urban flood Articles

  • Urban flood risk assessment using sewer flooding databases

    Sustainable water management is a global challenge for the 21st century. One key aspect remains protection against urban flooding. The main objective is to ensure or maintain an adequate level of service for all inhabitants. However, level of service is still difficult to assess and the high-risk locations difficult to identify. In this article, we propose a methodology, which (i) allows water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Flood risk modelling based on tangible and intangible urban flood damage quantification

    The usual way to quantify flood damage is by application stage-damage functions. Urban flood incidents in flat areas mostly result in intangible damages like traffic disturbance and inconvenience for pedestrians caused by pools at building entrances, on sidewalks and parking spaces. Stage-damage functions are not well suited to quantify damage for these floods. This paper presents an alternative ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Methodology for qualitative urban flooding risk assessment

    Pluvial or surface flooding can cause significant damage and disruption as it often affects highly urbanised areas. Therefore it is essential to accurately identify consequences and assess the risks associated with such phenomena. The aim of this study is to present the results and investigate the applicability of a qualitative flood risk assessment methodology in urban areas. This methodology ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparing modelling techniques for analysing urban pluvial flooding

    Short peak rainfall intensities cause sewer systems to overflow leading to flooding of streets and houses. Due to climate change and densification of urban areas, this is expected to occur more often in the future. Hence, next to their minor (i.e. sewer) system, municipalities have to analyse their major (i.e. surface) system in order to anticipate urban flooding during extreme rainfall. Urban ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Different approaches for modelling of sewer caused urban flooding

    The correct prediction of flooding in urban areas is an important challenge to secure the values and fulfil public regulations. Traditional sewer simulations deliver the basic information for a rudimental flood protection, but the interaction between sewer and surface runoff can only be considered by a bi-directional modelling. Therefore detailed information about the relevant structures on the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling the impact of urbanization on flood frequency relationships in the UK

    This paper investigates the effect of urbanization on the three key statistics used to establish flood frequency curves when combining the index flood method with the method of L-moments for estimating distribution parameters, i.e. the median annual maximum peak flow (the index flood), and the high-order L-moment ratios L-CV and L-SKEW. An existing procedure employing catchment descriptors was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An integrated modeling approach to predict flooding on urban basin

    Introduction: Flooding on urban basins is intensifying due to rapid urbanization. Flooding primarily occurs because of drainage congestion of inland flow and/or over bank flow of river during severe rainfall event. Rapid urbanization is causing a major change in rainfall-runoff phenomenon and the drainage system as well. The overland flow pattern is becoming complex due to huge structural ...


    By XP Solutions

  • Different approaches for modelling of sewer caused urban flooding

    The correct prediction of flooding in urban areas is an important challenge to secure the values and fulfil public regulations. Traditional sewer simulations deliver the basic information for a rudimental flood protection, but the interaction between sewer and surface runoff can only be considered by a bi-directional modelling. Therefore detailed information about the relevant structures on the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Decision support system for urban flood management

    ABSTRACT This paper presents the development of a decision support system (DSS) for flood warning and instantiation of restoration activities in two urban areas, the Liguria Region in Italy and the Greater Athens catchment in Greece, with the potential of extension to other locations with similar flooding problems. The tool is designed to work at the centre of a set of meteorological and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Flood Alleviation

    BritishFlora helps rescue lost London river from subterranean obscurity in award winning flood prevention. In the 1930's, engineers at the then Metropolitan Borough of Woolwich diverted a flood-prone section of the River Quaggy through an underground culvert so that new housing could beQuaggy built. In fine weather, the river was contained. But after heavy rainfall, the Quaggy became a ...


    By BritishFlora

  • Modelling and Managing Flood Risk and Flooding

    The UK’s prestigious Royal Society recently held a discussion group on the subject of Flood Management and Climate Change. With much of the Northern Hemisphere approaching the winter flooding season, we spoke to Wallingford Software’s David Fortune to find out the role of modelling in flood forecasting and flood management. He set out his ideas as follows: We must remember first that, while we ...


    By Innovyze

  • How To Handle Chemical Spills & Cleanups

    FAST-ACT is designed for liquid and vapor chemical releases, but the chemicals it attacks does not need to be limited to what we traditionally think of as a chemical spill. Toxic and noxious chemicals can come from a variety of sources such as waste water, decomposition, household chemicals, and animals. Since FAST-ACT can be applied to liquid spill or vapor release enabling Emergency Responders ...


    By Fast-ACT

  • Modelling design flood hydrographs in catchments with mixed urban and rural land cover

    The effect of urban land cover on catchment flood response is evaluated using a lumped rainfall–runoff model to analyse flood events from selected UK catchments with mixed urban and rural land use. The present study proposes and evaluates a series of three extensions to an existing model to enable a better representation of urban effects, namely: an increase in runoff volume, reduced ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sensitivity analysis of surface runoff generation in urban flood forecasting

    Reliable flood forecasting requires hydraulic models capable to estimate pluvial flooding fast enough in order to enable successful operational responses. Increased computational speed can be achieved by using a 1D/1D model, since 2D models are too computationally demanding. Further changes can be made by simplifying 1D network models, removing and by changing some secondary elements. The Urban ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysing urban floods and combined sewer overflows in a changing climate

    Climate change is expected to lead to an increased frequency and intensity of extreme precipitation events. For urban drainage, the primary adverse effects are more frequent and severe sewer overloading and flooding in urban areas, and higher discharges through combined sewer overflows (CSO). For assessing the possible effects of climate change, urban drainage models are run with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Queensland Urban Utilities Upgrades Flood Damaged Site - Case Study

    Adelaide, Australia: Clarke Energy has been commissioned by Queensland Urban Utilities (QUU) to supply two sewage treatment plants (STPs) with new sewage gascogeneration units in Brisbane. Clarke Energy assisting Queensland ...


    By Clarke Energy

  • Enhanced DEM-based flow path delineation methods for urban flood modelling

    In order to simulate surface runoff and flooding, one-dimensional (1D) overland flow networks can be automatically delineated using digital elevation models (DEM). The resulting network comprises flow paths and terrain depressions/ponds and is essential to reliably model pluvial (surface) flooding events in urban areas by so-called 1D/1D models. Conventional automatic DEM-based flow path ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A high-performance integrated hydrodynamic modelling system for urban flood simulations

    A new High-Performance Integrated hydrodynamic Modelling System (Hi-PIMS) is tested for urban flood simulation. The software solves the two-dimensional shallow water equations using a first-order accurate Godunov-type shock-capturing scheme incorporated with the Harten, Lax and van Leer approximate Riemann solver with the contact wave restored (HLLC) for flux evaluation. The benefits of modern ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Adaptation tipping points and opportunities for urban flood risk management

    The effects of climate change are expected to increase the frequency and magnitude of floods, droughts and heat waves. An emerging method termed adaptation tipping point – opportunity (ATP-O) assesses a system's climate-incurred tipping points and uses opportunities arising from urban developments to introduce adaptation strategies while reducing investment costs. The objective of this ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of rainfall data resolution in time and space on the urban flooding evaluation

    Climate change and modification of the urban environment increase the frequency and the negative effects of flooding, increasing the interest of researchers and practitioners in this topic. Usually, flood frequency analysis in urban areas is indirectly carried out by adopting advanced hydraulic models to simulate long historical rainfall series or design storms. However, their results are ...


    By IWA Publishing

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