urban air Articles

  • Urban Air Quality Management

    ' Poor air quality due to pollution is a serious environmental problem in most urban areas. The greatest burden of pollution is on human health. Urban air quality management requires an integrated approach that (i) identifies the most serious problems and measures that offer cost-effective and feasible solutions across a range of economic sectors and pollution sources including industries, ...


    By The World Bank

  • Weather Information Service Engine Project (WISE)

    Weather Information Service Engine Project (WISE) is dedicated to resolve urban environmental issues including high-resolution weather forecasting, urban flooding prediction, road meteorology and urban carbon dynamics, and new urban service systems to minimize and mitigate the impacts of natural disasters and climate change on urban dwellers. WISE is targeting South Korea’s capitol, ...


    By Apogee Instruments, Inc.

  • Smell and odor nuisance, what is that?

    As Aerox we offer our clients sustainable solutions for the reduction of industrial odor emissions. In the conversations we have with our contacts we often receive questions about how this exactly works, what smell actually is, why something stinks and why we actually are in this market. Hence it is interesting to consider what odor and odor nuisance actually are. In this article we have ...


    By Aerox B.V.

  • Particulate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in urban air of Tehran

    Epidemiological studies have shown correlations between the concentration of particles in the air and increase of daily rates of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases and mortality (Douglas et al.,1992; Jonathan et al.,1995; Auron et al.,1995). Elevated lung cancer rates among women in rural china have been attributed to emissions from their coal-fired stoves (Mumford et al.,1987;Alder and ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Air quality assessment in Bologna by an urban dispersion model

    An urban dispersion model (ADMS?Urban) was run to calculate PM10 and NO2 concentration during a one-year period, on a district of Bologna, Italy. Moreover, the exposure of 333 children was estimated using model outputs corrected with observations. The model was able to correctly simulate the long-term statistical properties of roadside observed concentrations (such as annual mean and frequency ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air–quality impact of PM10 emission in urban centres

    This paper calculates a detailed inventory of PM10 emissions in the urban area of Mendoza, Argentina, and evaluates the impact of such emissions by using the CALPUFF dispersion program. It includes direct and indirect emissions from mobile sources; emissions from industrial sources and fugitive emissions from unpaved road and dust production from bare land. The main results show the relevance of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An integrated strategy for urban Air Quality Management in India

    An integrated strategy for urban Air Quality Management adopts a hierarchical approach – graduating from micro to macro-level management of the problem. The paper provides a conceptual framework, and analyses it in the Indian context through energy-environment modelling and local-level studies. The key insights from the analysis are: technology transfers from developed countries promote ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Particulate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in urban air of Tehran

    Epidemiological studies have shown correlations between the concentration of particles in the air and increase of daily rates of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases and mortality (Douglas et al.,1992; Jonathan et al.,1995; Auron et al.,1995). Elevated lung cancer rates among women in rural china have been attributed to emissions from their coal-fired stoves (Mumford et al.,1987;Alder and ...


  • Urban vulnerabilities: think simple

    Noting the signals coming from the community of complex critical infrastructures management indicating, on the one hand, a definite preoccupation with identifying and properly characterising system vulnerabilities and, on the other hand, a dissatisfaction with (generally) expert capabilities to provide the effective ways and means sought, this paper submits that contributing to the situation is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • On the urban aspect of the Copenhagen dataset

    It was one of the findings from the model validation exercise during the third workshop 1994 in Mol that there was a common tendency for all models under consideration to underestimate the observed concentrations in the case of the Copenhagen dataset. It is argued here that this is due to the fact that this experiment was performed over a rough suburban surface. In such circumstances, a roughness ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • ADMS and ADMS-Urban

    ADMS and ADMS-Urban are new generation air quality models that are easy to use and attractively presented. They run on a PC under Windows and are suitable for modelling of industrial and urban dispersion problems for comparison with limits, planning, and 'what if' scenarios. Each model can be linked to a GIS (geographical information system) for simple entry of sources and clear presentation of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Urban energy policy design

    Over 60 per cent of global energy demand is consumed in cities, where roughly half of the world's population lives. Moreover, the urban population is expected to continue increasing rapidly due to growing urbanisation in emerging economies and developing countries, putting cities at the centre of the sustainable energy challenge. Cities can play an important role in the application of sustainable ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Symphony Of The Microgrid At An Urban University

    Perched on the wind-sculpted bluffs above the Pacific Ocean, the University of California San Diego (UCSD) is one of the world’s leading research universities, with an average R&D budget of $1 billion in each of the last three years. Research includes over 50 years of investigating climate change at UCSD’s Scripps Institution of Oceanography, making it no surprise that the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Stormwater Management for Urban Environments

    IntroductionElmhurst College, a hundred-thirty-five year old private learning institution, is proceeding with a campus redevelopment project that will include a one hundred seventy bed residence hall. In addition, the college continues to be a role model for sustainable site design and an educational resource for both students and the community.The need for additional housing, due to ...


    By Advanced Pavement Technology

  • Redesigning urban transport

    The world’s cities are facing unprecedented problems. In Mexico City, Tehran, Kolkata, Bangkok, Shanghai, and hundreds of other cities, the air is no longer safe to breathe. Respiratory illnesses are rampant. In the United States, the number of hours commuters spend sitting frustrated in traffic-congested streets and highways climbs higher each year. In response, forward-thinking city planners ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Urban greenery: Initiation to UEM

    I think that I shall never see a poem lovely as a tree. These words by American poet Joyce Kilmer capture the love most people share for trees. This sentiment may be especially appropriate in urban areas where trees are particularly noticeable and play critical roles in the quality of urban life. Trees are also major capital assets in our cities and towns as much an integral part of the scene as ...


  • Urban Heat Island and Air Pollution—An Emerging Role for Hospital Respiratory Admissions in an Urban Area

    The aim of the study discussed here was to determine the associations among the urban heat island (UHI), air quality, and hospital respiratory admissions in the warm center of an urban area. The authors collected and analyzed the data regarding air quality parameters, meteorological parameters, and the daily hospital respiratory admissions in the Taichung metropolis in the autumns of 2003 and ...

  • Application of dispersion models for evaluating the influence of urban air pollution on human health

    The main objective of this study is to analyse quantitatively the influence of urban air pollution on the health of children, by (i) analysing the concentrations of pollutants in the atmosphere, (ii) analysing the indoor air concentrations, and (iii) conducting epidemiological surveys. The area considered is Espoo, the neighbouring city of Helsinki. We focus in particular on the influence of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Research Note: Air pollution challenges and solutions for China's urban transportation development

    China has experienced dramatic urbanisation and motorisation in the past 20 years. The phenomenal rise in the vehicle population in major cities has resulted in increased air pollution, traffic congestion and other 'wicked problems'. The Chinese government at all levels has made significant effort to control motor vehicle emissions, but vehicle population growth far outpaces their efforts, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • From air conditioning to urban planning, defaults and standards create dysfunction by design

    How can we stop outdated assumptions from forcing us to waste? Personal heaters are a summer survival tool for many office workers chilled to the bone by hyperactive ventilation systems — an act of self-defense against an epidemic of overcooling that is wasting energy and confounding comfort in not only offices but also large shops, schools and other buildings. An audit ...


    By Ensia

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