urban flood Articles

  • Flood risk modelling based on tangible and intangible urban flood damage quantification

    The usual way to quantify flood damage is by application stage-damage functions. Urban flood incidents in flat areas mostly result in intangible damages like traffic disturbance and inconvenience for pedestrians caused by pools at building entrances, on sidewalks and parking spaces. Stage-damage functions are not well suited to quantify damage for these floods. This paper presents an alternative ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Urban flood risk assessment using sewer flooding databases

    Sustainable water management is a global challenge for the 21st century. One key aspect remains protection against urban flooding. The main objective is to ensure or maintain an adequate level of service for all inhabitants. However, level of service is still difficult to assess and the high-risk locations difficult to identify. In this article, we propose a methodology, which (i) allows water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Methodology for qualitative urban flooding risk assessment

    Pluvial or surface flooding can cause significant damage and disruption as it often affects highly urbanised areas. Therefore it is essential to accurately identify consequences and assess the risks associated with such phenomena. The aim of this study is to present the results and investigate the applicability of a qualitative flood risk assessment methodology in urban areas. This methodology ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Decision support system for urban flood management

    ABSTRACT This paper presents the development of a decision support system (DSS) for flood warning and instantiation of restoration activities in two urban areas, the Liguria Region in Italy and the Greater Athens catchment in Greece, with the potential of extension to other locations with similar flooding problems. The tool is designed to work at the centre of a set of meteorological and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Different approaches for modelling of sewer caused urban flooding

    The correct prediction of flooding in urban areas is an important challenge to secure the values and fulfil public regulations. Traditional sewer simulations deliver the basic information for a rudimental flood protection, but the interaction between sewer and surface runoff can only be considered by a bi-directional modelling. Therefore detailed information about the relevant structures on the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparing modelling techniques for analysing urban pluvial flooding

    Short peak rainfall intensities cause sewer systems to overflow leading to flooding of streets and houses. Due to climate change and densification of urban areas, this is expected to occur more often in the future. Hence, next to their minor (i.e. sewer) system, municipalities have to analyse their major (i.e. surface) system in order to anticipate urban flooding during extreme rainfall. Urban ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling the impact of urbanization on flood frequency relationships in the UK

    This paper investigates the effect of urbanization on the three key statistics used to establish flood frequency curves when combining the index flood method with the method of L-moments for estimating distribution parameters, i.e. the median annual maximum peak flow (the index flood), and the high-order L-moment ratios L-CV and L-SKEW. An existing procedure employing catchment descriptors was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Different approaches for modelling of sewer caused urban flooding

    The correct prediction of flooding in urban areas is an important challenge to secure the values and fulfil public regulations. Traditional sewer simulations deliver the basic information for a rudimental flood protection, but the interaction between sewer and surface runoff can only be considered by a bi-directional modelling. Therefore detailed information about the relevant structures on the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Flood Alleviation

    BritishFlora helps rescue lost London river from subterranean obscurity in award winning flood prevention. In the 1930's, engineers at the then Metropolitan Borough of Woolwich diverted a flood-prone section of the River Quaggy through an underground culvert so that new housing could beQuaggy built. In fine weather, the river was contained. But after heavy rainfall, the Quaggy became a ...


    By BritishFlora

  • Modelling and Managing Flood Risk and Flooding

    The UK’s prestigious Royal Society recently held a discussion group on the subject of Flood Management and Climate Change. With much of the Northern Hemisphere approaching the winter flooding season, we spoke to Wallingford Software’s David Fortune to find out the role of modelling in flood forecasting and flood management. He set out his ideas as follows: We must remember first that, while we ...


    By Innovyze

  • Urban Hydrology

    The provision and disposal of water for urban populations is as old as the development of cities themselves. Unrestrained development has made the task ever more difficult and hydrologists and civil engineers face constant pressures to stay on top of the challenges of providing sufficient supplies and adequate treatment/disposal of effluents. Urban areas have long existed as centres of trade, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sensitivity analysis of surface runoff generation in urban flood forecasting

    Reliable flood forecasting requires hydraulic models capable to estimate pluvial flooding fast enough in order to enable successful operational responses. Increased computational speed can be achieved by using a 1D/1D model, since 2D models are too computationally demanding. Further changes can be made by simplifying 1D network models, removing and by changing some secondary elements. The Urban ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling design flood hydrographs in catchments with mixed urban and rural land cover

    The effect of urban land cover on catchment flood response is evaluated using a lumped rainfall–runoff model to analyse flood events from selected UK catchments with mixed urban and rural land use. The present study proposes and evaluates a series of three extensions to an existing model to enable a better representation of urban effects, namely: an increase in runoff volume, reduced ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Flood forecasting within urban drainage systems using NARX neural network

    Urbanization activity and climate change increase the runoff volumes, and consequently the surcharge of the urban drainage systems (UDS). In addition, age and structural failures of these utilities limit their capacities, and thus generate hydraulic operation shortages, leading to flooding events. The large increase in floods within urban areas requires rapid actions from the UDS operators. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Flood control in an urban drainage system using a linear controller

    Effective management of floods in densely populated urban areas poses a great challenge. Computer modeling plays an important role in appropriate management of urban drainage systems. In this study an effort has been made to develop an efficient urban drainage model in which hydraulic results obtained from the developed SWMM model have been linked with a Proportional Integral Derivative (PID) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Urban flash flood forecast using support vector machine and numerical simulation

    In order to provide urban flood early warning effectively, two support vector machine (SVM) models, using a numerical model as data producer, were developed to forecast the flood alert and the maximum flood depth, respectively. An application in the urban area of Jinlong River Basin, Hangzhou, China, showed the superiority of the proposed models. Statistical results based on the comparison ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysing urban floods and combined sewer overflows in a changing climate

    Climate change is expected to lead to an increased frequency and intensity of extreme precipitation events. For urban drainage, the primary adverse effects are more frequent and severe sewer overloading and flooding in urban areas, and higher discharges through combined sewer overflows (CSO). For assessing the possible effects of climate change, urban drainage models are run with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Queensland Urban Utilities Upgrades Flood Damaged Site - Case Study

    Adelaide, Australia: Clarke Energy has been commissioned by Queensland Urban Utilities (QUU) to supply two sewage treatment plants (STPs) with new sewage gascogeneration units in Brisbane. Clarke Energy assisting Queensland ...


    By Clarke Energy

  • Urban Lakes

    BritishFlora's expertise in delivery of cost-effective Remediation of Urban Lake. For years fish had been dying in the dirty, silted waters of Bracknell Mill Pond. When Bracknell Town Council, in partnership with Thames Water and the Environment Agency, resolved to transform this operational flood storage lagoon into a flagship wildlife and recreation resource, no one was more pleased ...


    By BritishFlora

  • A methodology for processing raw LiDAR data to support urban flood modelling framework

    An assessment has been carried out to study the performance of seven different LiDAR filtering algorithms and to evaluate their suitability for urban flood modelling applications. It was found that none of these algorithms can be regarded as fully suitable to support such work in its present form. The paper presents the augmentation of an existing Progressive Morphological filtering algorithm for ...


    By IWA Publishing

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