ultrapure water technology Articles

  • UltraPure water: systems for microelectronics

    The burgeoning electronics industry Electronics are the heartbeat of the products and services of many industries – including aerospace, communications, entertainment, defence, and health – and, as a consequence, the global electronics market is valued at US$1 trillion worldwide. ...

  • Ultrapure water – The standard for resistivity measurements of Ultrapure water - Case Study

    Abstract For years, resistivity/conductivity2 instrumentation has been used as a reliable indicator of ionic water quality, especially for ultrapure water (UPW). Traditionally, the instrumentation is procured, installed, powered up, and perhaps connected to a PLC, strip chart recorder, or a LAN. After that, the instrument and sensor receive no attention until a problem arises. Today, ...


    By SnowPure Water Technologies

  • A Case for Point-of-Use RO Ultrapure Water Systems

    ULTRAPURE WATER CRITERIA - AN OVERVIEW 'Pure water' is a relative term. Practically speaking, no water, naturally occurring or treated by man, consists solely of H2O molecules. Forever in pursuit of achieving equilibrium with its surroundings, water has unique characteristics that result in its ability to dissolve most matter. This property of water to dissolve and transport materials is ...

  • Application of Membrane Technology for the Recovery and Reuse of Water

    Abstract As water and sewer costs are expected to increase over the next decade, membrane technology will continue to be a viable and economical option in the recovery and reuse of water. This paper describes the mechanism of membrane effected separation (specifically reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration and microfiltration), membranes commercially available, membrane element configurations, and how ...


  • The fundamental conductivity and resistivity of water

    Pure water has a very low. but not quite zero, electrical conductivity. This conductivity provides a probe into fundamental properties of water, including the electrochemical mobility of the hydrogen and hydroxide ions. Deviation from this value is a measure of trace ionic impurities. Ultrapure water (UPW). with impurities at or below the sub-parts-per-billion range, is used extensively in many ...


    By SnowPure Water Technologies

  • Methods of Water Purification

    This article is excerpted from 'Pure Water Handbook' published by Osmonics®, Inc. of Minnetonka, Minnesota USA and is printed with permission of Osmonics, Inc. Water treatment can be defined as any procedure or method used to alter the chemical composition or natural 'behavior' of a water supply. Water supplies are classified as either surface water or groundwater. The majority of public or ...

  • River water is filtered for use in an electronic disk manufacturing facility in Hokkaido, Japan

    New Logic International installed its Vibratory Shear Enhanced Processing (VSEP) Phase I system in July, 1997, and the Phase II system in August 1998 at a major international electronic disk manufacturing facility at Hokkaido Island located in Northern Japan. The VSEP is used for treatment of river water for ultrapure water production at this facility. The VSEP system uses an ultrafiltration ...


    By New Logic Research, Inc.

  • Water matrix effect on UV photodegradation of perfluorooctanoic acid

    The widespread detection of perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) in the water environment has been a concern for the last several years, while effluents from wastewater treatment facilities are the major sources of these compounds. Even advanced oxidation technologies (AOTs) are not useful for mineralization of the compounds due to their very high stability. Photochemical techniques using particularly ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Meeting water quality specifications for 300 mm processing

    Abstract This paper reviews the historical ultrapure water specifications and compares them to the specifications for state of the art ...

  • Improving vacuum-UV (VUV) photolysis of organic compounds in water with a phosphor converted xenon excimer lamp emitting at 193 nm

    A novel vacuum ultraviolet excimer lamp emitting light at 193 nm was used to investigate the degradation of organic micropollutants in ultrapure water and wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluent. Overall, light at 193 nm proved to be efficient to degrade the investigated micropollutants (diclofenac, diatrizoic acid, sulfamethoxazole). Experiments with WWTP effluent proved the ability of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Crossflow Membrane Filtration High-Purity Water Systems

    INTRODUCTION As the electronics industry continues to provide us with such products as high resolution television, notebook size portable computers and cars with automatic navigation systems, it becomes necessary to produce semiconductors with finer device geometries to allow for efficient placement of more circuits per a given area. This requires increased control of a semiconductor's material ...

  • AU optronics uses aqueduct maps to assess water risk

    This post is part of a series on World Water Week, an annual event designed to draw attention to and discuss global water issues. Read more posts in this series. This piece was co-authored by Keith Liao, Senior Engineer with the AU Optronics Corporate ...

  • Spiral wound electrodeionization

    Electrodeionization (EDI) is typically used in combination with RO systems to produce pure or ultrapure water, continuously and without chemicals. This combination eliminates the need for regeneration chemicals and the inherent cost, safety and inconveniences of storage, handling, treatment and discharge associated with ion exchange systems. Power plants, electronics manufacturers and ...


    By Agape Water Solutions, Inc.

  • VSEP takes reverse osmosis where it has never been before, further concentrating RO reject (brine) streams to increase overally recovery to 99%.

    Conventional spiral wound membrane systems using reverse osmosis or nano-filtration membranes are increasingly being used to treat well water from underground sources to supplement local drinking water supplies. Many of the remaining underground water sources are 'Brackish' water sources where the dissolved solids can be 5,000 mg/L or even higher. One of the difficult engineering aspects of ...


    By New Logic Research, Inc.

  • EDI for Power Plants -- Importance of silica

    Power plants use high purity water to drive steam turbines. Cogeneration plants are highly efficient, using both exhaust turbines and high pressure steam turbines. In the 1960's, boilers operated at 450C (840F) and 4MPa (40 atmospheres). Today's leading edge boilers operate at 620C (1150F) and 30MPa (300 ...


    By SnowPure Water Technologies

  • Organics Monitoring: A Practical Guide

    Preventing product loss, lowering waste treatment costs, and reducing system maintenance and energy consumption through organics monitoring in the chemical, refining, food, and wastewater treatment industries. Summary Process water and steam condensate contamination includes organic, inorganic, and biological components. Sources of organic contamination include process ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • Evaluating Spiral-wound Separator Performance

    Introduction The recent evolution of spiral-wound membrane element (sepralator) design brings an increased need to understand the intricacies of testing, operating and predicting performance of this most popular crossflow membrane design. After over a decade of stagnant development, the last five years have produced several innovations, which diversify and expand the applications as well as ...


  • Kurita chemical deal solves sales dilemma

    The Japanese company has drastically ramped up its presence abroad with its first foreign acquisition in 16 years. The European sales boost will see the overseas chemicals business streak ahead of the facilities division. Kurita Water Industries has made a crucial step away from a sluggish home market in Japan with its first overseas acquisition since buying Hansu Technical Service in 1998. It ...


    By Kurita

  • In-line ASTM- and hazen-color measurement in refineries and chemical industry

    In many production processes of the chemical, petrochemical and pharmaceutical industry, color is an important parameter for the quality of the product or the production process. Might be the exact color value, might be the requirement of an ideally colorless product, might be the color range in a specific production step of a product. Examples are decoloration processes as in phthalic anhydride, ...


    By Sigrist-Photometer AG

  • RO Feedwater: Treat It Right

    Summary Crossflow membrane filtration systems, such as reverse osmosis (RO), nanofiltration (NF) or ultrafiltration (UF), are good alternatives to traditional filtration and chemical treatment. However, to get the best performance from them, careful attention must be paid to feedwater conditions. Pretreating feedwater can lengthen the life of membrane elements, improve the quality of the ...

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