urban air Articles

  • Europe imagines the ‘Port of the Future’

    On October 11-13 Envirosuite’s General Manager for Europe, Chaim Kolominskas, travelled to Amsterdam to present to the 2017 GreenPort Congress as part of a session on the Port of the Future. The GreenPort Congress is the largest conference focussed on balancing operational efficiency and environmental sustainability at ports. ...


    By Envirosuite

  • Urban Air Quality Management

    ' Poor air quality due to pollution is a serious environmental problem in most urban areas. The greatest burden of pollution is on human health. Urban air quality management requires an integrated approach that (i) identifies the most serious problems and measures that offer cost-effective and feasible solutions across a range of economic sectors and pollution sources including industries, ...


    By The World Bank

  • Particulate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in urban air of Tehran

    Epidemiological studies have shown correlations between the concentration of particles in the air and increase of daily rates of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases and mortality (Douglas et al.,1992; Jonathan et al.,1995; Auron et al.,1995). Elevated lung cancer rates among women in rural china have been attributed to emissions from their coal-fired stoves (Mumford et al.,1987;Alder and ...


  • Air–quality impact of PM10 emission in urban centres

    This paper calculates a detailed inventory of PM10 emissions in the urban area of Mendoza, Argentina, and evaluates the impact of such emissions by using the CALPUFF dispersion program. It includes direct and indirect emissions from mobile sources; emissions from industrial sources and fugitive emissions from unpaved road and dust production from bare land. The main results show the relevance of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An integrated strategy for urban Air Quality Management in India

    An integrated strategy for urban Air Quality Management adopts a hierarchical approach – graduating from micro to macro-level management of the problem. The paper provides a conceptual framework, and analyses it in the Indian context through energy-environment modelling and local-level studies. The key insights from the analysis are: technology transfers from developed countries promote ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Particulate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in urban air of Tehran

    Epidemiological studies have shown correlations between the concentration of particles in the air and increase of daily rates of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases and mortality (Douglas et al.,1992; Jonathan et al.,1995; Auron et al.,1995). Elevated lung cancer rates among women in rural china have been attributed to emissions from their coal-fired stoves (Mumford et al.,1987;Alder and ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Air quality assessment in Bologna by an urban dispersion model

    An urban dispersion model (ADMS?Urban) was run to calculate PM10 and NO2 concentration during a one-year period, on a district of Bologna, Italy. Moreover, the exposure of 333 children was estimated using model outputs corrected with observations. The model was able to correctly simulate the long-term statistical properties of roadside observed concentrations (such as annual mean and frequency ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • ADMS and ADMS-Urban

    ADMS and ADMS-Urban are new generation air quality models that are easy to use and attractively presented. They run on a PC under Windows and are suitable for modelling of industrial and urban dispersion problems for comparison with limits, planning, and 'what if' scenarios. Each model can be linked to a GIS (geographical information system) for simple entry of sources and clear presentation of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Urban vulnerabilities: think simple

    Noting the signals coming from the community of complex critical infrastructures management indicating, on the one hand, a definite preoccupation with identifying and properly characterising system vulnerabilities and, on the other hand, a dissatisfaction with (generally) expert capabilities to provide the effective ways and means sought, this paper submits that contributing to the situation is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Redesigning urban transport

    The world’s cities are facing unprecedented problems. In Mexico City, Tehran, Kolkata, Bangkok, Shanghai, and hundreds of other cities, the air is no longer safe to breathe. Respiratory illnesses are rampant. In the United States, the number of hours commuters spend sitting frustrated in traffic-congested streets and highways climbs higher each year. In response, forward-thinking city planners ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Urban greenery: Initiation to UEM

    I think that I shall never see a poem lovely as a tree. These words by American poet Joyce Kilmer capture the love most people share for trees. This sentiment may be especially appropriate in urban areas where trees are particularly noticeable and play critical roles in the quality of urban life. Trees are also major capital assets in our cities and towns as much an integral part of the scene as ...


  • On the urban aspect of the Copenhagen dataset

    It was one of the findings from the model validation exercise during the third workshop 1994 in Mol that there was a common tendency for all models under consideration to underestimate the observed concentrations in the case of the Copenhagen dataset. It is argued here that this is due to the fact that this experiment was performed over a rough suburban surface. In such circumstances, a roughness ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Stormwater Management for Urban Environments

    IntroductionElmhurst College, a hundred-thirty-five year old private learning institution, is proceeding with a campus redevelopment project that will include a one hundred seventy bed residence hall. In addition, the college continues to be a role model for sustainable site design and an educational resource for both students and the community.The need for additional housing, due to ...


    By Advanced Pavement Technology

  • Urban Heat Island and Air Pollution—An Emerging Role for Hospital Respiratory Admissions in an Urban Area

    The aim of the study discussed here was to determine the associations among the urban heat island (UHI), air quality, and hospital respiratory admissions in the warm center of an urban area. The authors collected and analyzed the data regarding air quality parameters, meteorological parameters, and the daily hospital respiratory admissions in the Taichung metropolis in the autumns of 2003 and ...

  • Application of The Air Pollution Model (TAPM) to the urban airshed of Bangkok, Thailand

    Bangkok has been faced with air pollution problems as a result of increasing traffic emissions. The Air Pollution Model (TAPM) was employed to simulate carbon monoxide (CO) concentrations based on an emissions inventory data. The hourly CO concentrations from a year-long simulation have been evaluated against observations from six monitoring sites. The simulated concentrations were evaluated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Economic impacts of urban air pollution: valuation for Mumbai, India

    Urban air pollution is on the rise in many cities of the world. There are associated health impacts that affect urban residents, especially the poor. By doing economic valuation, it is possible to draw the attention of citizens, policy-makers and, of course, researchers to the extent of damage and the value of it. In this paper, such a valuation is done using time-series data for the suburb of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling urban air quality using artificial neural network

    This paper describes the development of artificial neural network-based vehicular exhaust emission models for predicting 8-h average carbon monoxide concentrations at two air quality control regions (AQCRs) in the city of Delhi, India, viz. a typical traffic intersection (AQCR1) and a typical arterial road (AQCR2). Maximum of ten meteorological and six traffic characteristic variables have been ...


    By Springer

  • Design methodology for background air pollution monitoring site selection in an urban area

    We present an air monitoring site selection procedure to determine the minimum number and location of monitoring stations to identify the occurrence of background concentrations greater than a reference value in an urban area. The objective technique reported here is based on the analysis of concentrations estimated using an urban dispersion model for at least one year of hourly information. As ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Meteorology applied to urban air pollution problems: COST 715

    The requirements of the framework Directive on air quality assessment and management introduce real practical problems for the meteorological community. Some of the meteorological variables needed in urban air pollution assessments are not routinely measured and in normal circumstances the number of meteorological stations in urban areas is limited to a few sites, often just at airports. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Vertical and Diurnal characterization of volatile organic compounds in ambient air in Urban areas

    More than half of the world’s population lives in cities, and their populations are rapidly increasing. Information on vertical and diurnal characterizations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in urban areas with heavy ambient air pollution can help further understand the impact of ambient VOCs on the local urban environment. This study characterized vertical and diurnal variations in ...

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