urban flood Articles

  • Urban flood risk assessment using sewer flooding databases

    Sustainable water management is a global challenge for the 21st century. One key aspect remains protection against urban flooding. The main objective is to ensure or maintain an adequate level of service for all inhabitants. However, level of service is still difficult to assess and the high-risk locations difficult to identify. In this article, we propose a methodology, which (i) allows water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Flood risk modelling based on tangible and intangible urban flood damage quantification

    The usual way to quantify flood damage is by application stage-damage functions. Urban flood incidents in flat areas mostly result in intangible damages like traffic disturbance and inconvenience for pedestrians caused by pools at building entrances, on sidewalks and parking spaces. Stage-damage functions are not well suited to quantify damage for these floods. This paper presents an alternative ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparing modelling techniques for analysing urban pluvial flooding

    Short peak rainfall intensities cause sewer systems to overflow leading to flooding of streets and houses. Due to climate change and densification of urban areas, this is expected to occur more often in the future. Hence, next to their minor (i.e. sewer) system, municipalities have to analyse their major (i.e. surface) system in order to anticipate urban flooding during extreme rainfall. Urban ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Different approaches for modelling of sewer caused urban flooding

    The correct prediction of flooding in urban areas is an important challenge to secure the values and fulfil public regulations. Traditional sewer simulations deliver the basic information for a rudimental flood protection, but the interaction between sewer and surface runoff can only be considered by a bi-directional modelling. Therefore detailed information about the relevant structures on the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling the impact of urbanization on flood frequency relationships in the UK

    This paper investigates the effect of urbanization on the three key statistics used to establish flood frequency curves when combining the index flood method with the method of L-moments for estimating distribution parameters, i.e. the median annual maximum peak flow (the index flood), and the high-order L-moment ratios L-CV and L-SKEW. An existing procedure employing catchment descriptors was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Different approaches for modelling of sewer caused urban flooding

    The correct prediction of flooding in urban areas is an important challenge to secure the values and fulfil public regulations. Traditional sewer simulations deliver the basic information for a rudimental flood protection, but the interaction between sewer and surface runoff can only be considered by a bi-directional modelling. Therefore detailed information about the relevant structures on the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Decision support system for urban flood management

    ABSTRACT This paper presents the development of a decision support system (DSS) for flood warning and instantiation of restoration activities in two urban areas, the Liguria Region in Italy and the Greater Athens catchment in Greece, with the potential of extension to other locations with similar flooding problems. The tool is designed to work at the centre of a set of meteorological and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Methodology for qualitative urban flooding risk assessment

    Pluvial or surface flooding can cause significant damage and disruption as it often affects highly urbanised areas. Therefore it is essential to accurately identify consequences and assess the risks associated with such phenomena. The aim of this study is to present the results and investigate the applicability of a qualitative flood risk assessment methodology in urban areas. This methodology ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Queensland: a water sensitive future

    South East Queensland (SEQ) is planning a water sensitive future for the region and its cities. In order to the transition to be successful, it is necessary to develop an implementation plan. This plan aims is to identify a common vision that focuses on the transition pathway and mechanisms the region needs, to become a water ...


    By Geoplast US Corp.

  • Flood Alleviation

    BritishFlora helps rescue lost London river from subterranean obscurity in award winning flood prevention. In the 1930's, engineers at the then Metropolitan Borough of Woolwich diverted a flood-prone section of the River Quaggy through an underground culvert so that new housing could beQuaggy built. In fine weather, the river was contained. But after heavy rainfall, the Quaggy became a ...


    By BritishFlora

  • Modelling and Managing Flood Risk and Flooding

    The UK’s prestigious Royal Society recently held a discussion group on the subject of Flood Management and Climate Change. With much of the Northern Hemisphere approaching the winter flooding season, we spoke to Wallingford Software’s David Fortune to find out the role of modelling in flood forecasting and flood management. He set out his ideas as follows: We must remember first that, while we ...


    By Innovyze

  • Urban Hydrology

    The provision and disposal of water for urban populations is as old as the development of cities themselves. Unrestrained development has made the task ever more difficult and hydrologists and civil engineers face constant pressures to stay on top of the challenges of providing sufficient supplies and adequate treatment/disposal of effluents. Urban areas have long existed as centres of trade, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of rainfall data resolution in time and space on the urban flooding evaluation

    Climate change and modification of the urban environment increase the frequency and the negative effects of flooding, increasing the interest of researchers and practitioners in this topic. Usually, flood frequency analysis in urban areas is indirectly carried out by adopting advanced hydraulic models to simulate long historical rainfall series or design storms. However, their results are ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhanced DEM-based flow path delineation methods for urban flood modelling

    In order to simulate surface runoff and flooding, one-dimensional (1D) overland flow networks can be automatically delineated using digital elevation models (DEM). The resulting network comprises flow paths and terrain depressions/ponds and is essential to reliably model pluvial (surface) flooding events in urban areas by so-called 1D/1D models. Conventional automatic DEM-based flow path ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A high-performance integrated hydrodynamic modelling system for urban flood simulations

    A new High-Performance Integrated hydrodynamic Modelling System (Hi-PIMS) is tested for urban flood simulation. The software solves the two-dimensional shallow water equations using a first-order accurate Godunov-type shock-capturing scheme incorporated with the Harten, Lax and van Leer approximate Riemann solver with the contact wave restored (HLLC) for flux evaluation. The benefits of modern ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Adaptation tipping points and opportunities for urban flood risk management

    The effects of climate change are expected to increase the frequency and magnitude of floods, droughts and heat waves. An emerging method termed adaptation tipping point – opportunity (ATP-O) assesses a system's climate-incurred tipping points and uses opportunities arising from urban developments to introduce adaptation strategies while reducing investment costs. The objective of this ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects of model schematisation, geometry and parameter values on urban flood modelling

    One-dimensional (1D) hydrodynamic models have been used as a standard industry practice for urban flood modelling work for many years. More recently, however, model formulations have included a 1D representation of the main channels and a 2D representation of the floodplains. Since the physical process of describing exchanges of flows with the floodplains can be represented in different ways, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The efficiency of asset management strategies to reduce urban flood risk

    In this study, three asset management strategies were compared with respect to their efficiency to reduce flood risk. Data from call centres at two municipalities were used to quantify urban flood risks associated with three causes of urban flooding: gully pot blockage, sewer pipe blockage and sewer overloading. The efficiency of three flood reduction strategies was assessed based on their effect ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A methodology for processing raw LiDAR data to support urban flood modelling framework

    An assessment has been carried out to study the performance of seven different LiDAR filtering algorithms and to evaluate their suitability for urban flood modelling applications. It was found that none of these algorithms can be regarded as fully suitable to support such work in its present form. The paper presents the augmentation of an existing Progressive Morphological filtering algorithm for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Real-time urban flood forecasting and modelling – a state of the art

    All urban drainage networks are designed to manage a maximum rainfall. This situation implies an accepted flood risk for any greater rainfall event. This risk is often underestimated as factors such as city growth and climate change are ignored. But even major structural changes cannot guarantee that urban drainage networks would cope with all future rain events. Thus, being able to forecast ...


    By IWA Publishing

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