urban air quality Articles

  • Urban Air Quality Management

    ' Poor air quality due to pollution is a serious environmental problem in most urban areas. The greatest burden of pollution is on human health. Urban air quality management requires an integrated approach that (i) identifies the most serious problems and measures that offer cost-effective and feasible solutions across a range of economic sectors and pollution sources including industries, ...


    By The World Bank

  • Air–quality impact of PM10 emission in urban centres

    This paper calculates a detailed inventory of PM10 emissions in the urban area of Mendoza, Argentina, and evaluates the impact of such emissions by using the CALPUFF dispersion program. It includes direct and indirect emissions from mobile sources; emissions from industrial sources and fugitive emissions from unpaved road and dust production from bare land. The main results show the relevance of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An integrated strategy for urban Air Quality Management in India

    An integrated strategy for urban Air Quality Management adopts a hierarchical approach – graduating from micro to macro-level management of the problem. The paper provides a conceptual framework, and analyses it in the Indian context through energy-environment modelling and local-level studies. The key insights from the analysis are: technology transfers from developed countries promote ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air quality assessment in Bologna by an urban dispersion model

    An urban dispersion model (ADMS?Urban) was run to calculate PM10 and NO2 concentration during a one-year period, on a district of Bologna, Italy. Moreover, the exposure of 333 children was estimated using model outputs corrected with observations. The model was able to correctly simulate the long-term statistical properties of roadside observed concentrations (such as annual mean and frequency ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • ADMS-Urban: an air quality management system for traffic, domestic and industrial pollution

    The new version of the Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling System for urban environments, ADMS-Urban, is based on the same up-to-date physics as the ADMS model, outlined briefly here in Section 2. The basic model has been the subject of extensive validation studies: as part of this series of European Harmonisation Workshops; sponsored by HMIP (Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Pollution, now part of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The seasonal variation of urban air quality in northern European conditions

    Meteorological conditions in northern Europe vary widely with the seasons. Consequently, the seasonal variation of urban air pollution is, to a large extent, determined by those meteorological variables which are important for air quality. We present first results on the yearly variation of atmospheric stability (and the occurrence of inversion layers), wind velocity, ambient temperature, solar ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analyses of human exposure to urban air quality in a children population

    PM levels of less than 2.5 μm and 10 μm and their effect on children health are studied and it is proposed a ventilation system to avoid outdoor air pollution inlet. Results reveal a positive correlation between indoor and outdoor PM concentrations, the importance of indoor sources and outdoor activity, and building permeability relevance. PM size confirms to be also important in matter of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling urban air quality using artificial neural network

    This paper describes the development of artificial neural network-based vehicular exhaust emission models for predicting 8-h average carbon monoxide concentrations at two air quality control regions (AQCRs) in the city of Delhi, India, viz. a typical traffic intersection (AQCR1) and a typical arterial road (AQCR2). Maximum of ten meteorological and six traffic characteristic variables have been ...


    By Springer

  • Numerical model–based relationship between meteorological conditions and air quality and its implication for urban air quality management

    Relationships between winter air pollutant concentrations and ten meteorological parameters were investigated based on observed pollutant concentrations and high–resolution meteorological data from weather research and forecast model, and multiple linear regression models were developed for estimating NO2 and PM10 concentrations over ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • What is sustainable air quality?

    For 40 years or more, air quality policy has been based on the paradigm of the air quality standard as a uniform criterion of acceptable environmental degradation, built on the foundations of the precautionary principle. However, developments in health science have undermined some of the underlying assumptions of this paradigm whilst technological emission controls have been offset by growing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analysis of the impact of the new Athens airport on urban air quality with contemporary air pollution models

    The new airport of Athens will be constructed in the Spata area to the east of the Athens basin. In an attempt to reveal how the airport operation will influence air quality in Athens, the transport of air pollutants in the Athens basin and the Spata area is studied by applying a set of contemporary models, all constituents of the European Zooming Model (EZM). Simulations were performed for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air Implementation Pilot - Lessons learnt from the implementation of air quality legislation at urban level

    Why have a pilot project for air policy implementation? Almost three quarters of Europeans live in cities. The air quality in our cities is therefore of significant importance to the health of Europeans. Considerable progress has been made in the past twenty years in improving urban air quality, but issues remain. A number of different air pollutants such as nitrogen dioxide, particulate ...

  • A modelling system for air quality management

    To develop effective air quality management strategies at regional and urban levels requires the preparation of several actions belonging to different scientific areas and analysis of their complex interactions. A well-structured management system must be based on efficient tools that integrate diverse sets of information - emissions, traffic, meteorological variables and air quality data. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air quality in Europe - 2014 report

    Despite considerable improvements in the past decades, Europe is still far from achieving levels of air quality that do not pose unacceptable risks to humans and the environment. Air pollution is the top environmental risk factor of premature death in Europe; it increases the incidence of a wide range of diseases and has several environmental impacts, damaging vegetation and ecosystems. This ...

  • Indoor air quality in primary schools

    The indoor air quality (IAQ) in classrooms is expected to play a key role in the assessment of the effects of the children's personal exposure to air pollution since they spend on average 7–11 h per weekday at school. A statistical treatment was conducted over a database of indoor air parameters and the primary schools where these parameters were sampled (urban area of Lisbon, Portugal). The aim ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air quality in Europe — 2015 report

    Air pollution is both an environmental and a social problem, as it leads to a multitude of adverse effects on human health, ecosystems, the built environment and the climate. Air pollution poses the single largest environmental health risk in Europe today. Air pollutants are emitted from anthropogenic and natural sources; they may be transported or formed over long distances; and they may affect ...

  • A quantitative approach to the traffic air quality problem: the traffic air quality index

    The Traffic Air Quality (TAQ) model is a simple tool to estimate traffic fine particulate emissions on roadways (g/km) and can be used for both real-time analysis and for localized conformity analysis (“hot-spot” analysis for nonattainment areas) as defined by 40 CFR 93.123. This paper is a follow-up to a study published earlier regarding the development of the TAQ model. This paper shows how ...

  • Air quality in Europe — 2013 report

    Air quality continues to be a very important issue for public health, the economy and the environment. Europe has significantly cut emissions of several air pollutants in recent decades, greatly reducing emissions and exposure to substances such as sulphur dioxide (SO2), carbon monoxide (CO), benzene (C6H6) and lead (Pb). Despite improvements over several decades, air pollution continues to ...

  • Artificial neural network based vehicular pollution prediction model: a practical approach for urban air quality prediction

    The achievement of local air quality management goals in densely populated built-up urban areas often requires short-term air quality plans or emission management policies. Vehicular pollution modelling is an effective tool in managing the vehicular exhaust emissions in urban environments. In the recent past, Artificial Neural Network (ANN) based vehicular pollution models are found to be useful ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • 2013: a ‘perfect storm’ in air quality

    As many countries fail to meet air quality targets and large numbers of premature deaths still result from air pollution, Jim Mills, a particulate monitoring specialist and Managing Director of Air Monitors, explains why 2013 will be a pivotal year. In November 2011 Janez Potočnik, European Commissioner for the Environment, expressed his determination to make 2013 the ‘Year of ...


    By Air Monitors Ltd.

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