unexploded ordnance contaminated Articles

  • Quantifying the transport of energetic materials in unsaturated sediments from cracked unexploded ordnance

    Received for publication January 15, 2009. Dissolved explosive species have been found in the groundwater under military training areas. These explosives are thought to originate from munitions although the mechanism of transport to the groundwater is poorly understood. This study was conducted to determine whether ruptured unexploded ordnance may be a viable source term for these explosives. The ...

  • Dredging contaminated sediments at an active impact range: an ordnance avoidance success

    At Eagle River Flats, the challenge was to remediate the white phosphorous but leave the UXO (unexploded ordnance) behind. The solution was a dredge system that can withstand a big bang. Eagle River Flats, an estuarine salt marsh located at Fort Richardson in Alaska, has been used by the armed forces for over 50 years as an artillery impact area. During the 1980's, thousands of dead and dying ...

  • An investigation and remediation of TNT contaminated soils.

    An investigation and remediation of TNT contaminated soils and wastes was conducted at the Apache Powder Superfund Site in Cochise County, Arizona during 1999 and 2000. TNT contamination was most likely the result of salvage operations of World War I munitions. Characterized by a steep hillside and arroyo cutting through the wastes, the site offered challenges of stability, access, health and ...


    By Hargis + Associates Inc

  • A dynamite job? Cleaning up trinitrotoluene waste at the Apache powder superfund site.

    The clean up of trinitrotoluene (TNT) wastes and contaminated soils from an abandoned TNT salvage operation is underway at the Apache Powder Superfund Site in Cochise County. Clean-up operations involved an unexploded ordnance (UXO) survey, on-site pre-burn of high-grade materials, excavation, and off-site disposal. Approximately 5,400 lb of high-grade TNT wastes (averaging approximately 33 ...


    By Hargis + Associates Inc

  • UXO discrimination using time domain electromagnetic induction

    Introduction An explosive ordnance is a munition that is either launched or fired with the intent of detonation at a specified target. An unexploded ordnance (UXO) is an explosive ordnance that, due to some malfunction, remains undetonated. As a result, the ordnance can be found at the ground surface, partially buried, or buried at a depth of up to 8 m beneath the surface. Practical and ...


    By Geonics Limited

  • Thermal Treatment Technologies

    Hot gas decontamination: Hot gas decontamination is a technology still in the pilot-scale of development that can be used for decontamination of explosives-contaminated masonry or metallic structures. The method involves sealing and insulating the structures, heating with hot gas stream to 260 °C (500 °F) for a prescribed period of time, volatilizing the explosive contaminants, and destroying ...

  • Assessment of Environmental ‘Hot Spots’ in Iraq

    Untitled Document Executive summary Introduction In July 2004, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) was awarded a ...


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