urban pollution Articles

  • Characterisation of Urban Runoff Pollution in Paris

    Abstract:Runoff was collected from 4 roofs, 3 courtyards and 6 streets on an experimental catchment in central Paris, and analysed for SS, VSS, COD, BODS, hydrocarbons, heavy metals both as regards dissolved and particles fractions. Whereas street runoff showed important SS, COD and hydrocarbon loads, roof runoff was noticeable for its high concentration of heavy metals... ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pollutants in Urban Wastewater and Sewage Sludge

    Untitled Document Executive Summary Water policy in the European Union is aiming to promote sustainable water use and a major ...

  • Numerical model of urban aerodynamics and pollution dispersion

    For analysis of atmospheric processes in the urban environment, the microscale meteorological and dispersion model M2UE is suggested, which takes into account a complex character of aerodynamics in non-uniform urban relief. The three-dimensional version of the model includes a system of Reynolds equations, two-equation k-ε model of turbulence and the 'advection-diffusion' equation to simulate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water quality assessment of a polluted urban river

    Urban rivers in Latin America are heavily impacted by human activities that affect their functions and services. This paper shows the results of a water quality assessment for the Reconquista River, the second most polluted urban river in Argentina. They allowed the identification of the main processes of transport of pollutants and the prioritisation of different areas of the basin for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Traffic pollution modelling in a complex urban street

    This study explores for the first time, the applicability of the Danish Operational Street Pollution Model (OSPM) in the city of Buenos Aires where street canyons are very irregular. The model is applied in an irregular and asymmetric street canyon of a five–lane avenue near a street intersection. Urban background concentrations estimated by the DAUMOD model are considered. Meteorological ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An urban scale model for pollutant dispersion in Rome

    A Gaussian model software (Atmospheric Dispersion Model System?ADMS-Urban) is used to forecast the carbon monoxide concentrations in the Urban Boundary Layer (UBL) of the city of Rome, Italy. The simulations refer to 14 days during 2002. Two data set inputs were considered in order to evaluate the urban background concentration and the effects of the main roads surrounding the monitoring ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Urban Runoff

    Urban runoff is surface runoff of rainwater created by urbanization. This runoff is a major source of water pollution in many parts of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of The Air Pollution Model (TAPM) to the urban airshed of Bangkok, Thailand

    Bangkok has been faced with air pollution problems as a result of increasing traffic emissions. The Air Pollution Model (TAPM) was employed to simulate carbon monoxide (CO) concentrations based on an emissions inventory data. The hourly CO concentrations from a year-long simulation have been evaluated against observations from six monitoring sites. The simulated concentrations were evaluated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Economic impacts of urban air pollution: valuation for Mumbai, India

    Urban air pollution is on the rise in many cities of the world. There are associated health impacts that affect urban residents, especially the poor. By doing economic valuation, it is possible to draw the attention of citizens, policy-makers and, of course, researchers to the extent of damage and the value of it. In this paper, such a valuation is done using time-series data for the suburb of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Meteorology applied to urban air pollution problems: COST 715

    The requirements of the framework Directive on air quality assessment and management introduce real practical problems for the meteorological community. Some of the meteorological variables needed in urban air pollution assessments are not routinely measured and in normal circumstances the number of meteorological stations in urban areas is limited to a few sites, often just at airports. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Design methodology for background air pollution monitoring site selection in an urban area

    We present an air monitoring site selection procedure to determine the minimum number and location of monitoring stations to identify the occurrence of background concentrations greater than a reference value in an urban area. The objective technique reported here is based on the analysis of concentrations estimated using an urban dispersion model for at least one year of hourly information. As ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Report on COST 615 Action "Database, monitoring and modelling of urban air pollution"

    COST is a framework for scientific and technical cooperation, allowing the coordination of national research on a European level. It focuses on specific subjects for which there is particular interest in the COST countries. Action 615 concentrated on the physical, chemical and ecological aspects of urban air pollution. It combined activities from 18 European countries. This paper gives an ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Land-use-based sources of pollutants in urban storm water

     ABSTRACT Urban storm water is recognized as a major source of pollution to many of the nation’s waterways. However, little is known about the mechanisms and processes that influence pollutant loadings from specific land-use types. The goals of this study were (1) to examine event mean concentrations (EMC) and fluxes of TSS, metals, PAHs, and bacteria associated with storm water runoff ...

  • Pollutant release from a disturbed urban snowpack in northern Sweden

    Water and pollutant release from a disturbed urban snowpack was studied in an experimental plot encompassing a road section and the adjacent grassed boulevard in the city of Luleå, in northern Sweden. Winter road maintenance in this area includes snow ploughing and applications of grit without any road salts. During the study period, 18 snowmelt events were observed. Compared to rural areas and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Monitoring of pollution in the surface water in urban area

    Project reference Project: Pilot project in Umeå County Customer: Umeå County, Sweden Project period 2004 Nature of task: time integrated monitoring of PCBs, PAHs, OCPs, Toxicity and metals in three streams in Umeå city area. ...


    By Exposmeter AB

  • A Bayesian model for studying urban air pollution and respiratory symptoms in children

    The association between traffic–related air pollution and long–term respiratory health problems has been extensively studied. In this work we evaluated the effect of traffic–related air pollution on respiratory symptoms in children living in Florence, Italy. Children were selected from different schools part of the Italian Studies on Respiratory Disorders in Children and the Environment 2. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluation of statistical distributions to analyze the pollution of Cd and Pb in urban runoff

    Heavy metal pollution in urban runoff causes severe environmental damage. Identification of these pollutants and their statistical analysis is necessary to provide management guidelines. In this study, 45 continuous probability distribution functions were selected to fit the Cd and Pb data in the runoff events of an urban area during October 2014–May 2015. The sampling was conducted from the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Atmospheric chemical element pollution in an urban water-associated environment

    Nowadays, sustainability has become a complicated issue mainly in urban centres. Owing to the atmospheric emissions, the incorporation of toxic chemical elements is still not well known for urban water-associated ecosystems. Tillandsia bromeliads were employed as passive biomonitors of air pollution. Otherwise, the tank bromeliad Canistropsis billbergioides, native to the Atlantic Forest, was ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • ADMS-Urban: an air quality management system for traffic, domestic and industrial pollution

    The new version of the Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling System for urban environments, ADMS-Urban, is based on the same up-to-date physics as the ADMS model, outlined briefly here in Section 2. The basic model has been the subject of extensive validation studies: as part of this series of European Harmonisation Workshops; sponsored by HMIP (Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Pollution, now part of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Statistical analysis of urban air-pollution data in the Athens basin area, Greece

    Air pollutant concentrations recorded in the Athens basin area by a network of stations are analysed and examined to estimate the typical behaviour of the air pollutants, especially with regard to daily, weekly and annual periodicities and meteorological dependencies. Also, an attempt is made to predict daily and monthly concentrations by utilising a statistically based model, that is, a multiple ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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