETER AG

  • FCE is Important for EDI Electrodeionization System Performance

    EDI, Why FCE is Important for Electrodeionization System Performance The performance of electrodeionization (EDI) systems depends upon several key feed water constituents. When these constituents are considered together a Feed Conductivity Equivalent, or FCE may be determined. ...


    By SnowPure Water Technologies

  • Electrodeionization is a Continuous Process

    Unlike mixed bed DI, electrodeionization (EDI) is continuous. Because electrodeionization is continuous there are no spikes in quality as when mixed beds are changed for batch regeneration. An additional benefit for EDI users is that there is no concern about the timing of changing batches, or planning for the eventual breakthrough of ions in the bed like silica, sodium, or general conductivity. ...


    By SnowPure Water Technologies

  • Microfiltration vs Ultrafiltration Processes: What is the Difference?

    Microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF) are both processes by which a contaminated liquid is passed through a semipermeable membrane that removes solids too large to fit through the membrane’s pore size, yielding a purified liquid stream. To what degree the stream is purified depends on the contaminants present and the pore size of the membrane. MF and UF are generally ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Should you select bag or cartridge filters for your industrial application?

    When it comes to industrial filtration, there are several different filter types to choose from when working with industrial grade liquids, including both bag filters and cartridge filters. Ultimately, however, the ...


    By Filtra Systems

  • Chloramines

    OVERVIEW When chlorine is added to a water supply containing certain organics, the formation of halogenated organics occurs. Called 'trihalogenated methanes' (THM's) these reaction products are suspected carcinogens and maximum allowable limits in municipal supplies are imposed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). To reduce the potential for the formation of THM's, many U.S. ...

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