urban air quality Articles

  • Urban Air Quality Management

    ' Poor air quality due to pollution is a serious environmental problem in most urban areas. The greatest burden of pollution is on human health. Urban air quality management requires an integrated approach that (i) identifies the most serious problems and measures that offer cost-effective and feasible solutions across a range of economic sectors and pollution sources including industries, ...


    By The World Bank

  • Air quality assessment in Bologna by an urban dispersion model

    An urban dispersion model (ADMS?Urban) was run to calculate PM10 and NO2 concentration during a one-year period, on a district of Bologna, Italy. Moreover, the exposure of 333 children was estimated using model outputs corrected with observations. The model was able to correctly simulate the long-term statistical properties of roadside observed concentrations (such as annual mean and frequency ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air–quality impact of PM10 emission in urban centres

    This paper calculates a detailed inventory of PM10 emissions in the urban area of Mendoza, Argentina, and evaluates the impact of such emissions by using the CALPUFF dispersion program. It includes direct and indirect emissions from mobile sources; emissions from industrial sources and fugitive emissions from unpaved road and dust production from bare land. The main results show the relevance of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An integrated strategy for urban Air Quality Management in India

    An integrated strategy for urban Air Quality Management adopts a hierarchical approach – graduating from micro to macro-level management of the problem. The paper provides a conceptual framework, and analyses it in the Indian context through energy-environment modelling and local-level studies. The key insights from the analysis are: technology transfers from developed countries promote ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling urban air quality using artificial neural network

    This paper describes the development of artificial neural network-based vehicular exhaust emission models for predicting 8-h average carbon monoxide concentrations at two air quality control regions (AQCRs) in the city of Delhi, India, viz. a typical traffic intersection (AQCR1) and a typical arterial road (AQCR2). Maximum of ten meteorological and six traffic characteristic variables have been ...


    By Springer

  • The seasonal variation of urban air quality in northern European conditions

    Meteorological conditions in northern Europe vary widely with the seasons. Consequently, the seasonal variation of urban air pollution is, to a large extent, determined by those meteorological variables which are important for air quality. We present first results on the yearly variation of atmospheric stability (and the occurrence of inversion layers), wind velocity, ambient temperature, solar ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analyses of human exposure to urban air quality in a children population

    PM levels of less than 2.5 μm and 10 μm and their effect on children health are studied and it is proposed a ventilation system to avoid outdoor air pollution inlet. Results reveal a positive correlation between indoor and outdoor PM concentrations, the importance of indoor sources and outdoor activity, and building permeability relevance. PM size confirms to be also important in matter of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • ADMS-Urban: an air quality management system for traffic, domestic and industrial pollution

    The new version of the Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling System for urban environments, ADMS-Urban, is based on the same up-to-date physics as the ADMS model, outlined briefly here in Section 2. The basic model has been the subject of extensive validation studies: as part of this series of European Harmonisation Workshops; sponsored by HMIP (Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Pollution, now part of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Numerical model–based relationship between meteorological conditions and air quality and its implication for urban air quality management

    Relationships between winter air pollutant concentrations and ten meteorological parameters were investigated based on observed pollutant concentrations and high–resolution meteorological data from weather research and forecast model, and multiple linear regression models were developed for estimating NO2 and PM10 concentrations over ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • What is sustainable air quality?

    For 40 years or more, air quality policy has been based on the paradigm of the air quality standard as a uniform criterion of acceptable environmental degradation, built on the foundations of the precautionary principle. However, developments in health science have undermined some of the underlying assumptions of this paradigm whilst technological emission controls have been offset by growing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • What is Indoor Air Quality?

    Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) refers to the degree of air purity inside buildings that constitute the usual environment in which people carry out activities (offices, homes, schools, shopping and leisure centres, etc.) Because of increasing urbanisation and our contemporary lifestyle, most people spend a large proportion of their time in these closed environments. The high level of atmospheric ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Analysis of the impact of the new Athens airport on urban air quality with contemporary air pollution models

    The new airport of Athens will be constructed in the Spata area to the east of the Athens basin. In an attempt to reveal how the airport operation will influence air quality in Athens, the transport of air pollutants in the Athens basin and the Spata area is studied by applying a set of contemporary models, all constituents of the European Zooming Model (EZM). Simulations were performed for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air Implementation Pilot - Lessons learnt from the implementation of air quality legislation at urban level

    Why have a pilot project for air policy implementation? Almost three quarters of Europeans live in cities. The air quality in our cities is therefore of significant importance to the health of Europeans. Considerable progress has been made in the past twenty years in improving urban air quality, but issues remain. A number of different air pollutants such as nitrogen dioxide, particulate ...

  • Air quality in Europe - 2014 report

    Despite considerable improvements in the past decades, Europe is still far from achieving levels of air quality that do not pose unacceptable risks to humans and the environment. Air pollution is the top environmental risk factor of premature death in Europe; it increases the incidence of a wide range of diseases and has several environmental impacts, damaging vegetation and ecosystems. This ...

  • Indoor air quality in primary schools

    The indoor air quality (IAQ) in classrooms is expected to play a key role in the assessment of the effects of the children's personal exposure to air pollution since they spend on average 7–11 h per weekday at school. A statistical treatment was conducted over a database of indoor air parameters and the primary schools where these parameters were sampled (urban area of Lisbon, Portugal). The aim ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A modelling system for air quality management

    To develop effective air quality management strategies at regional and urban levels requires the preparation of several actions belonging to different scientific areas and analysis of their complex interactions. A well-structured management system must be based on efficient tools that integrate diverse sets of information - emissions, traffic, meteorological variables and air quality data. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air quality in Europe — 2015 report

    Air pollution is both an environmental and a social problem, as it leads to a multitude of adverse effects on human health, ecosystems, the built environment and the climate. Air pollution poses the single largest environmental health risk in Europe today. Air pollutants are emitted from anthropogenic and natural sources; they may be transported or formed over long distances; and they may affect ...

  • Pollution abatement for improving air quality of Tangshan municipality, China: a perspective of urban-airshed carrying-capacity concept

    This paper presents a perspective of Urban-Airshed Carrying-Capacity (UACC) concept for air pollution abatement in Tangshan Municipality, China. A 3D Multi-Box Air Quality Prediction (3DMBAQP) model was developed for predicting daily average SO2, TSP and PM10 concentrations in each sub-box of different municipal Function Zones (FZs). A 6-step procedure was designed to determine the UACC levels ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A review on urban air quality, global climate change and CDM issues in the transportation sector

    Although their potential for reducing both Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) and local air pollutants is considered significant, transportation projects remain an almost negligible part of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). Inspired by the CURB-AIR project, this paper reviews several case studies focused on Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) and biofuels in the context of CDM. The key difficulties associated with ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Effect of Air Pollution on Yield and Quality of Mung Bean Grown in Peri-Urban Areas of Varanasi

    Abstract  There is growing concern that air pollution may have adverse impacts on crops in developing countries, yet this has been little studied. This paper addresses this issue, for a major leguminous crop of the Indian sub continent, examining the effect of air pollution in and around an Indian city. A field study was conducted using a gradient approach to elucidate the impact of air ...


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