underground aquifer Articles

  • The London aquifer

    The aquifer beneath London is subject to a considerable number of stresses including rising groundwater levels, abstraction sustainability, artificial recharge, saline intrusion, groundwater flooding, and the growth of ground source energy.  ESI has recently undertaken two key projects for the Environment Agency to aid the management of these pressures in a sustainable and cost effective ...


    By ESI Consulting Ltd

  • Why You Should Monitor Groundwater?

    What is groundwater? Groundwater is water that is stored below the earth’s surface. When rain or other sources of water come into contact with the ground, the majority of it travels below the surface. Though much of this moisture is then absorbed by plants or returned to the atmosphere (through infiltration), some water will travel deeper beneath the surface – where it ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Storing Heat Underground

    Underground thermal energy storage (UTES) is a system that uses inter-seasonal heat storage, storing excess heat from the summer for use in winter heating, and the cooling potential from winter for cooling in summer. A cost-effective, low-energy and low-risk proven renewable technology, UTES reduces carbon emissions by up to 60% and is becoming an increasingly popular choice for residential, ...


    By Boode Waterwell Systems

  • Answers to questions about oil waste in California aquifers

    California, the country's third-largest oil-producing state, has improperly given oil companies more than 2,500 permits to inject production fluids and oilfield waste into underground water supplies that are used for drinking water or irrigation, state records show. Nearly half of those disposal wells were approved or first started injections in the last four years under Gov. Jerry Brown, an ...


    By Associated Press

  • Modeling the groundwater recharge in karst aquifers by using a reservoir model

    The estimation of the groundwater recharge in a karstic system becomes an important challenge due to the great hydrodynamic variability in both time and space. This paper proposes a two reservoir conceptual model to simulate inflow into both the conduit system and the fissure network system based on the analysis of the spring hydrograph. The structure of the model and the governing equations are ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Site Characterisation in Support of Monitored Natural Attenuation of Fuel Hydrocarbons and MTBE in a Chalk Aquifer in Southern England

    This Case Study Bulletin describes a research project, which was carried out to determine whether monitored natural attenuation was a viable option for managing fuel hydrocarbon contamination in a chalk aquifer in southern England. The research, which was carried out from February 2000 to March 2001, was undertaken by the University of Sheffield on behalf of TotalFinaElf at a petrol filling ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Gasoline spill from underground storage tanks - Conoco, Inc.

    LOCATION:  Watsonville, CaliforniaPROJECT DATE:  July, 1987 to July, 1988CLIENT:  Conoco, Inc. BACKGROUND: A gasoline spill from underground storage tanks at a service station in Watsonville was discovered. Approximately 1,500 gallons were lost to the shallow aquifer of low permeability. Physical recovery operations were not possible. The California Regional Water Quality Control ...


    By Terra Systems, Inc. (TSI)

  • Effects of aquifer thermal energy storage on groundwater quality and the consequences for drinking water production: a case study from the Netherlands

    We used data from an aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) system located 570 m from a public water supply well field in the south of the Netherlands to investigate the relation between production of renewable energy with an ATES system and the production of drinking water. The data show that the groundwater circulation by the ATES system can impact chemical groundwater quality by introducing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Potential impact of heterogeneity on groundwater age

    Groundwater age is an important water property used as an indicator of groundwater quality. There have been no sufficient data and measurements underground, and that problem has been mitigated by using direct simulation of groundwater age. This paper has been motivated by the work of Daniel J. Goode, defining a rather different approach. A numerical model has been developed, using the Lagrangian ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The danger of arsenic in water and the technology to end with it

    AZUD has developed a technology that saves lives: the water purifiers plants AZUD DW DU are the perfect solution for arsenic removal using ultrafiltration membranes. In Latin America, AZUD DW DW supplies drinking water to decentralized villages that used to consume arsenic contaminated water. In ihe last two decades, in some countries of Latin America, people have consumed double the arsenic ...


    By Sistema Azud, S.A.

  • Linking environment and livelihood: process and impact of hydrological drought in the Usangu-Mtera ecosystem, Tanzania

    Environmental sustainability is one of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals for sustainable development. Since 1993, Tanzania experienced hydrological drought in Mtera reservoir, which impacted sustainability of socio-economic development and livelihoods of the people. The causes and process of the hydrological drought occurrence for energy generation are contested among the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Effectiveness of Using Automated Belt Oil Skimmers as a Method of Well Remediation

     ABSTRACT In many sites across the country, groundwater has been contaminated by petroleum products due to leaky underground tanks or past spills. If the leak has gone unnoticed, a considerable amount of product could exist in an aquifer (underground water reservoir), and may be trapped in the surrounding rock. Remediation can take months or years to complete and is frequently labor ...

  • Wireless Real-Time Soil Data from Stevens Hydra Probe Soil Sensors Used In Contaminated Soil Cleanup Operation

    Up until the early 1970s when The US Congress passed The Clean Water Act, industrial chemicals and petroleum products were routinely dumped onto the ground or poured down wells. In those days, few people understood groundwater hydrology, and disposing of chemical waste underground seemed like a safe and easy solution. Depending on the chemistry, underground pollution can linger for centuries, ...

  • Depleting groundwater – an opportunity for flood storage? A case study from part of the Ganges River basin, India

    Storing excess rainwater underground can become key in mitigating the frequency and magnitude of flood events. In this context, assessment of depleted groundwater storage that can be refilled in water surplus periods is imperative. The study uses Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) data to identify variations in groundwater storage in the monsoonal Ramganga River basin (tributary ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Of transboundary basins, integrated water resources management (IWRM) and second best solutions: the case of groundwater banking in Central Asia

    This paper tells the story of trade-off between hydropower and irrigation and its implications for groundwater use in Syrdarya basin in Central Asia. With the independence of the central Asian republics, this trade-off has become a transboundary issue. Efforts to coordinate bilateral action using integrated water resources management (IWRM) principles of basin-wide cooperation have not yet ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling of groundwater flow and heat transport

    Client: Transport for London Location: London Services: Groundwater Modelling Issues: Identifying the potential effects of pumping excess heat to the Chalk aquifer Summary: ESI was commissioned to test the feasibility of one of the possible solutions identified to prevent temperatures on the ...


    By ESI Consulting Ltd

  • Successful Pilot Test Results in Full-Scale Treatment of Large BTEX Plume

    CASE SUMMARYRefueling Station – Algonquin, IL Leaking underground storage tanks at a refueling station resulted in a benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX) plume in the underlying sand/gravel aquifer. The plume covered 1-acre and extended 390 feet downgradient from the source area, with a total BTEX concentration exceeding 24,000 parts per billion (ppb). In an ...


    By Regenesis

  • Fighting saltwater intrusion into groundwater supplies

    As freshwater supplies around the world diminish, human intervention is needed to protect existing sources to slow the onset of water scarcity. One ongoing struggle is to preserve the water in underground aquifers, which cities often rely on for drinking water. Intrusion of saltwater into these underground supplies is rendering them unfit for consumption or irrigation. The rock and soil that ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Is Lake Prespa Jeopardizing the Ecosystem of Ancient Lake Ohrid?

    Lake Prespa and Lake Ohrid, located in south-eastern Europe, are two lakes of extraordinary ecological value. Although the upstream Lake Prespa has no surface outflow, its waters reach the 160 m lower Lake Ohrid through underground hydraulic connections. Substantial conservation efforts concentrate on oligotrophic downstream Lake Ohrid, which is famous for its large number of endemic and relict ...


    By Springer

  • Migration and transformation characteristics of DOM in fine sand and marl rock

    This paper mainly studied migration and transformation characteristics of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in underground aquifers. To achieve the research purpose, we carried out the dynamic column experiments of the DOM at different conditions indoors. In the experiment, the water of Wujiang River from Pingdingshan Coal-field is used as water sample, meanwhile, fine sand and marl rock are used ...


    By IWA Publishing

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