underground water reserves Articles

  • Ten top growth markets in air, water and energy

    For suppliers of products and services for the air, water, and energy industries there are some substantial double-digit growth opportunities. Ten of these have been identified as the most promising by the McIlvaine Company These are ranked based on potential market size. #1 Shale Gas There is a very large continuing investment in extraction of gas from shale in the U.S. The ...


    By The McIlvaine Company

  • Putting recycled water to use in Washington state

    The LOTT Alliance is the regional wastewater treatment system serving the cities of Lacey, Olympia, Tumwater and northern Thurston County (LOTT) in Washington State. The core of LOTT's long-range wastewater resource management plan is production of Class A Reclaimed Water, which is the highest quality of reclaimed water as designated by the Washington Departments of Health and Ecology. The ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Study of the Potential Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing on Drinking Water Resources

    Natural gas plays a key role in our nation’s clean energy future. The United States has vast reserves of natural gas that are commercially viable as a result of advances in horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing technologies, which enable greater access to gas in rock formations deep underground. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Utilizing unconventional water sources for industrial reuse

    Reclamation and reuse of unconventional wastewater sources for plant raw water, cooling water and process pre-treatment has increased substantially due to increases in the cost of drinking water, recurring water shortages that can impact business operations, and tightening government regulation. Water is required in almost every industrial sector for the processing and manufacture of products. ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Evaluation of Potential Benficial Reuse of San Ardo Produced Water

    ABSTRACTThe goal of this DOE, Aera Energy LLC, and Kennedy/Jenks Consultants funded project was to evaluate the potential for treatment and beneficial reuse of produced water from an oilfield in San Ardo, California. A 10 - 30 gpm reverse osmosis (RO) pilot plant was constructed and operated for nine months. The key constituents of concern include total dissolved solids (7000 mg/l ...

  • Optimizing water management in hydraulic fracturing for shale oil and gas production

    Centralized treatment of wastewater is emerging as a viable solution for long-term efficiency in managing water sourcing and wastewater treatment in hydraulic fracturing. The number of hydraulic fracturing (fracking) shale oil and gas wells in the United States continues to increase. Within the Bakken Shale formation alone, in North Dakota and Montana, upwards of 15,000 hydraulic fracturing ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Optimizing Water Management in Hydraulic Fracturing for Shale Oil and Gas Production

    Centralized treatment of wastewater is emerging as a viable solution for long-term efficiency in managing water sourcing and wastewater treatment in hydraulic fracturing. The number of hydraulic fracturing (fracking) shale oil and gas wells in the United States continues to increase. Within the Bakken Shale formation alone, in North Dakota and Montana, upwards of 15,000 hydraulic fracturing ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • If the well runs dry — climate change adaptation and water document actions

    'Our water is shut off once or twice a month, sometimes more,' says Baris Tekin from his apartment in Besiktas, an historic district of Istanbul, where he lives with his wife and daughter. 'We have about 50 litres of bottled water in the apartment for washing and cleaning, just in case. If the water is off for a really long time we go to my father's place or to my wife's parents,' says Baris, an ...

  • Why is Europe failing to take the energy-water connection seriously?

    Concerns are intensifying in the US about the troubling interdependence of the economy'swater and energy needs. In particular, the vast quantities of ...


    By Ceres

  • Questions and answers about oil and gas wastewater spills

    Nearly 3 million gallons of briny water generated by crude oil production has leaked from a North Dakota pipeline and reached two creeks, making it the biggest spill of this type of wastewater since the state's Bakken formation oil boom began in 2006. Here are some questions and answers about oil and gas saltwater spills: Q: What does this liquid consist of, and where does it come from? A: ...


    By Associated Press

  • Cleaner Production In Sensitive Arid Zones: WMC Limited

     WMC Limited (WMC) has progressively introduced process changes at its Olympic Dam mine site and processing plant in the arid north of South Australia to reduce its water consumption per unit of production, and is continuing to investigate further water conservation possibilities. Background WMC is one of Australia's largest mining companies. Its main business ...


  • Flood Alleviation

    BritishFlora helps rescue lost London river from subterranean obscurity in award winning flood prevention. In the 1930's, engineers at the then Metropolitan Borough of Woolwich diverted a flood-prone section of the River Quaggy through an underground culvert so that new housing could beQuaggy built. In fine weather, the river was contained. But after heavy rainfall, the Quaggy became a ...


    By BritishFlora

  • Hydraulic Fracturing and the Environment Whitepaper - Analytical and Measuring Instruments

    The recovery of natural gas and oil from untraditional wells is necessary for the economic stability of the United States. Shale gas deposits are deep below the earth’s surface and recovery of gas is expensive and requires millions of gallons of water mixed with chemicals, known as "fracking solution". Most fracking solution stays underground or returns to the surface mixed with formation ...

  • Western Canadian Coal Adopt MP-5

    Western Coal are based in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. They currently produce metallurgical coal  from mines located in the northeast of British Columbia, both metallurgical and thermal coals from mines in West Virginia, and anthracite coal from a mine in South Wales (UK).  The coal properties in British Columbia have over 127 million tonnes of reserves and over 230 million ...


    By EHS Data Ltd.

  • Contaminated Groundwater Cleaned by Granular Carbon System

    Untitled Document Summary: A granular activated carbon system developed by Calgon Corp., is being used to remove various toxic materials from contaminated groundwater at ...


    By Calgon Carbon Corporation

  • The Future For Fracking

    Summary -Fracking is an essential technology to meet growing global demand for oil and gas. -Fracking has become the "F" word, because it is very water-intensive, and has potential negative impacts on the environment. -The future of fracking will be constrained if adequate water is not available and if solutions for decontaminating wastewaters are not found. -Oil sands ...


    By Biolargo, Inc.

  • New treatment plant to feature ceramic membranes

    The Parker Water and Sanitation District (PWSD) in Colorado has contracted for a membrane treatment system for its Rueter-Hess water treatment plant project. The new plant will treat water from the Rueter-Hess Reservoir (RHR), which is being built three miles southwest of downtown Parker on Newlin Gulch, which is a tributary drainage of Cherry Creek. The reservoir and associated treatment plan ...


    By PennWell Corporation

  • Wetlands of International Importance in Russia

    The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat was adopted on the 2nd February 1971 in the Iranian city of Ramsar. Thus, it has come to be popularly known as the “Ramsar Convention”, and the 2nd of February each year is celebrated as World Wetlands Day. Wetlands are areas where water is the primary factor controlling the environment and the ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Legislation: The New Directive on the Geological Storage of Carbon Dioxide

    Keywords: climate change, emissions trading, carbon capture, carbon transport, carbon storage, environ mental liability INTRODUCTION Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a controversial response to climate change, described variously as a 'magic bullet';1 'an uncomfortable but necessary option';2 'an expensive distraction';3 and a 'false hope'.4 The Directive on ...


  • Estonia eager to teach world about oil shale

    AUVERE, Estonia (AP) — Home to the creators of Skype and the first country to use online voting, Estonia relishes its image as a technological pioneer. But the tiny East European country's most far-reaching economic achievement could come from how it has learned to squeeze oil from a rock. About 200 feet (60 meters) below ground in northeastern Estonia, very close to the Russian border, ...


    By Associated Press

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