urban pollution Articles

  • Pollutants in Urban Wastewater and Sewage Sludge

    Untitled Document Executive Summary Water policy in the European Union is aiming to promote sustainable water use and a major ...

  • Characterisation of Urban Runoff Pollution in Paris

    Abstract:Runoff was collected from 4 roofs, 3 courtyards and 6 streets on an experimental catchment in central Paris, and analysed for SS, VSS, COD, BODS, hydrocarbons, heavy metals both as regards dissolved and particles fractions. Whereas street runoff showed important SS, COD and hydrocarbon loads, roof runoff was noticeable for its high concentration of heavy metals... ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What is Indoor Air Quality?

    Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) refers to the degree of air purity inside buildings that constitute the usual environment in which people carry out activities (offices, homes, schools, shopping and leisure centres, etc.) Because of increasing urbanisation and our contemporary lifestyle, most people spend a large proportion of their time in these closed environments. The high level of atmospheric ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • The ‘ins and outs’ of air quality monitoring

    The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recently issued draft guidance on ‘Air pollution - outdoor air quality and health.’ In the following article Jim Mills, Managing Director of Air Monitors Ltd, explains why there will need to be more funding for monitoring if the mitigation measures mentioned in the guidance are to be implemented effectively. Jim also ...


    By Air Monitors Ltd.

  • An urban scale model for pollutant dispersion in Rome

    A Gaussian model software (Atmospheric Dispersion Model System?ADMS-Urban) is used to forecast the carbon monoxide concentrations in the Urban Boundary Layer (UBL) of the city of Rome, Italy. The simulations refer to 14 days during 2002. Two data set inputs were considered in order to evaluate the urban background concentration and the effects of the main roads surrounding the monitoring ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Traffic pollution modelling in a complex urban street

    This study explores for the first time, the applicability of the Danish Operational Street Pollution Model (OSPM) in the city of Buenos Aires where street canyons are very irregular. The model is applied in an irregular and asymmetric street canyon of a five–lane avenue near a street intersection. Urban background concentrations estimated by the DAUMOD model are considered. Meteorological ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water quality assessment of a polluted urban river

    Urban rivers in Latin America are heavily impacted by human activities that affect their functions and services. This paper shows the results of a water quality assessment for the Reconquista River, the second most polluted urban river in Argentina. They allowed the identification of the main processes of transport of pollutants and the prioritisation of different areas of the basin for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Numerical model of urban aerodynamics and pollution dispersion

    For analysis of atmospheric processes in the urban environment, the microscale meteorological and dispersion model M2UE is suggested, which takes into account a complex character of aerodynamics in non-uniform urban relief. The three-dimensional version of the model includes a system of Reynolds equations, two-equation k-ε model of turbulence and the 'advection-diffusion' equation to simulate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Urban Runoff

    Urban runoff is surface runoff of rainwater created by urbanization. This runoff is a major source of water pollution in many parts of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of dispersion models for evaluating the influence of urban air pollution on human health

    The main objective of this study is to analyse quantitatively the influence of urban air pollution on the health of children, by (i) analysing the concentrations of pollutants in the atmosphere, (ii) analysing the indoor air concentrations, and (iii) conducting epidemiological surveys. The area considered is Espoo, the neighbouring city of Helsinki. We focus in particular on the influence of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Controlling urban stormwater pollution by constructed wetlands: a Canadian perspective

    During the past 20 years, Constructed Stormwater Wetlands (CSWWs) have attained broad acceptance in Canada as effective measures for stormwater management. CSWWs are used mainly for improving stormwater quality by providing sufficient treatment volumes in shallow permanent pools. This leads to high requirements for land, which is one of the constraints on CSWWs use. Even though CSWWs perform less ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluation of urban pollution abatement strategies by a photochemical dispersion model

    High ozone levels are regularly reached during the summer period in Italian urban areas, indicating the need for a careful design of primary pollutants emission reduction strategies. In this perspective, the CALGRID-CALMET modelling system has been applied to the Milano metropolitan area and its suburbs, a very industrialised and populated region in the Po Valley. A simulation domain of 100 x 100 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Research Note: Air pollution challenges and solutions for China's urban transportation development

    China has experienced dramatic urbanisation and motorisation in the past 20 years. The phenomenal rise in the vehicle population in major cities has resulted in increased air pollution, traffic congestion and other 'wicked problems'. The Chinese government at all levels has made significant effort to control motor vehicle emissions, but vehicle population growth far outpaces their efforts, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Efficiencies of multilayer infiltration systems for the removal of urban runoff pollutants

    Current rates of urban development will result in water runoff becoming a major complication of urban water pollution. To address the worsening situation regarding water resource shortage and pollution, novel multilayer infiltration systems were designed and their effectiveness for removing pollutants in urban runoff tested experimentally. The multilayer infiltration systems effectively removed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Priority organic pollutants in the urban water cycle (Toulouse, France)

    Application of the European Water Framework Directive requires Member States to have better understanding of the quality of surface waters in order to improve knowledge of priority pollutants. Xenobiotics in urban receiving waters are an emerging concern. This study proposes a screening campaign of nine molecular species of xenobiotics in a separated sewer system. Five sites were investigated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Atmospheric chemical element pollution in an urban water-associated environment

    Nowadays, sustainability has become a complicated issue mainly in urban centres. Owing to the atmospheric emissions, the incorporation of toxic chemical elements is still not well known for urban water-associated ecosystems. Tillandsia bromeliads were employed as passive biomonitors of air pollution. Otherwise, the tank bromeliad Canistropsis billbergioides, native to the Atlantic Forest, was ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Statistical analysis of urban air-pollution data in the Athens basin area, Greece

    Air pollutant concentrations recorded in the Athens basin area by a network of stations are analysed and examined to estimate the typical behaviour of the air pollutants, especially with regard to daily, weekly and annual periodicities and meteorological dependencies. Also, an attempt is made to predict daily and monthly concentrations by utilising a statistically based model, that is, a multiple ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biocatalysed acidification and metal leaching processes in sediments of polluted urban streams

    Sediments of fluvial streams are a sink for pollutants such as heavy metals and organic recalcitrant compounds. In anoxic conditions, sulphide generation and alkalinisation cause precipitation of heavy metals. The redox potential of the system could change to higher values, mainly owing to oxygen exposition generated by anthropogenic disturbances of the sediment such as dredging operations. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Developmental impairment in Eurasian dipper nestlings exposed to urban stream pollutants

    Avian studies of endocrine disruption have focussed traditionally on reproductive impairment given that many environmental contaminants affect sex steroid hormones. There is also increasing interest in altered thyroid function, and associated early development, particularly in altricial species with extended developmental windows. Both types of effect are relevant under the complex pollutant ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • ADMS-Urban: an air quality management system for traffic, domestic and industrial pollution

    The new version of the Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling System for urban environments, ADMS-Urban, is based on the same up-to-date physics as the ADMS model, outlined briefly here in Section 2. The basic model has been the subject of extensive validation studies: as part of this series of European Harmonisation Workshops; sponsored by HMIP (Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Pollution, now part of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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